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Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review

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Final Exam Review

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  1. Final Exam Review

  2. Objectives To review key locations discussed throughout the course Identify/recall information from the course through the use of a jeopardy game Evaluate impacts of several periods of history
  3. Warm Up In your opinion, what is the single most important event or series of events discussed in US II and why?
  4. Rules Each group will receive a question in which they need to answer. If they answer the question correctly they will receive 5 points. If they answer it incorrectly they will lose 2 points. If they answer the question incorrectly then the question goes on to the next group who will try to answer. Any group besides the initial question group may pass, but they may only do this 2X!!!
  5. Reward 3 points extra credit to the winners (added to their final exam grade) 2 points extra credit to the 2nd place team 1 point for everyone else for participating
  6. Intense burst of national pride and aggressive foreign policy jingoism
  7. Letter stolen from the Spanish ambassador to Washington published in the New York Times that described McKinley as weak. De Lome Letter
  8. Referred to “A Splendid Little War” Spanish American War
  9. Areas of economic and political control, in China between Russia, Germany, Britain, France, and Japan Spheres of influence
  10. This connects the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and allows for ships to pass through. Panama Canal
  11. Secretary of State under both Nixon and Ford Kissinger
  12. The US and the USSR came close to war in this event. Cuban Missile Crisis
  13. The purpose of this program is to aid people in underdeveloped areas. Peace Corps
  14. US Foreign policy to stop the spread of communism? Containment
  15. US and UN effort to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait. Under General Colin Powell, “Operation Desert Storm” was launched. Persian Gulf War
  16. This event wiped out the savings of many Americans. Stock Market crash of 1929
  17. Journalist that exposed political and business corruption. Muckrakers
  18. Immediate cause of US entry into WWII? Attack on Pearl Harbor
  19. Belief that a nation needs overseas colonies in order to be rich and powerful. Imperialism
  20. This new weapon introduced in WWI changed the rules of naval warfare. U-Boat
  21. The result of this war is that it strengthened American control in the Caribbean. Spanish-American War
  22. The anti-Communist hysteria in the 1950s allowed for this man to carry a smear campaign that gained him popularity and eventually caused him to fall from grace. Joseph McCarthy
  23. “Lightning Warfare” Blitzkrieg
  24. Which two nations were on the US’s side during WWI, but enemies during WWII? Japan and Italy
  25. Kennedy’s assassination was investigated by the? Warren Commission
  26. This movement wanted to solve political and social problems created by industrialization. Progressive
  27. The era in which alcohol was made illegal. Prohibition
  28. Clinton made his strongest efforts to tackle this problem at the start of his presidency. Health Care Reform and the Federal Deficit
  29. President Taft’s foreign policy was most closely associated with this term. Dollar Diplomacy
  30. What were the 5 long term causes of WWI and WWII? Nationalism, Alliances, Imperialism, Militarism, International Anarchy
  31. This is when one company has exclusive control over the supply of a particular product or service and eliminates competition. Monopoly
  32. President during WWI? Woodrow Wilson
  33. Identify two famous suffragists (late 1800s early 1900s). Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Carrie Chapman Catt, Alice Paul
  34. Act created in May 1917, that authorized a draft of young men for military service Selective Service Act
  35. German floating airships used in WWI Zeppelins
  36. Special war bonds to support the Allied cause (used in both world wars) Liberty Bonds
  37. Nixon’s foreign policy? Détente
  38. This was headed by Bernard Baruch during WWI, to oversee the nation’s war-related production War Industries Board
  39. These acts were put into place to make it illegal to obstruct the sale of Liberty Bonds or to discuss anything “disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive” about the American gov’t or constitution. Espionage and Sedition Acts
  40. Trial over the teaching of evolution in school. Scopes trial
  41. Organizations created at the end of WWI; part of Wilson’s 14 points. League of Nations
  42. Germany had to supply this; it is a payment for economic injury suffered during the war. Reparations
  43. First man to fly across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927. Charles Lindbergh
  44. First women to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. Amelia Earhart
  45. Group of people including prominent writers, who felt disconnected from their country and its values Lost Generation
  46. Bars that operated illegally during prohibition. Speakeasies
  47. Controversial trial that occurred during the Red Scare of the 1920s that resulted in death. Sacco and Vanzetti
  48. In 1921 and 22, Harding’s Secretary of the Interior, Albert B. Fall, secretly gave oil-drilling rights on government oil fields. Teapot Dome Scandal
  49. This plan lent economic aid to help war-ravaged nations recover from devastation Marshall Plan
  50. This was agreed upon at the Yalta Conference to be a new international peacekeeping organization. United Nations
  51. US and French agreement to not declare war on each other. 15 nations pledged not to use the threat of war in their dealings with one another. Kellogg-Briand Pact
  52. Practice of making high-risk investments in hopes of getting a huge return (stock market). Speculation
  53. Created in 1914 by Wilson and Congress; it gives power to order firms to “cease and desist” unfair business tactics. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
  54. This amendment appealed Prohibition. 21st
  55. This officially ended the Great War Versailles Treaty
  56. Reagan’s program that was essentially supply side economics Reaganomics
  57. Created in 1932 by Hoover, this gave the govt credit to a number of institutions, such as large industries, railroads, and insurance companies. Reconstruction Finance Corporation
  58. Investors could purchase a stock for only a fraction of its price and borrow the rest Buying on margin
  59. Between 1931-1940 so much soil blew out of the central and southern Great Plains that the region became known as ? The Dust Bowl
  60. Highest import tax in US history was created in 1930 to protect domestic industries from foreign imports Hawley-Smoot tariff
  61. Who wrote The Feminine Mystique? Betty Friedman
  62. In Nov 1945, 24 Nazi defendants were tried at this International Military Tribunal. Nuremberg Trials
  63. A series of acts that banned discrimination in voting, schools, and jobs. Civil Rights Act
  64. In WWI the Central Powers were comprised of? Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
  65. Vets from WWI and their families encamped in Washington D.C. to demand immediate payment of pension bonus that was promised. Bonus Army
  66. Refer to the relief, recovery, and reform programs of FDR’s administration that aimed at combating the Great Depression. New Deal
  67. FDR’s favorite program that was established in 1933, to put millions of young, unmarried men to work maintaining forests, beaches, and parks. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
  68. Govt funded projects to build public facilities under FDR Public Works Programs
  69. Scientists that developed the atomic bomb were organized in the top secret ____________________. Manhattan Project
  70. Paying out more money from the annual federal budget than the government recieves in revenues. Deficit spending
  71. Process of removing enemies and undesirable individuals from power. This tactic was used by Stalin. Purge
  72. Political leaders of the Axis Powers? Germany- Hitler Italy- Mussolini Japan- Hojo
  73. When it appeared that Britain could no longer pay for supplies during WWII, FDR created this; stating that if your neighbor’s house was on fire you would not charge them to use your hose. Lend-Lease Act
  74. Telegram sent to Mexico from Germany, requesting Mexico to make an alliance and to attack the US. Zimmerman Note
  75. Also known as Operation Overlord, this was the invasion of France by the Allies. D-Day
  76. Discrimination or hostility, often violent, directed at Jews. Anti-Semitism
  77. This stipulated that the Cuban government could not enter any foreign agreements and must give the US the right to intervene whenever necessary Platt Amendment
  78. The U.S. wanted to protect its trading opportunities in China; thus they advocated for this. Open Door Policy
  79. Churchill called on Americans to help keep Stalin from enclosing any more nations behind the ________________ of Communist domination and oppression. Iron curtain
  80. Aid to Greece and Turkey after WWII; also preventing the spread of communism to these countries was apart of the…. Truman Doctrine
  81. Alliance between Canada, USA, Belgium, Britain, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Lux., Netherlands, Norway and Portugal, formed in April 1949. It agreed that “an armed attack against one or more of them…shall be considered an attack against them all” North Atlantic Treaty Org. (NATO)
  82. They were accused by the House of Un-American Activities; refused to respond to questioning and served jail terms ranging from 6months to a year. Hollywood 10
  83. An act passed in 1947 that allowed the President to declare an 80-day cooling off period during which strikers had to return to work (reflected the widespread fear of communism) Taft-Hartley Act
  84. Historic Supreme Court decision that integrated schools Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
  85. Boynton v. Virginia (1960) furthered the desegregation of bus stations and interstate buses. To test if the South would obey the new laws, SNCC and CORE carried out … Freedom Rides
  86. How did the Great Society differ from the New Frontier? Most programs passed through congress in the Great Society
  87. Style of fighting on the Western Front during WWI. Trench warfare
  88. In the late 1950s, many Americans began to question the country’s status as the strongest world power because of this event. Sputnik
  89. This was a rebirth of African-American cultural contributions to America Harlem Renaissance
  90. Strategy used by MLK and the African-American students who sat at the “whites only” lunch counter in North Carolina. Civil Disobedience
  91. President Reagan’s foreign policy was based on increasing what? National Defense Spending
  92. This major event occurred during WWI and pulled one of the Allies out of the war to deal with domestic issues. Russian Revolution
  93. Nickname for the Progressive Party whose platform included tariff reduction, women’s suffrage, more regulation of business, child labor ban, 8 hr workday, fed workers compensation, and direct elections Bull Moose Party
  94. This was created by an act with the same name; it divided the country in 12 districts, each with its own bank owned by member banks. Federal Reserve System
  95. The Allies in WWII were? Russia, France, Serbia, Great Britain and later the US
  96. Following the ___________ ___________, the German army quickly swept through Belgium and northern France. Schlieffen Plan
  97. Court case that legalized abortion. Roe v. Wade
  98. Giving into a competitor's demands in order to keep the peace Appeasement
  99. “A new coalition that will fight for Indian treaty rights and better conditions and opportunities for our people.” American Indian Movement
  100. The first troops sent to Europe in WWI were comprised of volunteers and National Guardsmen. American Expeditionary Force (AEF)
  101. Final Jeopardy In your group decide how many points you wish to wager. You cannot wager more than you have! If you have negative points you cannot wager anything!
  102. Final Jeopardy What are 2 post 9/11 changes in America?
  103. Final Jeopardy II Name two conditions that contributed to the growth of industry after the Civil War? Abundance of cheap labor; New business and management strategies; Natural and capital resources
  104. Final Jeopardy III US followed a policy of expansionism in the 1800s for several reasons; name two. Desire to promote Anglo-Saxon superiority; need for a strong navy;