Author : Stephen Kramer Genre : Expository Nonfiction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Author : Stephen Kramer Genre : Expository Nonfiction

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  1. Big Question: How do weather patterns affect our lives? Author: Stephen Kramer Genre: Expository Nonfiction

  2. Small GroupTimer

  3. Review Games Story Sort VocabularyWords: • Arcade Games • Study Stack • Spelling City: Vocabulary • Spelling City: Spelling Words

  4. SpellingWordsCompound Words

  5. Big Question: How do weather patterns affect our lives?MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday

  6. Vocabulary Words More Words to Know Vocabulary Words • destruction • expected • forecasts • inland • shatter • surge • potential • withstand • wreckage • ditch • shelter • unpredictable

  7. Monday

  8. Today we will learn about: • Build Concepts • Graphic Sources • Predict • Build Background • Vocabulary • Fluency: Pauses • Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses • Spelling: Compound Words • Storms

  9. FluencyModel Pauses

  10. Fluency: Model Pauses • Listen as I read “Tornado Tales.” • As I read, notice how I pause after complete thoughts, such as at the end of phrases and sentences to make it easier for listeners to understand the text. • Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

  11. Fluency: Model Pauses • What caused frogs to fall on a girl’s head? • Why shouldn’t someone try to flee from a tornado in a car?

  12. Concept Vocabulary • ditch– a long narrow hole dug into the earth. Ditches are usually used to carry off water. • shelter– something that covers or protects from weather, danger, or attack • unpredictable – uncertain, unable to tell about beforehand • (next slide)

  13. ditch

  14. shelter

  15. Concept Vocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

  16. Build Concept Vocabulary ditch, shelter, unpredictable Storms

  17. Graphic Sources, PredictTurn to page 338 – 339.

  18. Prior KnowledgeWhat do you know about hurricanes?

  19. Prior Knowledge • This week’s audio explores how meteorologists forecast hurricanes. After we listen, we will discuss what you found out and what surprised you most about forecasting hurricanes.

  20. Vocabulary Words

  21. Vocabulary Words • destruction – great damage; ruin • expected – thought something would probably come or happen • forecasts – statements of what is coming; predictions • inland – in or toward the interior • shatter – to break into pieces suddenly • surge- a swelling motion; sweep or rush; especially of waves

  22. More Words to Know • potential – something possible • withstand – to stand against; hold out against; resist; endure • wreckage – what is left behind after destruction • (Next Slide)

  23. destruction

  24. shatter

  25. surge

  26. wreckage

  27. GrammarPast, Present, and Future Tenses

  28. the thundastorm put out our camp fire but we had a gas stove • The thunderstorm put out our campfire, but we had a gas stove. • we return Home last night soaking wet • We returned home last night soaking wet.

  29. Past, Present, and Future Tenses • It rains every day. It rained last night. It will rain tomorrow. • The verb in sentence 1 is in present tense, the verb in sentence 2 is in past tense, and the verb in sentence 3 is future tense.

  30. Past, Present, and Future Tenses • When the word has, have, or had precedes a verb, it is called the perfect tense. This tense indicates that the action was done before a given point in time.

  31. Past, Present, and Future Tenses • The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. A verb in the present tense tells about action that is happening now. • A verb in the past tense tells about action that has already happened. Many past tense verbs end in –ed.

  32. Past, Present, and Future Tenses • A verb in the future tense tells about action that will happen in the future. The helping verb will is added to a verb to form the future tense. • Present Tense: The rain pours down. We use our umbrellas. • Past Tense: It rained last night. They filled buckets with rainwater.

  33. Past, Present, and Future Tenses • Future Tense: The rain will stop tomorrow. • When a verb ends with e, drop the e before adding –ed: save, saved. • When a one-syllable verb ends with one vowel followed by one consonant, double the final consonant before adding –ed: clap, clapped

  34. Past, Present, and Future Tenses • When a verb ends with a consonant followed by y, change the y toibefore adding –ed: hurry, hurried.

  35. Past, Present, and Future TensesIdentify the tense of each underlined verb. • Warren Faidleylives in Arizona. • present • He follows storms. • present • In 1992, he chased Hurricane Andrew. • past

  36. Past, Present, and Future TensesIdentify the tense of each underlined verb. • He stayed in a concrete parking garage. • past • Next summer he will take pictures of thunderstorms. • future

  37. Past, Present, and Future TensesFind the verb and identify its tense. • My dog hates thunderstorms. • hates, present • Last summer a storm arrived one afternoon. • arrived, past • The wind nearly knocked me over. • knocked, past

  38. Past, Present, and Future TensesFind the verb and identify its tense. • I hugged a telephone pole. • hugged, past • Next time I will remain indoors. • will remain, future

  39. SpellingWordsCompound Words

  40. Tuesday

  41. Today we will learn about: • Word Structure: Endings • Graphic Sources • Predict • Cause and Effect • Vocabulary • Fluency: Echo Reading • Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses • Spelling: Compound Words • Time for Science: Tornadoes • Satellite Pictures • Storms

  42. Vocabulary Strategy: EndingsPages 340 -341.

  43. Eye of the StormPages 342 - 349.

  44. FluencyEcho Reading

  45. Fluency: Echo Reading • Turn to page 348, the heading and first paragraph. • As I read, notice how I pause after reading the heading, after commas, and at the ends of sentences. • We will practice as a class doing three echo readings of this paragraph.

  46. GrammarPast, Present, and Future Tenses

  47. water covered the highway. After the hurricane • Water covered the highway after the hurricane. • how would we get threw • How would we get through?

  48. Past, Present, and Future Tenses • The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. • Present tense tells about present action. Many present tense verbs end in –s or –es. • Past tense tells about past action. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. • Future tense tells about future action. The helping verb will is added to the verb to form the future tense.