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October 3-7, 2005 is Drive Safely Work Week. Roadway Trends. As traffic congestion continues to rise across the country, many motorists are spending more time on the road than ever before.
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Roadway Trends • As traffic congestion continues to rise across the country, many motorists are spending more time on the road than ever before. • Advances in mobile and wireless technology allow drivers to process more complex information “on the move.” • Traffic crashes are the leading cause of death among employees in the U.S. workforce. • Distracted driving is responsible for 20 to 30 percent of all traffic crashes.
Distracted Driving • Occurs when a driver’s attention is diverted from the driving task because of some event, activity, object, or person within or outside the vehicle; or by factors such as emotional stress or preoccupation. • Significantly impairs a driver’s focus or the ability of a driver to recognize roadway hazards and react appropriately.
Three Types of Driver Distraction • External Distractions – Roadside events, activities, or persons that divert the driver’s focus from the road ahead. • Psychomotor Distractions –An activity that requires a driver to remove one or both hands from the steering wheel. • Cognitive Distractions –Any thoughts or emotions that take the driver’s attention away from the driving task.
Most Distracting In-Vehicle Activities • E-mail/Internet • Route Navigation Systems • Using/Dialing a Cell Phone • Adjusting the Radio • Adjusting Climate Controls • Eating or Drinking • Smoking Related • Talking to a Passenger Monash University Accident Research Centre . Driver Distraction: A Review of the Literature. Report No. 206.
Adjust the radio, cassette, or CD player Become preoccupied with other thoughts Tend to occupants in the car including children, pets, and adult passengers Plan what you will do later Reach for stray objects in the vehicle Think about at-work projects and tasks Eat or drink Engage in emotional or involved conversations with other passengers or while on a cell phone Drive while fatigued or drowsy Answer or dial a cell phone Engage in personal grooming activities—apply make-up, shave, etc. Drive aggressively Read a map or newspaper Drive while impaired by alcohol or drugs When behind the wheel, do you?
These activities and many others may divert your attention from the primary driving task and increase your risk of a crash. Even momentary distractions can be deadly. Safe driving requires your full attention.
Be ready to make critical driving decisions. • Be set for the unpredictable behavior of other drivers. • Be focused so that you can react quickly and correctly in any situation. Because you never know what you may encounter on the roadway.
Drive Safely Work WeekBecause you never know what you may encounter on the roadway.