Essential Nutrient Lily Liu Computers 8
Carbohydrate(carb) • Provides energy • Types: simple carb(sugar) complex carb(starches) • Form glucose when digested • Likely to feel hungry again • Found in grains, vegetables, fruits, etc.
Fats • Builds body tissue • Types: Unsaturated fat(good for health) Saturated fat(causes heart disease) Trans fat(found in margarine) • Should take 67 grams(600 calories) of fat • Too much fats causes diseases and cancer • From dairy, meat, vegetable oil, etc.
Protein • Builds, maintains, and replaces tissue in body • Types: Animal protein(contains all amino acid) Plant protein(contains some amino acid) • Made of amino acids • Should take 15% daily • From meat, dairy, vegetables, grains, etc.
Fibre • Helps digestive system to function • Types: Insoluble fibre(doesn’t dissolve in water) Soluble fibre(dissolves in water) • The not fully digested part • Controls appetite • From grains, vegetables, fruits, etc.
Vitamins • Develop body to grow • Types: Fat-soluble Vitamin(stored in body) Water-soluble Vitamin(can’t be stored) • Plenty of foods naturally contain vitamins • Can’t be eliminated after taken too much • From meat, grains, vegetables, sugary foods, etc.
Minerals • Helps body to develop and stay healthy • Types: Macro minerals(body needs a lot) Trace minerals(body needs some) • Helps vitamins to work • Lack of minerals leads to health problems • From vegetables, dairy, meat, fruits, etc.
Water • Keeps cells and body functions in work • Improves muscle tone • 60% of body weight is water • In all the systems in body • From food, drinks, metabolism, etc.
Bibliography • http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/focus/nutrition/facts/lifestylemanagement/carbohydrates.htm • http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/carb.html# • http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/focus/nutrition/facts/lifestylemanagement/fats.htm • http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/fat.html# • http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/focus/nutrition/facts/detoxification/dietaryprotein.htm • http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/protein.html# • http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/focus/nutrition/facts/lifestylemanagement/fibre.htm • http://www.healthlinkalberta.ca/Topic.asp?GUID=%7B3E8F41E5-D9F6-439A-BEDF-A73CEA1646B3%7D • http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/focus/nutrition/facts/vitamins_minerals/vitamin.htm • http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/vitamin.html# • http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/minerals.html# • http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/health_advice/facts/vitamins.htm • http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/water.html • http://weightloss.about.com/library/blwater.htm