Tuesday Feb. 29 Take out: outlines Today- Sample research paper Parenthetical Citations Begin Drafting
What are Parenthetical Citations? Acknowledging words, facts, or ideas from another source.
Why do we need parenthetical citations? It is important to give credit to the sources you use. When you copy words and ideas that are not yours and use them without giving credit, it is called plagiarism.
How do I avoid plagiarism? You can avoid plagiarism, which is a serious offense, by giving credit to your sources. People who plagiarize may receive a failing grade or even be expelled from school.
Doesn’t the “Works Cited”page give credit? Yes, the Works Cited page at the end of your paper is important in giving credit to the sources you used.However,it doesn’t give your readerinformation on what exactly you used from each source or exactly where you found the material.
When must you give credit? When you quote exact words If you use the exact words of an author, you need to include them in “quotation marks.”
Give Credit When you summarizefacts and ideas from a source: Summarizing means taking ideas from a larger passage and condensing them into your own words.
Give Credit When you paraphrase: If you usethe ideas or opinions from someone else and restate them in your own words, you still need to cite the source.
When do you not have to cite a reference? • If the information is well known • If the information can be found in dictionaries • Statistics and information that can be easily found in several sources and are not likely to vary from source to source
Citing sources when you have all the information • MLA Style • 1 List the last name of the author. If the author is an organization, list the name of the organization. • 2 List the page number you are referencing, if possible. This will only apply to articles that also appear in print. • 3 Enclose your citation in parentheses. For example: (Smith 11). If no author name is given, you may use the title of the web page in quotation marks. For example: ("10 Ways to Fish" 11). If the web page or article is not paginated, omit this information from your citation. It is not necessary to give a paragraph number. • 4 Position your citation directly after the quoted or paraphrased passage. For example: One website suggests that the best way to catch a trout is to "wiggle the line every six to eight seconds" ("10 Ways to Fish" 11).
Citing sources when some of the information is missing • Some sources do not list an author. In those cases, use the title and page number. The winds of a hurricane are most violent around the eye (“Hurricane Season” 7). • Some sources do not use page numbers. In those cases, list just the author. Hurricanes in the Indian Ocean are called cyclones (Nealy). • If a source does not list the author or page number, use the title. In Southeast Asia, they are called typhoons (“Big Wind”).
Parenthetical citations should be: • Brief • Give only enough information to identify the source on your Works Cited page
Always check to make sure you give credit to your sources A complete list of every source that you make reference to in your report. This provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any sources cited in your paper. Include a Works Cited page:
Wrap up a great paper ! Use parenthetical citations when you • Quote • Summarize • Paraphrase