PORTUGAL vs MOROCCO in THE BATTLE OF THE THREE KINGS at KSAR EL KEBIR on 04 AUG 1578 by - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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PORTUGAL vs MOROCCO in THE BATTLE OF THE THREE KINGS at KSAR EL KEBIR on 04 AUG 1578 by PowerPoint Presentation
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PORTUGAL vs MOROCCO in THE BATTLE OF THE THREE KINGS at KSAR EL KEBIR on 04 AUG 1578 by

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  1. PORTUGAL vs MOROCCO in THE BATTLE OF THE THREE KINGS at KSAR EL KEBIR on 04 AUG 1578 by MAJ Martin Farenfield

  2. KSAR EL KEBIR 1578

  3. Sultan Abd el Malik vs Dom Sebastiao Sultan Moulay Mohammed (deposed)

  4. OUTLINE • HISTOY UP TO 1578 • a. Portugal • b. Spain • c. Morocco • d. Warfare in the 16th century • 2. THE CAMPAIGN • a. Strategic goals • b. Diplomacy • c. Assembly of the Army • d. Deployment • e. Battle • 3. CONCLUSIONS

  5. OUTLINE • HISTORY UP TO 1578 • a. • b. Spain • c. Morocco • d. Warfare in the 16th century • 2. THE CAMPAIGN • a. Strategic goals • b. Diplomacy • c. Assembly of the Army • d. Deployment • e. Battle • 3. CONCLUSIONS Portugal

  6. 711 1085 1128 Guimaraes

  7. 1128 1147 Guimaraes 1249 1385 1394 Lisbon

  8. DYNASTY OF AVIS KINGS OF PORTUGAL 1384 - 1578 JOAO I 1384-1433 HENRIQUE *1394 +1460 DUARTE 1433-1438 AFONSO V 1438-1481

  9. 1472-1510 MOROCCAN COASTLINE LISBON MADEIRA& AZORES 1420-1427 CEUTA 1415 CAPE BOJADOR 1434 GOA 1510 CABO VERDE 1444 SENEGAL 1436 INDIA 1498 SAO TOME & RINCIPE 1471 EAST AFRICA, PERSIAN GULF, INDIA 1505 BRASIL 1500 CAPE OF GOOD HOPE 1487

  10. Goa Cathedral, built 1562-1619

  11. 1472-1515 MOROCCAN COASTAL TOWNS JAPAN 1549 LISBON MADEIRA& AZORES 1420-1427 CEUTA 1415 MACAU 1557 CAPE BOJADOR 1434 GOA 1510 CABO VERDE 1444 SENEGAL 1436 SAO TOME & RINCIPE 1471 INDIA 1498 INDONESIA 1511 EAST AFRICA, PERSIAN GULF, INDIA 1505 BRASIL 1500 CAPE OF GOOD HOPE 1487

  12. JOAO I 1384-1433 DYNASTY OF AVIS KINGS OF PORTUGAL 1384 - 1578 DUARTE 1433-1438 HENRIQUE *1394 +1460 AFONSO V 1438-1481 DYNASTY OF HABSBURG KINGS OF SPAIN JOAO II 1481-1495 MANUEL I 1495-1521 CARLOS V & ISABELLE HENRIQUE REGENT 1557-1568 KING 1578-80 CATARINA & JOAO III 1521-1557 FELIPE II & MARIA 1556-1598 JUANA & JOAO + 1554 +1554 SEBASTIAO *1554 1557-1578 + 1578

  13. DOM SEBASTIAO *1554 1568-1578

  14. OUTLINE • HISTORY UP TO 1578 • a. Portugal • b. • c. Morocco • d. Warfare in the 16th century • 2. THE CAMPAIGN • a. Strategic goals • b. Diplomacy • c. Assembly of the Army • d. Deployment • e. Battle • 3. CONCLUSIONS Spain

  15. 1519

  16. JOAO I 1384-1433 DYNASTY OF HABSBURG KINGS OF SPAIN DUARTE 1433-1438 HENRIQUE *1394 +1460 AFONSO V 1438-1481 JOAO II 1481-1495 MAXIMILIAN DUKE OF AUSTRIA MARIA & MANUEL I 1495-1521 CARLOS I & ISABELLE HENRIQUE 1578-80 CATARINA & JOAO III 1521-1557 FELIPE II & MARIA 1556-1598 JUANA & JOAO FERDINAND DUKE OF AUSTRIA & KING OF BOHEMIA SEBASTIAO *1554 1557-1578 FELIPE III 1598-1621

  17. Phillip II of Spain * 1527 ruled 1556-1598

  18. OUTLINE • HISTORY UP TO 1578 • a. Portugal • b. Spain • c. • d. Warfare in the 16th century • 2. THE CAMPAIGN • a. Strategic goals • b. Diplomacy • c. Assembly of the Army • d. Deployment • e. Battle • 3. CONCLUSIONS Morocco

  19. 1062 1160 1169 MARRAKECH

  20. 1513 1515 1524 1541

  21. 1541

  22. 1541 1549 1550

  23. THE SAADIANS SULTANS OF MOROCCO 1524-1650 Mohammed as Sheik 1539-52 Al Ghalib 1552-73 Abd el Malik 1575-78 Ahmed “El Mansour” 1578-93 Moulay Mohammed 1573-75

  24. Sultan Abd el Malik1575-78

  25. 1571 ISTANBUL

  26. OUTLINE • HISTORY UP TO 1578 • a. Portugal • b. Spain • c. Morocco • d. • 2. THE CAMPAIGN • a. Strategic goals • b. Diplomacy • c. Assembly of the Army • d. Deployment • e. Battle • 3. CONCLUSIONS Warfare in the 16th century

  27. 16th CENTURY WEAPONS & WARFARE Pike Arquebuse Sword Artillery guns

  28. OUTLINE • HISTORY UP TO 1578 • a. Portugal • b. Spain • c. Morocco • d. Warfare in the 16th century • 2. THE CAMPAIGN • a. • b. Diplomacy • c. Assembly of the Army • d. Deployment • e. Battle • 3. CONCLUSIONS Goals

  29. DOM SEBASTIAO *1554 1568-1578

  30. OUTLINE • HISTORY UP TO 1578 • a. Portugal • b. Spain • c. Morocco • d. Warfare in the 16th century • 2. THE CAMPAIGN • a. Goals • b. • c. Assembly of the Army • d. Deployment • e. Battle • 3. CONCLUSIONS Diplomacy

  31. OUTLINE • HISTORY UP TO 1578 • a. Portugal • b. Spain • c. Morocco • d. Warfare in the 16th century • 2. THE CAMPAIGN • a. Strategic goals • b. Diplomacy • c. • d. Deployment • e. Battle • 3. ANALYSIS Assembly of the armies

  32. Portuguese Navy: 600 ships Portuguese Army: 16,500 2000 Heavy Cavalry, mostly noblemen 2000 Castillian Infantry 3000 German Infantry 600 Italian Infantry 8000 Portuguese Infantry (draftees) 36 Artillery pieces 600 Light Cavalry, (Moulay Mohammed) 1100 Wagons 9000 Civilians (pages, servants, wagon drivers, slaves, mule drivers, woman, preiests and bishops, royal poet) Moroccan Army: 58,000 36,000 Regular Light Cavalry 10,000 Regular Infantry 15,000 Tribal Light Cavalry 26 Artillery

  33. OUTLINE • HISTORY UP TO 1578 • a. Portugal • b. Spain • c. Morocco • d. Warfare in the 16th century • 2. THE CAMPAIGN • a. Strategic goals • b. Diplomacy • c. Assembly of the armies • d. • e. Battle • 3. CONCLUSIONS Deployment