Phonics for ESLLearners
English Alphabet has: 44 sounds 26 letters
Bb-bee Bat web bib box bun bye /b/ voiced
Cc-cee cat cent cider cost cuss /s/ or /k/ unvoiced
The Letter Cc • C is always sounded like k or s—like k before a, o, and u—and like s before e, i and y. Thus, • ca, ce, ci, co, cu, cy. ka, se, si, ko, ku, sy. • At the end of words it is always hard like k, and in public. When followed by i, or e before vowels the syllable slides into the sound of sh; as in cetaceous, gracious, social, which are pronounced cetashus, grashus, soshal.
Dd-dee dam dent dot mud /d/ voiced
Ff-ef fan Fence wiff of fun /f/ unvoiced
The Letter Ff F has its own proper sound, as in life, fever, except in of, where it has the sound of v.
game leg go gut Gg-gee /g/ voiced
The Letter Gg G before a, o, and u, has always its hard sound, as in gave, go, gun. Before e, i, and y, it has the same hard sound in some words, and in others, the j. But these varieties are incapable of being reduced to a single rule, and are to be learnt only by practice, observation, and a dictionary, in which the sounds are designated.
Hh-aytch hat hem hit hot hunt /h/ unvoiced
The Letter Hh H can hardly be said to have any sound, but it denotes an aspiration or impulse of the breath, which modifies the sound of the following vowel, as in heart, heave.
Jj-jay jam jest jim job jump /j/ voiced
The Letter J J is the mark of a compound sound, or union of sounds, which may be represented by dzh, or the soft g, as in jelly.
Kk-kay ask keep kit kung fu /k/ unvoiced
The Letter Kk K has but one sound, as in king; and before the n is always silent, as in know.
Ll-el lab leg lip gold gull /l/ voiced
Mm-em map met dim mom mud /m/ voiced
Nn-en nap net con nun /n/ voiced
Pp-pee pat pet pop cup /p/ unvoiced
Qq-cue quart queen quiet quote /kw/ voiced
The Letter Qq Q has the power of k, and is always followed by u, as in question.
Rr-ar car red rid rope rut rye /r/ voiced
Ss-es sap yes some sun busy /s/ or /z/ unvoiced
The Letter S S has the sound of c as in so, of z, as in rose —and when followed by i, preceding a vowel, the syllable has the sound of sh, as in mission; or zh as in osier.
Tt-tee tap pet tip cot turn /t/ unvoiced
The Letter T T has its proper sound, as in turn, at the beginning of words and ends of syllables. In all the terminations tion, and tial, ti have the sound of sh as in nation, nuptial; except when preceded by s or x, in which cases they have the sound of ch, as in question, mixtion.
Vv-vee vast very vine love /v/ voiced
The Letter Vv V has uniformly one sound, as in voice, live, and never silent.
Ww-double u water dew win sow wuss /w/ voiced
The Letter Ww W has the power of a vowel, as in dwell; or a consonant, as in well, will.
Xx-eks exam ax x-ray sax /ks/ /gz/ unvoiced
The Letter Xx X has the sound of ks as in wax; or gz, as in exist, and in other words, when followed by an accented syllable beginning with a vowel. In the beginning of Greek names, it has the sound of z, as in Xerxes, Xenophon.
Yy-wi yam yes yield you /y/ voiced
The Letter Yy Y is a vowel at the end of a word- as in vanity; a dipthong- as in defy; or a consonant at the beginning of a word- as in young.
Zz-zed zoo zebra zany zero buzz /z/ voiced
Aa Short vowel /ă/ cat map that -a
Aa Short vowel /ă/ bald tall what cost not -aw
Ee Short vowel /ĕ/ egg met bend deck -eh
Ii Short vowel /i/ ink pig rid -ih
Oo Short vowel /ŏ/ dog frog log -oh
Short vowel /oo/ Oo look book stood bush full -ooh
Uu Short vowel /ŭ/ cut luck bug -uh
Lesson 1 ba be bi bobu by cace* ci* co cu cy* da de di do du dy fafe fi fofufy kakekikokuky Gagegi go gugy
Short a vs. short u cat ket kit cot cut bad bed bid bod bud bag beg big bog bug
Lesson 2 ha he hi ho huhy ma me mi mo mu my na ne ni no nu ny ra re rirorury ta teti to tuty wa we wiwowuwy
Lesson 3 la le li lo luly pa pe pi popupy sa se si so susy zazezizozuzy
Short Vowel Sounds bag big bog bug den cap bit dot fag dig dog dug hen gap citgot cag fig fog hug men lap hit hot gag gig hog lug pen map pit jot hag pig jog mug ten rap sit lot rag wig log tug wen tap wit not
Short Vowel Sounds man fob bad bed bid fop bet but can job had fed did hop get cut pan mob lad led lid lop let hut ran rob mad red hid mop met nut van sob sad wed rid top yet putt
Lesson 4 abebibobub ac ecicocuc ad ed id od ud afef if of uf al el ilolul