Today you will learn about the infamous… Art Viewing Guide
How to Do an… Find in caption Physical:where it is, surrounding (more important for sculpture) Cultural Context: story behind the work, purpose, etc. List what is in the picture Draw image Identify: tell what you’re talking about and where it is Describe: tell how it is used Explain: tell what affect that has on the viewer or why you think the artist did it that way Do “Identify, Describe, Explain” for each element or principle Choose ONEthing to talk about on each element or principle, but go into detail using “Identify, Describe, Explain” technique. THIS WHOLE PAGE SHOULD BE COVERED WITH WRITING WHEN YOU ARE DONE.
Title: The Arnolfini PortraitArtist: Jan van EyckDate: 1434Place: National Gallery, London, EnglandStyle: PortraitMedia: Oil on Wood www.westcler.org/gh/curlessmatt/arthistory/section12a.ppt -
Sketch: www.westcler.org/gh/curlessmatt/arthistory/section12a.ppt - Who is the subject?
Cultural Context • Northern Renaissance Art • Painted in the Netherlands • Narrative • Meant to document impt. historical event: marriage • Why important? • Netherlands just as good as Italy • 2 impt. people painted by the most important local artist • record of their marriage (legal document) • Commentary on obligations of 15th century marriage What does this painting say about marriage in the 15th century?
www.westcler.org/gh/curlessmatt/arthistory/section12a.ppt - Close up of candle
www.westcler.org/gh/curlessmatt/arthistory/section12a.ppt - Close up of mirror
Line • Identify: • All lines in painting going towards the mirror • Describe: • Straight, implied lines of linear perspective • Explain: • Lines bring focusto the mirror (vanishing point) • Shows technical expertise, legal document, and Christianity of home
Color • Identify: • Giovanna’s dress • Describe: • Complimentary colors of the red and green bring out the green of her dress. Draws audience’s eye • Explain: • Green symbolizes fertility, sexuality • Shows her role is to have babies • Yes! Green but no baby
Form • Identify: • Glass of mirror; half sphere • Describe: • Convex • Explain: • Shows technical expertise, legal document
Texture • Identify: • Arnolfini’s Coat the trim • Describe: • Smooth, soft, etc. • Explain: • Shows how he made his money
Space • Identify: • Positive Space of Arnolfini’s • Describe: • the Arnolfini’s take up most of the area allowed for the painting. • They have positive space. • Explain: • they are the subject
Balance • Identify: • symmetrical balance • Describe: • Left side- the window and Giovanni are weighted evenly with the bed and Giovanna on the right side of the painting • Explain: • shows both individuals as being equal
Contrast • Identify: • oranges below window • Describe: • orange color and brown color contrast • sphere contrasts with rectangular prism • Explain: • makes the oranges stand out • shows Arnolfini’s wealth
Rhythm/Repetition • Identify: • puppy • Describe: • Repeated lines, texture, color creates a rhythm • Explain: • shows the movement within the puppy’s fur • shows van Eyck showing off
Emphasis • Identify: • Giovanni’s shoes • Describe: • value is used to emphasize Giovanni’s shoes • the shoes and area around it have more light • Explain: • shows Giovanni’s a man of the world (compare to where Giovanna’s shoes are)
Unity • Identify: • 2 most important elements that tie the work together • line/space • Describe: • the lines of the painting draw the audience’s eye through the painting and to a central point • space- clearly shows the subject of the painting • Explain: • makes the audience see this painting as both legal and spiritual