Persepolis:Breia Boyd Satrapi, M. (2003). Persepolist (The story of a childhood) New York: Pantheon
Short Biography Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was born on Oct. 26, 1919 in Tehran, Iran. He was the shah of Iran from 1941-79. He maintained a pro-Western foreign policy and fostered economic development in Iran(but corruption in his government, unequal distribution of oil wealth). He died in 1980. (1996-2012). Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. http://www.biography.com/people/mohammad-reza-pahlavi-9431856
His Governmental Responsibilities During the reign of Reza Shah (1925-41),oil revenues were modest, and most of the proceeds from oil went to Britain through the AIOC. After 1951,the government of Mohammad Reza Shah (1941-79)relied on oil income to finance the policies of centralization. http://countrystudies.us/iran/63.htm
The Overthrow Despite economical growth, there was much opposition against the Mohammad Reza Shah, and how he used the secret police, to control the country. Strong opposition against the Shah, and the country came close to a situation of civil war. The opposition was lead by Ayatollah Khomeini, who lived in exile in Iraq and later in France. His message was distributed through music cassettes, which were smuggled into Iran in small numbers, and then duplicated, and spread all around the country. This was the beginning of Iranian revolution. (2001-2012) Iran chamber society. History of iran, History of iran http://www.iranchamber.com/history/islamic_revolution/islamic_revolution.hph
Major Beliefs Muslims believe Islam is God's final message to humankind, a reconfirmation and perfection of the messages that God has revealed through earlier prophets. Allah is the name of the One and Only God in Arabic. Other important tenets of Islam are that God is the Creator of all that exists and that His will is supreme. Muslims believe that God sent different messengers and prophets throughout the history of mankind in order to guide them. Muslims believe that people are born free of sin. • Islam 101 A simple web guide to islam. Major Beliefs • http://jannah.org/islam101/majorbeliefs.html
Its Role in the Revolution The task of the earlier prophets was completed with the full communication of the message to the people. But the Divine plan in sending the Prophet Muhammad, to the world was to bring about a practical revolution. His message could not, therefore, remain at the theoretical stage.
A-School Society in Iran Pre-Islamic Revolution Post-Islamic Revolution
Pre-Islamic Revolution General education is free and parents are obliged to enroll their six year old children at schools. It comprises 5 years of primary,3 years of lower secondary, 3 years of upper secondary and one year of pre-university education. Women make up more than 50% of the Iranian University students.
Post-Islamic Revolution Post-Islamism is not anti-Islamic or secular; a post-Islamist movement dearly upholds religion but also highlights citizens’ rights. It aspires to a pious society within a democratic state.
B-Religion Pre-Islamic Revolution Post-Islamic Revolution
Pre-Islamic Revolution Iran is a Islamic Republic and its constitution mandates that the official religion is Islam , but it is a diverse country consisting of people of many religions.
Post-Islamic Revolution The religious practices and beliefs of Muslims are centered around the religion of Islam. The original Muslim literature is in Arabic, the Prophet's language. Most of the literature is religious in nature.
C-families Pre-Islamic Revolution Post-Islamic Revolution
Pre-Islamic Revolution The Iran woman, seem to be forced to use a black veil, in her heads. They also cover their bodies, in such way to preserve it of the looks of men.
Post-Islamic Revolution On January 16 1979, the Shah left Iran. Shapour Bakhtiar as his new prime minister with the help of Supreme Army Councils couldn't control the situation in the country anymore.
D-government Pre-Islamic Revolution Post-Islamic Revolution
Pre-Islamic Revolution The Shah's regime was seen as oppressive, brutal, corrupt, and extravagant ; it also suffered from basic functional failures. The shah Reza, was support by a security group known as “savak”.
Post-Islamic Revolution A quarter century earlier, in 1953, the C.I.A. had secretly helped topple Iran's prime minister and restore the Shah to his throne after he had gone into exile during a power struggle with members of Iran's elected parliament.