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The Ten Commandments or “Ten Words”

The Ten Commandments or “Ten Words”

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The Ten Commandments or “Ten Words”

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  1. The Ten Commandmentsor “Ten Words” Dr. Charles M. Rix Oklahoma Christian University Austin Graduate School of Theology Spring 2015 2

  2. Necessary Interruption

  3. The Flow of Exodus

  4. The “new” identity To you there are no other gods No idols No lifting up the name of YHWH to emptiness Remember the Sabbath and keep it separate (holy) Honor Father and Mother No murder No stealing No adultery No bearing false witness Do not covet

  5. Exodus 20:8-11 Remember the Sabbath day, and keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. But the seventh day is a Sabbath to YHWH your God; you shall not do any work—you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. For in six days YHWH made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore YHWH blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it.

  6. Exodus 20:8-11 Remember the Sabbath day, and keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. But the seventh day is a Sabbath to YHWH your God; you shall not do any work—you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. For in six days YHWH made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore YHWH blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it.

  7. The “stop” day Remember the stop-day, and keep it separate. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. But the seventh day is a stop-day to the Lord your God; you shall not do any work—you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. For in six days the Lord make heaven and earth, the sea and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the stop-day and mare it separate.

  8. The “TOTALITY” of the Honor and Shame System • Males: • protection of property • Maintaining control over women’s sexuality • Women: • maintenance of sexual purity • Ability of women’s family (men) to protect her sexuality Time: Business as usual

  9. Other To Be Seen YHWH Time: Business as usual • Non-property owning males • Foreigners / aliens • Wives of property owning males • Unmarried women • Children not yet of marrying age • Orphans • The “handicapped” Property OwningMales Women

  10. “Here I am”: The face of YHWH” YHWH Here I am Time: Business as usual • Non-property owning males • Foreigners / aliens • Wives of property owning males • Unmarried women • Children not yet of marrying age • Orphans • The “handicapped” Property OwningMales Women

  11. The Decalogue: Towards an Ethic of Disruption YHWH “Here I am” The “Other(s)” “Here I am” Time: Business as usual Sabbath Sabbath: the disrupting event Self “Here I am”

  12. “Here I am”: The face of the Other YHWH Women Property OwningMales Here I am Here I am Here I am Time: Business as usual Sabbath • Non-property owning males • Foreigners / aliens • Wives of property owning males • Unmarried women • Children not yet of marrying age • Orphans • The “handicapped” Here I am

  13. Towards an “Ethic of Disruption”Facing “The Other” in Responsibility You shall have no other gods [before my face]. You shall not make yourself images. You shall not lift up the name of Yahweh to emptiness Honor your father and your mother. You shall not kill. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife / house. YHWH Remember the Sabbath and Keep it Holy OTHER

  14. On the stop-day An interruption of the “daily grind” Everyone rests from performance in social roles Remembering what God had done Enactment of the “new identity”

  15. The “heart” of a new identity You shall not wrong or oppress a resident alien, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt. (22:21) You shall not oppress a resident alien; you know the heart of an alien, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt. (23:9)