Module 2: Figurative Language Mrs. Snyder Presents Figurative Language in ENGLISH 2 OCS
What is Figurative Language Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
Types of Figurative Language • Imagery • Simile • Metaphor • Personification • Alliteration • Allusion
Imagery • Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. • Sight • Hearing • Touch • Taste • Smell
Examples of Imagery • A river, for example, could be described as “icy cold” evoking to the sense of touch. Or it could be described as “deep blue, reflecting the clouds on its tranquil surface,” evoking the sense of sight. The river could also be described as “having a pungent odor, produced by the decaying vegetation clustered on its banks,” evoking the sense of smell. Or we could describe our river as “rumbling loudly through the forest,” evoking the sense of hearing. Our river waters could also be described as “fresh and pure, a refreshing drink on a hot day,” evoking the sense of taste.
Simile • A SIMILE uses the words like or as to make a comparison • Example: I am hungry as a horse! • Example: I swim like a fish!
Metaphor • A figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as. Example: The inside of the car was a refrigerator.
Personification • A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. Example: “The wind yells while blowing." The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.
Alliteration • Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Example: She was wide-eyed and wonderingwhile she waited for Waltertowaken.
Allusion • an implied or indirect reference especially in literature • "This homework is interfering with my pursuit of happiness," I'd be alluding to the Declaration of Independence, because "pursuit of happiness" is in the Declaration of Independence