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Water Crisis in Kenya

Water Crisis in Kenya

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Water Crisis in Kenya

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  1. Water Crisis in Kenya Team III James Chukinas Jr. David Joel Schoor Cohen Jonathan Robert Basso ShengZheng Engineering Design 100 Section 203

  2. Table of Contents • Why are we here? • Defining the need • Background Information • Brainstorming for Ideas • Design Matrices • The Final Solution(s) • Drawings • Cost Analysis • Business Opportunity • Concluding Remarks

  3. Why Are We Here? • Many villages in Kenya and the rest of Africa lack adequate water access • Propose ideas and possible design solutions to meet customers needs • Help these kids succeed

  4. Defining the need • Need for adequate water for irrigation and personal uses • Need for socioeconomic success • Need for sustainability • Need for profitability (For us and the Kenyans)

  5. Current Living Conditions • 1 million people out of 33 million in Kenya have access to clean water • In Nyeri, poor people pay about 12 cents for 20 liters of water

  6. Average Weather Conditions • Lamuria, Kenya • Semi-Arid Central Highlands • 200-300mm of Yearly Rain

  7. Design Specifications

  8. Brainstorming for Ideas

  9. Water Catchment Rainwater Groundwater

  10. Water Storage Personal Community

  11. Drip Irrigation: • Up to 50% Water Reduction • Avoids watering weeds • Adapts easily to changes in landscape • Reduces erosion on slopes

  12. Additional Ideas: • Drainage ponds • Lined with clay • Trenches dug on sloped surfaces to catch runoff • Used for irrigation purposes

  13. Design Matrix I: First Shots

  14. Design Matrix II: Final Round

  15. Weighted Matrix

  16. The Final Solution(s)

  17. Combined Systems Approach • Combine catchment, storage and usage designs • Large rooftop catchment system • Personal water storage basin • Efficient Drip/Wastewater irrigation system • Construct out of clay or other readily available material

  18. Rainwater Catchment + Tank • High capacity tank meant for long term storage of water for multiple uses • Gutter • Material: Affordable plastic gutter with UV protection • Storage Tank • Material: Aluminum or Plastic (Possibly Clay if meant for agriculture)

  19. Personal Water Storage Basin • Meant for personal usage • Little materials needed to make • 55 gallon barrel • hose • Fills off of rooftop catchment system • Meets sustainability requirements

  20. Drip Irrigation System • Utilizes wastewater and runoff • Buckets and Gravity do work of watering soil • 200 Feet of Poly Micro Tubing • Cut holes 10”-12” apart • Hose (200 ft. = $10) • Buckets ( $2.55)

  21. CAD Drawings: Rooftop Catchment

  22. CAD Drawings: Drip Irrigation

  23. Cost Analysis • 300 Gallon Tank: $300 (per house) x 2 • Personal Rain Barrel: $20 (per person) x 10 • Leaders and Gutters: $200 (per house) x 2 • Irrigation System: $7.55 (per 100ft.) • Shipping of Materials: $150 • Total Cost of Project: $1450

  24. A Business Opportunity • Profitable • Individual storage basins can be made and sold by Kenyans • Labor is readily available

  25. Future Possibilities • Expansion of village from 10 to 300 • Profitable Business • Helping Nation live sustainably • Help people become self sufficient and achieve success

  26. In Summation… • Maximize water storage and acquisition through: • Personal Water Storage Basin • Drip Irrigation • Rainwater Catchment • Provide a sustainable water supply and potential business opportunity for both us and the Kenyan people

  27. Give these kids a Future!

  28. Questions?