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Signs, Signals and Roadway Markings

Signs, Signals and Roadway Markings

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Signs, Signals and Roadway Markings

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Signs, Signals and Roadway Markings Chapter 2

  2. Traffic Signs • Regulatory Signs – tell you laws you must obey • Examples: Stop Sign, Yield, Do Not Enter, Speed Limit, One Way, etc. • Warning Signs – alert you of conditions ahead • Most are diamond shaped • Most black on yellow • Examples: Pedestrian Crosswalk, School Signs, Stop Ahead, Yield Ahead, Intersection/Curve ahead • Construction Signs – orange alerts you to construction and maintenance ahead

  3. Traffic Signs continued • Guide Signs – tell you where you are and how to get to where you are going • Route Markers – Ex. Interstate and Route signs • Destination & Distance – always green • Ex: mile markers and exit signs • Zero usually starts at the south and western parts of a state • Parks & Recreation – always brown • Service – always blue Ex. Rest Areas, Food & Gas

  4. Shapes of Signs • Octagon – 8 sided – red - stop • Three sided – red & white -Yield • Round – black on yellow - railroad • Diamond – yellow, yellow-green or orange – warning • Pentagon – 5 sided – old school house – school zone or school crossing • Pennant – black on yellow – No passing zone • Square or Rectangle – regulatory or guide sign

  5. Color of Signs • Red – regulatory • Black & White – some regulatory other route markers • Yellow – warning • Orange – construction • Green – guide • Blue – service guide • Brown – parks & recreation

  6. Traffic Signals • Red – stop at marked line/crosswalk/before entering the intersection • Yellow – warns the signal is changing to red • Green – go after yielding to pedestrians or vehicles in intersection • Right on Red – complete stop, yield right of way to pedestrians and oncoming traffic • Left on Red – turning from a one-way street onto another one-way street • Flashing Light • Red – just like stop sign – also used at RR crossings • Yellow – proceed with caution

  7. Traffic Lights continued • Arrows • Red Arrow – don’t make the movement shown by the arrow • Yellow Arrow – green arrow ending • Green Arrow – yield and go in the direction arrow is pointing • Lane Signals – often used on expressways • Red X – never drive in this lane • Yellow X – will be changing to red • Green Arrow – lanes may be used

  8. Pavement Markings • Yellow Broken Line – two way traffic • Drivers may pass only when traffic is not coming in the opposite direction • Yellow Sold Line – two way traffic • Drivers may not pass • May turn left across a solid yellow line after yielding • Two Way Left Turn Lanes – yellow lines & white arrows • Can’t make left turn from any other lane if a turn lane is provided • Can’t drive in this lane unless preparing to turn left

  9. Pavement Markings continued • White Solid Lines – separates traffic moving in same direction • Single Solid White Line - Crossing is discouraged • Solid Double White Lines crossing is prohibited • Broken White Lines – crossing is permitted when passing or turning • Rumble Strips – short sections of corrugated road • Warn drivers of dangerous intersections, toll plaza’s, edge of road • Large X and two RR – railroad crossing ahead