Download
cytochrome p450 monooxygenases n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenases PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenases

Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenases

156 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenases

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenases William Green Leland Taylor 4/12/11

  2. Background • P450s are heme-containing enzymes that produce functionalized organic substrates • Two main pathways of P450 monooxygenasese: • Biosynthetic Pathway: • Leads to syntheiss of: UV protectants (flavonoids), anthocyanins, isoflavonoids/phytoalexins, fatty acids, hormones, signaling molecules, carotenoids, terpenes (defense compounds), and lignins (structural compounds) • Detoxification Pathway: • Drugs, carcinogens, herbicides and insecticides are all detoxified by P450 controlled hydroxylations • Superfamily containing more than 450 CYP sequences among at least 65 gene families • All P450s contain a highly conserved Amino Acid motif found near the C terminus: F- -G-R-C-G

  3. P450 identification • Arabidopsis p450 data set • http://www.p450.kvl.dk/ • tBlastn against blueberry data (454 database) • 272 query’s • Multiple hits per query (identified by gene) • Parse data to find partial/whole genes

  4. P450s of Interest • CYP74B2 – Hydroperoxidelyase • Electron carrier/heme binding • Fatty acid metabolism • Possibly related to Allene oxide synthase • Involved in the response to wounding • CYP75B1 – Flavonoid 3’-monooxygenase • Involved in Flavonoid biosynthesis • Hydroxylated derivatives are common flower pigments in related species • CYP73A5 – Cinnamate-4-Hydroxylase • Involved in phenylpropanoid pathway • Lignin, flavonoids, lignans, stilbenes, etc.

  5. Good Order • CYP74B2 - Fatty Acid Hydroperoxidelyase 3217 3558 5928 6599 6992 7363 454 scaffold12002 35 145 368 490 Arab. CYP74B2 Query

  6. P450s of Interest • CYP74B2 – Hydroperoxidelyase • Electron carrier/heme binding • Fatty acid metabolism • Possibly related to Allene oxide synthase • Involved in the response to wounding • CYP75B1 – Flavonoid 3’-monooxygenase • Involved in Flavonoid biosynthesis • Hydroxylated derivatives are common flower pigments in related species • CYP73A5 – Cinnamate-4-Hydroxylase • Involved in phenylpropanoid pathway • Lignin, flavonoids, lignans, stilbenes, etc.

  7. Order/Orientation Mixup • P450 linked to flavonoid • Visual results of hits on one scaffold • N’s in between sequence. Must make a guess at orientation. • This evidence shows it should be flipped 4 234 18277 18972 28588 29010 454 scaffold00711 SEQ-N-SEQ SEQ-442N Rev Comp Rev Comp Arab. CYP75B1 502 53 294 273 426 / 438

  8. P450s of Interest • CYP74B2 – Hydroperoxidelyase • Electron carrier/heme binding • Fatty acid metabolism • Possibly related to Allene oxide synthase • Involved in the response to wounding • CYP75B1 – Flavonoid 3’-monooxygenase • Involved in Flavonoid biosynthesis • Hydroxylated derivatives are common flower pigments in related species • CYP73A5 – Cinnamate-4-Hydroxylase • Involved in phenylpropanoid pathway • Lignin, flavonoids, lignans, stilbenes, etc.

  9. Problem Order • CYP73A5 – Cinnamate-4-Hydroxylase 44 195 298 448 454 scaffold10240 53 294 296 383 486 345 444 8121261 1869 2131 2442 3386 3679 5751 6458 6572 7018 Arab. CYP73A5 Rev. Com.

  10. Further Work • Focus on other P450s of interest • CYP88A2: involved in gibberlin synthesis (growth factors) • Etc. • Connect P450s with other gene pathways • Develop phylogenetic distribution of P450s

  11. Acknowledgements • Dr. Allan Brown • NC State University • David H. Murdock Research Institute • Dr. Malcom Campbell & Davidson College

  12. References Nelson, David R. "Mining Databases for Cytochrome P450 Genes." Methods in Enzymology 357 (2002): 3-15. Science Direct. Elsevier B.V., 16 Dec. 2003. Web. <link> Nelson, David R., Mary A. Schuler, Suzanne M. Paquette, Daniele WerckReichhartand SorenBak. "Comparative Genomics of Rice and Arabidopsis. Analysis of 727 Cytochrome P450 Genes and Pseudogenes from a Monocot and a Dicot." Plant Physiology 135.2 (2004): 756-72. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY®. American Society of Plant Biologists, 31 Mar. 2004. Web. <http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/135/2/756>.