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Perfect Tense verbs

Perfect Tense verbs

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Perfect Tense verbs

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  1. Perfect Tense verbs Cheri Cosnowski

  2. Tenses for Perfect verbs • We already learned that verbs can be written in 3 tenses: • Past • Present • Future • The forms that we learned already are called simple verbs, but verbs can be written in different forms to tell more about the action using helping verbs and different forms of the verb.

  3. An overview of verb tenses • There are 4 basic ways to write verbs. • 1. Simple Verbs – Past, present, future – Just plain actions verbs • 2. Perfect tenses – Past Perfect, Present Perfect and Future Perfect – You will be using specific helping verbs and a form of the verb called the past participle (-ed). • 3. Progressive tenses also known as continuous tense – Past Progressive, Present Progressive and Future progressive – You will be using specific helping verbs with the present participle form of the verb. • 4. Past Perfect Progressive and Future Perfect Progressive

  4. This PowerPoint will discuss #2 perfect tense – Past, Present, and Future Perfect • 2 things to remember about Perfect Tense verbs are that….. • 1. Always use the past participle (-ed) or irregular verb (even in the present and future tense). • 2. You only use: • Had – past • Have/has – Present • Will have - Future

  5. Let’s start with Past Perfect

  6. Past Perfect • To create the Past Perfect form of the verb, use the helping verb had with the past tense form of the verb you use with a helping verb. This is called the Past Participle. Watch out for irregular forms of the verb. You often have to change the word completely • You create the past participle form of a verb by adding -ed to the ending of the word or using the irregular past tense form of the verb that you’d use with a helping verb. • Planned (R) • Begun (Ir)• Thought (Ir) • Created (R) • Bent (Ir) • Walked (R) • Sung (Ir) • brought (Ir) • Washed (R)

  7. Examples of Past perfect phrases both regular and irregular verbs • had planned• had begun• had thought • had created • had bent• had walked • had sung• had brought• had washed

  8. Practice for Past Perfect • Write the following sentences in past perfect. Be sure to use had along with the past participle. • 1. She ran the race. • 2. The child walked down the street before visiting a friend. • 3. Our dishwasher broke before dinner. • 4. She ate a yummy cake before the movie.

  9. Present Perfect

  10. Present Perfect • This form indicates that the action had started sometime in the past and is ongoing into the present time. The present perfect is formed by combining the helping verbs have or has with the past participle form of the verb. • You create the past participle form of a verb by adding -ed to the ending of the word or using the irregular past tense form of the verb. • Planned • Begun •Thought • Created • Bent • Walked • Sung • brought • Washed

  11. Examples for Present Perfect Verb phrases • Have walked/has walked • Have woken/ Has woken • Have swum/ Has swum • Have planned/ Has planned • Have bought/ Has bought • Have washed/ Has washed

  12. Practice Sentences for Present Perfect • Change the verb to Present Perfect. Use has/have with the past participle. • 1. She learnsto speak Russian. • 2. I don't believe we meet. • 3. You change so much! • 4. She breaks the glass.

  13. Future Perfect

  14. Future Perfect • The future perfect verb tense is the pastparticipleverb used with will have or shall have. • Remember that creating the pastparticle tense of a verb adds –ed to the ending of most verbs or using the irregular form of some verb. • Planned • Begun • Thought • Created • Bent • Walked • Sung • brought • Washed

  15. Future Perfect Examples • Will have planned • Will have begun • Will have thought • Will have created • Will have bent • Will have walked • Will have sung • Will have brought • Will have washed

  16. Practice for Future Perfect • Write each sentence using the future perfect form of the verb. Use will have with the past participle. • Example: I receive my promotion. – I will have received my promotion. • 1. I taketen tests. • 2. She cleans the entire house. • 3. I amin London for six months by the time I leave.

  17. Recap • Always use the past tense form of the verb along with a helping verb • Past Perfect – had • Present Perfect – have or has • Future Perfect – will have