The Bottle and the Balloon Created By Amy Taylor Hazelwood Central High School To Activity To Teacher Page
Teacher Page • Grade Level: 10 • MAP Content Standard: • The learner will be able to use the particulate model to describe how atoms or molecules interacting during a change of state impact the properties of a substance • Specifically, in this activity the students will predict the behavior of a gas when exposed to a change in temperature and the effect on volume.
Tips • Preview this activity before using it in your classroom. • Your students should already be familiar with kinetic molecular theory and the behavior of gases prior to the presentation of this activity. • Journaling • This activity was intended to be used in conjunction with journaling. • The notebook icon will prompt the students when to journal in their notebooks.
Focus on the process of problem solving with your students…they need to understand not only the facts, but the reasoning behind them. Have them write their thoughts on paper and then discuss them as a class.
The Bottle and the Balloon Kinetic Molecular Theory is based on three assumptions: 1. All matter is composed of small particles (atoms, ions, molecules). 2. These particles are in constant motion. 3. All collisions between these particles are perfectly elastic (no change in total kinetic energy as a result of the collision).
In this activity you will need to use your knowledge of Kinetic Molecular Theory and the behavior of gases to hypothesize the outcome of a scenario.
Observe the following demonstration... • A small amount of water is heated in a flask with a bunsen burner.. • After the water has boiled vigorously, it is removed from the heat and a balloon is immediately stretched over the mouth of the flask. Hypothesize about what will happen to the balloon.
IT BLEW UP!! Explain why this occurred on a molecular level.
The increase in heat from the bunsen burner changes the LIQUID water into water VAPOR which pushes the air out of the flask. When the balloon is placed over the lip of the flask, the air cannot re-enter. The balloon is filled with water vapor particles escaping from a liquid state to the gaseous state and exerting pressure on the balloon. Before After
What do you think will happen as that same flask cools back to room temperature?
Discuss your hypothesis and the actual result as a class.