Benchmark Review- #2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

benchmark review 2 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Benchmark Review- #2 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Benchmark Review- #2

play fullscreen
1 / 68
Benchmark Review- #2
122 Views
Download Presentation
ginger
Download Presentation

Benchmark Review- #2

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Benchmark Review- #2 Spring 2014

  2. Reread Excerpt from My Uncle Jules p. 4

  3. 14. What is ironic about the event that leads the family to go on the trip to Jersey? • They were poor but decided they should to anyway. • They hated Jersey but went to celebrate the wedding. • They went to celebrate a wedding that happened because of Jules’ letter. • They didn’t know that Uncle Jules would be on the boat to Jersey.

  4. Irony

  5. Different Types of Irony • Irony is the broadest class of figures of thought that depend on presenting a deliberate contrast between two levels of meaning. • Dramatic Irony: the audience knows something the characters do not • Verbal Irony: implying a meaning different from the one that is explicitly stated (sarcasm) • Situational Irony:

  6. 14. What is ironic about the event that leads the family to go on the trip to Jersey? • They were poor but decided they should to anyway. • They hated Jersey but went to celebrate the wedding. • They went to celebrate a wedding that happened because of Jules’ letter. • They didn’t know that Uncle Jules would be on the boat to Jersey.

  7. 14. What is ironic about the event that leads the family to go on the trip to Jersey? • They were poor but decided they should to anyway. • They hated Jersey but went to celebrate the wedding. • They went to celebrate a wedding that happened because of Jules’ letter. • They didn’t know that Uncle Jules would be on the boat to Jersey.

  8. 15. Which quote best*demonstrates Maupassant’s use of sensory language? • “He spread about him that odor of benzene which always made me recognize Sunday…” • “An old, ragged sailor was opening them with his knife and passing them to the gentlemen…” • “They ate them in a dainty manner, holding the shell on a fine handkerchief and advancing their mouths…” • “My father addressed him ceremoniously, and questioned him about his profession…” **ALWAYS pay attention to the use of best

  9. What is sensory language? The use of detail of the five senses to add color and depth in writing. Sensory Words

  10. 15. Which quote best demonstrates Maupassant’s use of sensory language? • “He spread about him that odor of benzene which always made me recognize Sunday…” • “An old, ragged sailor was opening them with his knife and passing them to the gentlemen…” • “They ate them in a dainty manner, holding the shell on a handkerchief and advancing their mouths…fine ” • “My father addressed him ceremoniously, and questioned him about his profession…”

  11. 15. Which quote best demonstrates Maupassant’s use of sensory language? • “He spread about him that odor of benzene which always made me recognize Sunday…” • “An old, ragged sailor was opening them with his knife and passing them to the gentlemen…” • “They ate them in a dainty manner, holding the shell on a fine handkerchief and advancing their mouths…” • “My father addressed him ceremoniously, and questioned him about his profession…”

  12. 16. In paragraph 19, what is the meaning of the word *rogue? • Beggar • Thief • Scoundrel • Fisherman *ALWAYS go back and find the word in the passage!

  13. 16. In paragraph 19, what is the meaning of the word rogue? • Beggar • Thief • Scoundrel • Fisherman

  14. 16. In paragraph 19, what is the meaning of the word rogue? • Beggar • Thief • Scoundrel • Fisherman

  15. REVIEW OF VOCABULARY IN CONTEXTTECHNIQUES Becoming a wordsmith…

  16. Definition Clues • Writers define a word right after they use it • They use words and phrases such as: • Means • Is • Refers to • Are called

  17. Example of Definition Clues Coronarefers to the outermost part of the sun’s atmosphere. Signal word Definition

  18. Synonym Clues Writers provide a synonym or brief phrase to define the word or one that is similar to the new word. The synonym can appear in the same sentence, in an earlier sentence, or later sentence.

  19. Example of Synonym Clues Betsy took a break from teaching to serve in the Peace Corps. Despite the hiatus, Betsy’s school was delighted to hire her when she returned. Synonym

  20. Example Clues • Writers often include examples to help explain a word. • Examples can be introduced with words such as: • Like • Such as • For example • Including

  21. Example of Example Clues In the past month, we have had almost every type of precipitation, includingrain, snow, sleet, and hail. Signal word Examples

  22. Contrast Clues • You can determine the meaning of an unknown word from an antonym—a word or phrase that has the opposite meaning. • Contrasts can be introduced with words such as: • But • Though • Whereas

  23. Example of Contrast Clues Although Liz felt sad and depressed, most of the graduates were elated. Signal Word Antonym

  24. Inference Clues Inference is used to figure out the meaning of an unknown word by using logic and reasoning skills. Itis like asking yourself, “What is the author trying to say?”

  25. Example of Inference Clues On hot, humid summer afternoons, I often feel languid. Hot summer afternoons drain energy and make people lazy Inference clues

  26. Read “No Boundaries…” p. 10

  27. 19. In paragraph 1, what is the effect of the author’s use of the word boundaries? • To emphasize the author’s ability to overcome challenges • To introduce the idea of many obstacles to success • To describe the way the author felt about her life • To persuade the reader that the author is at a disadvantage

  28. 19. In paragraph 1, what is the effect of the author’s use of the word boundaries? • To emphasize the author’s ability to overcome challenges • To introduce the idea of many obstacles to success • To describe the way the author felt about her life • To persuade the reader that the author is at a disadvantage

  29. 19. In paragraph 1, what is the effect of the author’s use of the word boundaries? • To emphasize the author’s ability to overcome challenges • To introduce the idea of many obstacles to success • To describe the way the author felt about her life • To persuade the reader that the author is at a disadvantage

  30. Reread “Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation” p. 14

  31. 26. In paragraph 1, what is the meaning of the word infamy? • Peace • Disbelief • Honor • Atrocity

  32. 26. In paragraph 1, what is the meaning of the word infamy? • Peace • Disbelief • Honor • Atrocity

  33. 26. In paragraph 1, what is the meaning of the word infamy? • Peace • Disbelief • Honor • Atrocity

  34. 27. In paragraph 2, what is the meaning of the word solicitation? • Peacefulness • Request • Sorrow • Hostility

  35. 27. In paragraph 2, what is the meaning of the word solicitation? • Peacefulness • Request • Sorrow • Hostility

  36. 27. In paragraph 2, what is the meaning of the word solicitation? • Peacefulness • Request • Sorrow • Hostility

  37. 28. What is the best statement of the central argument of the speech? • The US was suddenly and deliberately attacked by the Empire of Japan. • The US can be confident in the might of its armed forces and its determination • The attack by Japan should be considered the beginning of a state of war • The people of the US have already formed opinions about the attack.

  38. How do you find the central argument? Look for the claim (thesis) of the argument. This can be at the beginning or end of the speech and sometimes it is implied while other times it is explicitly stated. Argument breakdown: - claim - warrants - impact.

  39. PRACTICE

  40. What type of appeal is being used?

  41. PATHOS: Emotional Appeal • Stir emotions • Speak to readers’ hearts • Remind you of deeply held values

  42. Which type of appeal is being used? President Nelson Mandela, wearing a Springboks cap and shirt, presents the Rugby World Cup to South African captain FranciosPienaar in June 1995 Post- Apartheid

  43. ETHOS: Ethical Appeal • Support the writer’s character, credibility and goodwill

  44. LOGOS: Logical Appeal • Use facts and evidence • Viewed as especially trustworthy

  45. PRACTICE with Argumentation • Read “The Gettysburg Address” and answer questions

  46. 28. What is the best statement of the central argument of the speech? • The US was suddenly and deliberately attacked by the Empire of Japan. • The US can be confident in the might of its armed forces and its determination • The attack by Japan should be considered the beginning of a state of war • The people of the US have already formed opinions about the attack.