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Motivational Interviewing

Motivational Interviewing

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Motivational Interviewing

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  1. Motivational Interviewing

  2. Objectives • Explore Motivational Interviewing (MI) and its application in coaching. • Analyze the 4 MI general principles. • Incorporate nonviolent communication in coaching practice.

  3. MI is a “gentle” form of counseling to effect behavioral changes related to lifestyle. It is not directive, but taps into the individual’s motivation to change.

  4. Guiding Principles • 1. Expressed Empathy • Listen to story • Resist trying to “fix” • Avoid confusing pity and sympathy with empathy

  5. Guiding Principles • 2. Develop Discrepancy between current behaviors and desired goals and values. • Explore how they can reach these goals using open ended questions. • Reflection

  6. Guiding Principles • 3. Roll with Resistance • People don’t resist change so much as being changed. • Explore barriers • The client has all the answers • Avoid • advising • educating • consoling • correcting • explaining • interrogating

  7. Guiding Principles • 4. Support self-efficacy to initiate and sustain change

  8. Grace • Generate a gap—between current behaviors and stated values and interests • Roll with resistance—seek to clarify, reinforce client’s role as a problem-solver • Avoid argumentation—promotes resistance • Can do—increase client perception as capable, offer options, instill hope, affirm positive statements • Expressed empathy—create sacred space to explore difficulty issues, reflective listening

  9. Decisional balance

  10. Readiness Ruler

  11. WAIT • WHY • AM • I • TALKING

  12. Nonviolent communication • Values and honors our common humanity in such a way that there is no need for language of blame, judgment or domination.

  13. 4 elements of NVC