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England and France Develop PowerPoint Presentation
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England and France Develop

England and France Develop

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England and France Develop

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  1. England and France Develop

  2. England (Early Invasions) • Vikings (Danish) • Alfred the Great turns back Vikings • England United under 1 rule • “Land of the Angles” • 1016 – Danish king conquered England • Molds Anglo-Saxons and Vikings together

  3. England (Norman Conquest) • William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy) • William invades England • Battle of Hastings • Normans win • William declares England his property

  4. Battle of Hastings • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oLy1LskT6Y8

  5. Battle of Hastings Map

  6. England Evolves • English Kings want 2 things • Add to French Land • Strengthen power over nobles and Church

  7. England Evolves • Henry II • Marries Eleanor of Aquitaine (From France) • Vassal to French king, but also a king himself

  8. Juries and Common Law • Loyal People – 12 neighbors of the accused who answered royal judge’s questions • Only King’s court could conduct • Common Law – Unified body of law from rulings of England’s royal judges

  9. Magna Carta • John “Softsword” • Lost Normandy and Northern France • Cruel to Subjects • Alienated from Church • His nobles revolted and had him sign Magna Carta

  10. Magna Carta • June 15, 1215 – Nobles forced John to agree • Safeguard noble’s feudal rights and limits kings powers

  11. Magna Carta • Later- Applied to every citizen • No Taxation without representation • Trial by jury • Protection of the law

  12. Model Parliament • Edward I needs $ for war – raised Parliament • Meets at Westminster • House of Commons (knights and burghers) • House of Lords (nobles and bishops)

  13. France • 1000 – 47 Feudal territories

  14. Hugh Capet • Began Capetian Dynasty • Weak rulers at first • Paris – Good for trade • Power spread outward

  15. Philip II – Powerful Capetian • Ruled 1180-1223 • Willing to do whatever for power • Increased territory of France • Normandy • 3X land under his control • Wanted stronger central gov’t • Sent bailiffs to collect taxes in every district

  16. Louis IX (Grandson of Philip II) • Ruled 1226-1270 • Ideal king (very religious) • Made French appeals court • Strengthened monarchy • Weakened Feudal ties

  17. Philip IV – Ruled 1285-1314 • Feud with Pope • Pope refused to allow priest to pay taxes • Philip called meeting of lords and bishops (commoners were included)

  18. Estates General • 1st Estate – Church • 2nd Estate – Great Lords • 3rd Estate – Commoners (Wealthy landowners, merchants)