What is mental health? • Mental health means striking a balance in all aspects of your life: social, physical, spiritual, economic and mental. Reaching a balance is a learning process.
Mental Illness • Mental illnesses are medical conditions that disrupt a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, ability to relate to others, and daily functioning. • Just as diabetes is a disorder of the pancreas, mental illnesses are medical conditions that often result in a diminished capacity for coping with the ordinary demands of life.
Facts about mental illness • The World Health Organization has reported that four of the 10 leading causes of disability in the US and other developed countries are mental disorders. By 2020, Major Depressive illness will be the leading cause of disability in the world for women and children. • •Without treatment the consequences of mental illness for the individual and society are staggering: unnecessary disability, unemployment, substance abuse, homelessness, inappropriate incarceration, suicide and wasted lives; The economic cost of untreated mental illness is more than 100 billion dollars each year in the United States.
•Over 50 percent of students with a mental disorder age 14 and older drop out of high school—the highest dropout rate of any disability group • •Twenty- four percent of state prisoners and 21 percent of local jail prisoners have a recent history of a mental health disorder. Seventy percent of youth in juvenile justice systems have at least one mental disorder with at least 20 percent experiencing significant functional impairment from a serious mental illness.
•Individuals with serious mental illness face an increased risk of having chronic medical conditions. Adults with serious mental illness die 25 years younger than other Americans, largely due to treatable medical conditions. • •Suicide is the eleventh leading cause of death in the U.S., and the third leading cause of death for ages 10 to 24 years. More than 90 percent of those who die by suicide have a diagnosable mental disorder.
Mental Health Professions • Psychiatrist • A licensed physician who can prescribe medication, and can have people admitted to hospitals.
Psychologist • Health professional who has a Ph.D. in Counseling or clinical psychology. They are trained in various types of therapy. Can do individual and group counseling sessions.
Social Worker • Health professional who has a Masters' Degree. A profession or work of providing people in need with social services.
Counselor • Health professional with a Master's Degree in counseling or psychology. Advisor on personal problems.Somebody who helps others with personal, social, or psychological problems.
2 types of mental illnesses: • ANXIETY DISORDERS and MOOD DISORDERS.
ANXIETY DISORDERS • A group of illness that have in common persistent feelings of tension, uneasiness, or apprehension, plus physical symptoms.
Examples of ANXIETY DISORDERS: • General Anxiety Disorder • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder • Phobias • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
MOOD DISORDERS • A disorder in which a person undergoes mood changes that seem inappropriate or extreme
Examples of MOOD DISORDERS: • Depression • BiPolar (or Manic Depressive ) Disorder • Seasonal Affective Disorder • Suicide
Project • 8 groups – limit of 4 people