HUMAN DIMENSION MCDP 1
OVERVIEW • Understanding of the physical dimensions of combat.
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE • With the aid of and per the reference MCDP 1 War fighting, explain the elements found in the combat environment.
ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVES * • The purpose of training • The definition of maneuver warfare • Conduct of maneuver warfare • Orienting of the enemy • Philosophy of command • Shaping the action • Decision-Making
Mission Tactics • Commander’s Intent • Main effort • Surfaces • Combined arms • Violence and Danger • Physical, Moral, and Mental Forces • Initiative and Response
EVALUATION • COMP 3
PURPOSE OF TRAINING • Develop forces that can win in combat. • *Training provides both enlisted and officers a common experience, a proud heritage, and a set of values
HOW DO WE TRAIN? • Individual Skills- Basic combat skills • Collective Training- Challenging • Critiques- Self-analysis • Professional Military Education
*MANEUVER WARFARE IS... • A philosophy that seeks to shatter the enemy’s cohesion through a variety, focused, and unexpected actions which create a turbulent and rapidly deteriorating situation with which the enemy cannot cope.
Bypass the Enemy’s Defenses • Relationship of Firepower to Maneuver Warfare: Concentrate on decisive points • Objective of Maneuver Warfare: Panic, Resist • Objective of Maneuver Warfare: Enemy cannot function • *Need for Speed and Focus, surprise, exploitation • Human Skills and Traits: Endurance and Courage
ORIENTING ON THE ENEMY • Fundamental to maneuver warfare is orienting of the enemy • Attacks the enemy “system” • Marine Corps concept for winning is a war fighting doctrine based on flexibility and seizing the opportunity
FOCUS OUTWARD • In order to penetrate the enemies system we need identify and attack critical vulnerabilities • Penetrate by infiltration or a violent attack on narrow frontages at a weak point • Get inside your enemy’s thought processes
PHILOSOPHY OF COMMAND • Cope with the uncertainty, and disorder • Command and control must be decentralized • Develop trust • Talk directly to one another when possible • Commanders command where they can influence the battle
Philosophy Of Command • Thrive in an environment of chaos • Lack of certainty • Competency in a decentralized environment
SHAPING THE ACTION • Establish what we want to accomplish and why we want to accomplish it • *Commanders preserve momentum and control the tempo of operation. These events should be shaped with several options and not be restricted to one outcome
DECISION-MAKING • Time is the most important factor • *Intuitive process which should be based on awareness rather than habit • Made in the face of uncertainty: No right or wrong solution
Mission tactics • Assigning a subordinate a mission without specifying how to accomplish the mission • *Benefits the senior commander to focus on higher concerns • *Based on the mission the commander develops a concept of operations
*“COMMANDERS INTENT” • Subordinate commanders to make decisions on their own initiative they must understand the commanders intent • Must have a clear understanding of the intent of the commander at least two levels up • Use own initiative and judgment to depart from original plan
MAIN EFFORT • Focal point upon which converges the combat power • Priority for support • Ensures the success of the entire mission • *Commander establishes main effort for each operation based on the mission, as they change commanders can sift their main effort • Surfaces are hard spots-strength • Gaps are soft spots- enemy weaknesses
COMBINED ARMS • *Maximize combat power, we must use all available resources to our advantage • *For the enemy to counteract one, the enemy must become more vulnerable to another
VIOLENCE • Greatest horrors known to humanity • Should never be “romanticized” • Is an essential element of war, its immediate result is bloodshed, destruction, and suffering • Fear has a significant impact on the conduct of war. War is a human phenomenon
DANGER • Violent enterprise, danger is ever present • Leaders must foster courage to over come fear • Experience • Self-confidence, experience, and unwillingness to violate the respect and trust of peers helps Marines to overcome fear
PHYSICAL, MORAL,AND MENTAL FORCES • Physical characteristics: • Loss of material, life • Terrain lost or gained • Supplies • Prisoners or materiel captured • *Equipment capabilities, supplies,forced rations are examples
Physical, Moral, and Mental Forces • Moral forces: • Emotion • Fear • Courage, • Morale • Esprit
*Mental forces: • Ability to grasp complex battlefield situations • Effective estimates • Calculations • Decisions • Devise tactics and strategies
INITIATIVE AND RESPONSE • All actions are based on taking initiative or response • Its through initiative that we impose our will on the enemy • Reacting to the response to the opponent by negating, blocking, or counterattacking the enemy’s intention • Counter-punch
A warfare philosophy that seeks to shatter the enemy’s cohesion through a variety of rapid, focused, and unexpected actions which create a turbulent and rapidly deteriorating situation with which the enemy cannot cope.
A devise designed to help subordinates understand the larger context of their actions.