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Spanish- Hernando de Soto

Spanish- Hernando de Soto

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Spanish- Hernando de Soto

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  1. Georgia History: GPS- SS8H1Evaluate the Development of Native American Cultures and the Impact of European exploration On Ga. Native American Cultures. B. Evaluate the impact of European Contact on Native Cultures; Spanish Missions along the Barrier Islands and Hernando de Soto. C. Explain reasons for European exploration and settlement of North America, with emphasis on the interests of the French, Spanish, and British in the southeastern area.

  2. Spanish- Hernando de Soto • 1540 1st European to explore interior of Ga. • Looking for Gold • Helped conquer Inca’s in Peru before Ga. • Landed in Florida’s Western Gulf Coast. • Proceeded Northward through Georgia and into S.C., N.C., Tenn.- back into North Ga., then Alabama and Miss. ( See Map) • De Soto died near Miss River where his fellow “ Conquistadors” sank him to the bottom of the River.

  3. Desoto’s Expedition

  4. de Soto’s Conquest • 1538 Left Cuba with 600 followers. • On his trail ( the “Conquistadors” met various Mississippian Indian tribes. • Forcibly took supplies and food from tribes. • No Gold or Silver Found. • Half of the 600 died from disease, exposure, or Indian attacks. • *Many Indians killed in battle, enslaved, exposed tonew diseases- many now dead. • Smallpox, chicken Pox, measles. • *Weapons and disease nearly wipe out Indian population.

  5. Interaction

  6. Diseases

  7. Small Pox

  8. Spanish Missions In Georgia • Mission- church outpost • Spain built missions on Fl. And Ga. Coast. • Friars lived and worked at the missions. • Friar- Church Missionaries. • Also served as trading outpost between Spanish and Native Americans. • Missions not always welcome by Natives. • Several Friars died in Indian revolts. • Missions served as churches, trading posts, and forts • *Reason for missions- conversion to Christianity of native Americans ( Catholic) • *Placed on coast to keep the French away

  9. Spanish Missions

  10. Decline of Spanish Missions in Georgia • Indian Chiefs had autonomy over the Friars. • But, Indians were obligated to repartimiento - Indians forced to work on Plantationsfor cheap trade items. ( forced relocations) • Many died from disease or exhaustion. • Indian population levels drop dramatically. • Slave revolts, Population decline, and Pirate raids from the sea all pushed to end the Spanish Mission system in Ga. • 1684- Spanish Missions in Ga. ended.

  11. Reasons for Colonization