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Phonics for EFL

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  1. Phonics for EFL Using phonics to develop literacy and pronunciation skills in the EFL classroom Karen Elliott 2014

  2. Talk Overview Introduction Consonants Vowels Irregular spellings (tricky words) Wrap up

  3. Introduction: A phonics journey... Introduce yourself to your partner or group… and say one thing you know about phonics

  4. Phonics is... • the relationship between the spoken and written language • sound-spellingpatterns • the Alphabetic Code • alternative spellings for the same phonemes • ‘tricky’ words (words that don’t follow the patterns)

  5. Listen and say the words you hear • 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8

  6. tick tock knock cluck splash crunch moo drip beep • One sound can be represented with one letter (a grapheme), two letters (a digraph) – or more. • Blending sounds makes words. • Sounds can be long or short. • Short vowel sounds are usually represented with one letter and long vowel sounds are usually represented by two (or more).

  7. The English Alphabetic Code: Consonants with major alternative spellings

  8. The English Alphabetic Code: Consonants with major alternative spellings

  9. Consonants: alternative spellings • cat – kick • flower – phonics • nest – know • right – write • jam – giraffe – orange – bridge • chips – pitch • went – when • sun – city • zoo – legs – cheese

  10. w wh Super Minds 2

  11. Kid’s Box 2

  12. 1. Alternative spelling pattern for the ‘f’ sound. Kid’s Box 3

  13. f ph f f ph ph f Kid’s Box 3

  14. The English Alphabetic Code: Consonant pairs (voiced and unvoiced)

  15. Unvoiced / voiced consonant pairs • pet – bet • came – game • tent – dent • fan – van • cheap – jeep • seal – zeal • fashion – fusion • breath – breathe

  16. Super Minds 3

  17. 2. Voiced / unvoiced consonant pair ‘f’ and ‘v’. Super Minds 3 WB

  18. v v f f f f v ff Super Minds 3 WB

  19. One spelling pattern, two sounds. 3. Complete the sentences. Colour the voiced ‘th’ sound blue and the unvoiced ‘th’ sound yellow.

  20. One spelling pattern, two sounds. 3. Complete the sentences. Colour the voiced ‘th’ sound blue and the unvoiced ‘th’ sound yellow.

  21. Blending f r Friendly blends (initial position)

  22. br cr dr fr gr tr thr pr Super Minds 2

  23. Super Minds 2

  24. dr br br tr dr gr cr Super Minds 2

  25. 4. The Friendly Blenders Game: initial blends ...also br, cr, pr, thr, bl, cl, fl, gl, pl, sl, sc, sk, sm, sn, sp, st, squ, scr, spl, spr, str

  26. 4. The Friendly Blenders Game: initial blends ...also br, cr, pr, thr, bl, cl, fl, gl, pl, sl, sc, sk, sm, sn, sp, st, squ, scr, spl, spr, str

  27. Vowels short and long sounds long sounds: monophthongs or diphthongs

  28. The English Alphabetic Code: Vowels with main alternative spellings

  29. Short vowel sounds • There are seven short vowel sounds • a, e, i, o, u... • /ʊ/ foot; put • /ǝ/ father; a, the

  30. 1. Complete and say the words containing short vowels.

  31. 1. Complete and say the words containing short vowels.

  32. Long vowel sounds ten long vowel sounds alternative spellings same spellings, different pronunciations

  33. KB2 PBp8 KB1PBp8

  34. The ai / ay sound say day play May rain train tail wait name game cake plane

  35. The ai / ay sound 2. Find the words in the snake snakedayraincakelatesaytail Complete the sentences We saw a big snakeat the zoo. How do you ______ that in English? I’m sorry I’m _______ for class. I like _________ but I don’t like cheese. A monkey has got a long ________. ‘What _____ is it?’ ‘It’s Monday.’ It’s cloudy today. It’s going to ________.

  36. The ai / ay sound 2. Find the words in the snake snakedayraincakelatesaytail Complete the sentences We saw a big snakeat the zoo. How do you say that in English? I’m sorry I’m late for class. I like cake but I don’t like cheese. A monkey has got a long tail. ‘What dayis it?’ ‘It’s Monday.’ It’s cloudy today. It’s going to rain.

  37. The ee sound see tree bee week read team seaeat these theme scene

  38. 3. The ee sound + tricky words me, we, he, she and be

  39. 3. The ee sound + tricky words me, we, he, she and be

  40. The ie sound my try fly cry pie tries flies cries like bike fine mine highnightright

  41. The ie sound

  42. The ie sound pie 4. Circle the words with the ie / y / i_e / igh spellings pieflylightrideprizericecrynightpinebike pine

  43. The ie sound 4. Circle the words in the snake pie fly light ride prize rice cry night pine bike

  44. The oa sound boat coat goal road note nose phone home show grow slow know

  45. 5. Change the words to make the long oa sound e.g. sock – soak not ______ got _______ rod _______ / _______ hop _________ rob _______ cot ________ clock ________

  46. 5. Change the words to make the long oa sound e.g. sock – soak not note got goat rod road / rode hop hope rob robe cot coat clock cloak

  47. Kid’s Box 2 p28

  48. Kid’s Box 2 p58

  49. 6. Same spelling, different sounds: Colour the words yellow or brown: know – now – show – slow – down – town – own – cow