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RTC-Mon

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RTC-Mon

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  1. RTC-Mon Enabling High-Speed and Extensible Real-TimeCommunications Monitoring Diego Costantini, Felipe Huici [costantini|huici]@nw.neclab.eu

  2. Motivation • Internet as medium for real-time communications like VoIP has grown significantly over the past years • However best-effort model not well-suited to these sort of applications • Need real-time monitoring in order to • ensure good service quality • take corrective action should service degradation occur

  3. Monitoring Difficulties • Real-time monitoring is difficult • System often has to correlate signaling and media streams • Connections tend to use dynamic ports • Monitoring in real-time results in non-trivial performance requirements • In the case of VoIP, the abundance of small packets exacerbates this problem

  4. State of the Art • Current software solutions insufficient • Limited monitoring capabilities, not easy to extend • Long development time • Not efficient enough to track traffic in real-time • Hardware solutions are inflexible and hard to extend • Need a general monitoring framework that • provides basic VoIP monitoring capabilities in order to reduce development time • is easily extensible • is efficient enough to cope with demands of real-time traffic monitoring

  5. RTC-Mon: The Real-Time Communications Monitor Framework Implemented over Linux Consists of: Extended PF_RING with plugin architecture SIP and RTP plugins Event-based user-level library Also implemented VoIP Console Proof-of-concept monitoring application Small, quick to develop (800 lines of code) Can track numerous VoIP statistics VoIP console custom application APPS USER SPACE libvoip libpfring RTC-MON FRAMEWORK RTP plugin custom plugin SIP plugin KERNEL SPACE extended PF_RING network interfaces

  6. Extended PF_RING • PF_RING • Linux kernel module providing new type of socket • Yields high performance • Can be used with any network card • Extended PF_RING • Has plugin architecture • Includes IP defragmentation VoIP console custom application APPS USER SPACE libvoip libpfring RTC-MON FRAMEWORK RTP plugin custom plugin SIP plugin KERNEL SPACE extended PF_RING network interfaces

  7. Extended PF_RING • Each PF_RING socket has set of rules • Processed sequentially • Each rule has • a filter • a plugin ID to send packets to • an action ID which decides what to do after plugin processes packet • Filter can be hash or wild-card based • Hash: can be used to track flows (RTP plugin) • Wildcard: more flexible (match all UDP packets to one port) VoIP console custom application APPS USER SPACE libvoip libpfring RTC-MON FRAMEWORK RTP plugin custom plugin SIP plugin KERNEL SPACE extended PF_RING network interfaces

  8. Libvoip VoIP console custom application APPS USER SPACE libvoip libpfring RTC-MON FRAMEWORK RTP plugin custom plugin SIP plugin KERNEL SPACE extended PF_RING • User-level, event-based library • Extensible, can support other, non-VoIP applications • Made of a dispatcher and trackers • Dispatcher • receives packets from plugins and decides which trackers to send them to • Trackers • Combine information from several plugins to monitor a specific characteristic of the traffic • Can perform further analysis, parsing and can keep state • Library is extended by writing custom trackers network interfaces

  9. Libvoip VoIP console custom application APPS USER SPACE libvoip libpfring RTC-MON FRAMEWORK RTP plugin custom plugin SIP plugin KERNEL SPACE extended PF_RING • Implemented two trackers • UserTracker, uses SIP information to keep track of SIP users • CallTracker, combines SIP/RTP data to monitor call information network interfaces

  10. VoIP Console • Proof-of-concept monitoring application • Only 800 lines of code, short development time • Uses UserTracker, CallTracker and SIP/RTP plugins • Despite small size, can still track large number of statistics VoIP console custom application APPS USER SPACE libvoip libpfring RTC-MON FRAMEWORK RTP plugin custom plugin SIP plugin KERNEL SPACE extended PF_RING network interfaces

  11. Evaluation: Testbed • IXIA 400 generates up to 50,000 concurrent trash UDP flows • VoIP traffic generator replays VoIP trace • Trace has 1,000 calls each lasting 30 seconds VoIP console custom application APPS USER SPACE libvoip libpfring RTC-MON FRAMEWORK RTP plugin custom plugin SIP plugin KERNEL SPACE extended PF_RING network interfaces

  12. Performance • Focus is on RTP traffic • puts larger strain on system than SIP • Measure improvement in CPU usage from performing data analysis in kernel VoIP console custom application APPS USER SPACE libvoip libpfring RTC-MON FRAMEWORK RTP plugin custom plugin SIP plugin KERNEL SPACE extended PF_RING network interfaces

  13. Performance • Measure monitoring performance for 50,000 flows and varying number of RTP rules (flows) VoIP console custom application APPS USER SPACE libvoip libpfring RTC-MON FRAMEWORK RTP plugin custom plugin SIP plugin KERNEL SPACE extended PF_RING network interfaces

  14. Performance • Rule reconfiguration times VoIP console custom application APPS USER SPACE libvoip libpfring RTC-MON FRAMEWORK RTP plugin custom plugin SIP plugin KERNEL SPACE extended PF_RING network interfaces • In worst-case (2 msec) a single G.711 or G.729 packet would go untracked

  15. Conclusions • Presented RTC-Mon • Framework for quickly developing real-time monitoring applications • Easily extensible, can support future applications • Performs well even under heavy loads and small packet sizes • Future work • Additional plugins (RTSP, RTCP, MPEG-7?) • Distributed monitoring • Track SIP/RTP flows traversing different paths