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Josiane Masson, DG ENV.D4 15/01/2014

Earth Observation potential for environmental policy making?. Josiane Masson, DG ENV.D4 15/01/2014. Environment policy making depends on timely, accurate info on the state of Earth and predictions about its future

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Josiane Masson, DG ENV.D4 15/01/2014

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  1. Earth Observation potential for environmental policy making? Josiane Masson, DG ENV.D4 15/01/2014

  2. Environment policy making depends on timely, accurate info on the state of Earth and predictions about its future Combined with 'in situ' data space EO can provide information on the state and evolution of land, atmosphere and oceans Data collected and information can help better understanding the earth system – weather, climate, oceans, land, geology, natural resources, ecosystems and natural and human-induced hazards Added value of EO: Greaterdetails – spatial dimension thangroundobservation alone Consistent time-seriesacrossborders for evaluating changes and impact of environmentpolicies and cross-comparison Overview EO potential

  3. They need information which is already ‘aggregated’: environmental incators, statistics, thematic maps Sometimes gap to be filled between observation data and policy needs Need to accurate, up to date, reliable and sustainable information – times series essential for change detection and analysing the impact of policies Different sources are considered and combined.. In situ observations: accurate but heavy collection, many data sources – continuity and harmonisation a key issue Earth observation: spaceborne but also airborne, UAVs... Other data: from citizens, Ngos, social networks, Internet.... Policy makers need information on the state an changes of our environment

  4. EO can provide input for environmental policy making cycle… Designinganddevelopingpolicy, e.g. withbetterdata on stateofenvironmentandchanges, esp. long-term trends Implementation ofpolicy, support, wherewanted, MS monitoring/reportingobligations Reviewingeffectivenessofpolicy, check compliance, assessmentsofimpacts – havechangeshappened? Data forindicators on thestateofenvironment, e.g. State ofEcosystemandBiodiv SEBI, beyond GDP …. Information tothepublic (+authorities), e.g. airquality, oil /chemicalspills Overview EO potential

  5. EO can support the 7th EAP (EU environmental Action Plan to 2020) at various level 9 Priority objectives 3 Thematic: Natural capital Resource efficient, low-carbon growth Health & environment The 7th EAP Screening EO potential 4 'Enabling': Implementation Knowledge/evidence base Investment Integration 2 'Spatial': Urban environment International

  6. Priority objective 1: to protect, conserve and enhance the EU's natural capital Main messages Better implement existing legislation and strategies New element: the degradation, fragmentation and unsustainable use of land in the EU is jeopardising the provision of several key ecosystem services, threatening biodiversity and increasing Europe’s vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters => future action (and targets) on soil and on land as a resource 7th EAP: soils & land

  7. From global… …to pan-European… …to local

  8. Need forGlobal Scale Information • Global Impact of European activities (e.g. Tourism, Trade, Raw Material, Biofuels…) …. footprint • International Treaties & Monitoring under Conventions (Desertification, Climate, Biodiversity) • European impact on Global environment + vice versa (emerging economies) • Important to have information on Land cover/use changes at global level • Support especially for • Land degradation/ Desertification / Droughts / Food security • Global Biodiversity and reduction of its loss • Deforestation (FLEGT, REDD+, LULUCF,..)

  9. Need for Continental Information • European overview needed, across frontiers, interest in high resolution land cover and land cover change products for a number of policies, e.g. - soil: e.g. soil sealing, urban sprawl, contamination, degradation - water: WFD, Floods Dir., Nitrates Dir. “Blueprint for water“ - biodiversity: concept of green infra- structure, „Strategy 2020“ - forests: „Green Paper“ on European monitoring etc. -> Pan-European Land cover products derived from Earth Observation: Corine Land Cover, new 'High Resolution' Copernicus land cover products

  10. “Zooming in”: Hotspot Information Information about areas of special interest; e.g. trends / changes; setting benchmarks for policy Ex: Copernicus 'local' component providingperiodic information • -> Urban Atlas: Larger Urban Zones (EU Regional policy part of Copernicus local component) • -> Biodiversity component • -> Further extension to other areas of interest: Natura 2000 sites, coastal areas

  11. Habitats change Changes in habitats in Austria

  12. Monitoring water habitats Lake turbidity

  13. Copernicus atmospheric services Forecast of nitrogen dioxide (μg/m3) 300 200 150 100 75 50 40 30 20 10 5 2 0 - An individual regional forecast can provide a fine-scale depiction of plumes, modulated by the daily cycle of the pollutant - Models help to quantify the relative importance of local emission sources and transboundary air pollution.

  14. Marine (myOcean): Eutrophication

  15. Chlorophyll Surface Chlorophyll A

  16. Thanks for your attention!

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