Big Question: How do weather patterns affect our lives? Author: Stephen Kramer Genre: Expository Nonfiction
Review Games Story Sort VocabularyWords: • Arcade Games • Study Stack • Spelling City: Vocabulary • Spelling City: Spelling Words
Big Question: How do weather patterns affect our lives?MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday
Vocabulary Words More Words to Know Vocabulary Words • destruction • expected • forecasts • inland • shatter • surge • potential • withstand • wreckage • ditch • shelter • unpredictable
Today we will learn about: • Build Concepts • Graphic Sources • Predict • Build Background • Vocabulary • Fluency: Pauses • Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses • Spelling: Compound Words • Storms
Fluency: Model Pauses • Listen as I read “Tornado Tales.” • As I read, notice how I pause after complete thoughts, such as at the end of phrases and sentences to make it easier for listeners to understand the text. • Be ready to answer questions after I finish.
Fluency: Model Pauses • What caused frogs to fall on a girl’s head? • Why shouldn’t someone try to flee from a tornado in a car?
Concept Vocabulary • ditch– a long narrow hole dug into the earth. Ditches are usually used to carry off water. • shelter– something that covers or protects from weather, danger, or attack • unpredictable – uncertain, unable to tell about beforehand • (next slide)
Concept Vocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)
Prior Knowledge • This week’s audio explores how meteorologists forecast hurricanes. After we listen, we will discuss what you found out and what surprised you most about forecasting hurricanes.
Vocabulary Words • destruction – great damage; ruin • expected – thought something would probably come or happen • forecasts – statements of what is coming; predictions • inland – in or toward the interior • shatter – to break into pieces suddenly • surge- a swelling motion; sweep or rush; especially of waves
More Words to Know • potential – something possible • withstand – to stand against; hold out against; resist; endure • wreckage – what is left behind after destruction • (Next Slide)
the thundastorm put out our camp fire but we had a gas stove • The thunderstorm put out our campfire, but we had a gas stove. • we return Home last night soaking wet • We returned home last night soaking wet.
Past, Present, and Future Tenses • It rains every day. It rained last night. It will rain tomorrow. • The verb in sentence 1 is in present tense, the verb in sentence 2 is in past tense, and the verb in sentence 3 is future tense.
Past, Present, and Future Tenses • When the word has, have, or had precedes a verb, it is called the perfect tense. This tense indicates that the action was done before a given point in time.
Past, Present, and Future Tenses • The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. A verb in the present tense tells about action that is happening now. • A verb in the past tense tells about action that has already happened. Many past tense verbs end in –ed.
Past, Present, and Future Tenses • A verb in the future tense tells about action that will happen in the future. The helping verb will is added to a verb to form the future tense. • Present Tense: The rain pours down. We use our umbrellas. • Past Tense: It rained last night. They filled buckets with rainwater.
Past, Present, and Future Tenses • Future Tense: The rain will stop tomorrow. • When a verb ends with e, drop the e before adding –ed: save, saved. • When a one-syllable verb ends with one vowel followed by one consonant, double the final consonant before adding –ed: clap, clapped
Past, Present, and Future Tenses • When a verb ends with a consonant followed by y, change the y toibefore adding –ed: hurry, hurried.
Past, Present, and Future TensesIdentify the tense of each underlined verb. • Warren Faidleylives in Arizona. • present • He follows storms. • present • In 1992, he chased Hurricane Andrew. • past
Past, Present, and Future TensesIdentify the tense of each underlined verb. • He stayed in a concrete parking garage. • past • Next summer he will take pictures of thunderstorms. • future
Past, Present, and Future TensesFind the verb and identify its tense. • My dog hates thunderstorms. • hates, present • Last summer a storm arrived one afternoon. • arrived, past • The wind nearly knocked me over. • knocked, past
Past, Present, and Future TensesFind the verb and identify its tense. • I hugged a telephone pole. • hugged, past • Next time I will remain indoors. • will remain, future
Today we will learn about: • Word Structure: Endings • Graphic Sources • Predict • Cause and Effect • Vocabulary • Fluency: Echo Reading • Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses • Spelling: Compound Words • Time for Science: Tornadoes • Satellite Pictures • Storms
Fluency: Echo Reading • Turn to page 348, the heading and first paragraph. • As I read, notice how I pause after reading the heading, after commas, and at the ends of sentences. • We will practice as a class doing three echo readings of this paragraph.
water covered the highway. After the hurricane • Water covered the highway after the hurricane. • how would we get threw • How would we get through?
Past, Present, and Future Tenses • The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. • Present tense tells about present action. Many present tense verbs end in –s or –es. • Past tense tells about past action. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. • Future tense tells about future action. The helping verb will is added to the verb to form the future tense.