Theodore Roosevelt Standard 4. 6 E.Q. How did Theodore Roosevelt impact the Progressive Movement?
Theodore Roosevelt First president to give any support to the rights of workers when he used his offices as a “bully pulpit” to break down trusts and protect workers.
Social Reform Big time conservationist Felt that some trusts were harmful to public interests Failed to support civil rights for blacks Trust Buster: President to push the stop of trusts form winning over middle class.
Square Deal All policy created as a result of President Roosevelt that uphold the best interest of consumers and workers in the Progressive Movement.
Social Reforms • Sherman Anti – Trust Act: A law enacted in 1890 that was intended to prevent the creation of monopolies by making it illegal to establish trusts that interfered with free trade. • Legalized a graduated federal income tax, which provided revenue by taxing individual earnings and corporate profits. • Pure Food and Drug Act: Law that required truthful labels.
Social Reforms • Meat Inspection Act: Promoted by the publication of Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” • Passed by Teddy Roosevelt after he read “The Jungle” • Roosevelt also promoted conservation of natural resources by creating national parks. • He was founding force behind and candidate of the Progressive Party in 1912 which split the Republican Party and gave the election to Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson • Clayton Anti – Trust Act: Allowed labor unions to be exempt from the Anti – Trust laws. • 16th Amendment – Legalized a graduated federal income tax, which provided revenue by taxing individual earnings and corporate profits. • The federal government had to replace the revenue that tariffs had previously supplied.
Woodrow Wilson • 17th Amendment (1913) – provides for the election of US senators by the people rather than by state legislatures. This is for the benefit of ordinary citizens. • The Federal Reserve Act – Central banking system of the U.S. • And granted it the legal authority to issue U.S. dollars.
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