BioMedicalTherapy By: Connor Sloan and Katie Trusty
What are the goals of Bio Medical Therapy? • Biomedical therapy is used for people who are suffering from clinical health problems. The major theory behind this therapy is that pain is directly linked to a biological dysfunction and by treating this dysfunction the pain will disappear(VMC 2010).
Required Diagnosis • Many disorders can be treated with Bio Medical Therapy such as: • Autism • Parkinson’s Disease • Schizophrenia • Depression • And many more
Therapy Choices • The main three Bio Medical therapies include • Psychopharmacology • Electroconvulsive Treatment • Psychosurgery
Psychopharmacology • The field of psychopharmacology studies a wide range of substances with various types of psychoactive properties. • Psychopharmacology is used by Psychiatrists to try and cure or help psychotic disorders
Psychopharmacology Continued • Drugs are prescribed to change brain chemistry, anti depressants and antipsychotics are an example. • Some brand name drugs include • Xanax • Prozac • Ziprexa • Clozaril • And thousands more
Electroconvulsive Treatment • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a procedure in which electric currents are passed through the brain (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2010). • This procedure deliberately triggers a brief seizure. Electroconvulsive therapy causes changes in brain chemistry that can immediately reverse symptoms of certain mental illnesses. • It often works when other treatments are unsuccessful.
Psychosurgery • Psychosurgery, also called neurosurgery for mental disorder (NMD), is the neurosurgical treatment of mental disorder. • Psychosurgery is a collaboration between psychiatrists and neurosurgeons. • Psychosurgery is a “Last Resort” to helping psychological issues
Psychosurgery Continued • Psychosurgery is used to treat advanced cases of Schizophrenia, Depression, OCD, and many other psychological disorders. • The most common types of psychosurgery in current or recent use are capsulotomy, cingulotomy, subcaudatetractotomy and limbic leucotomy • About one third of patients report improvements to their conditions after surgery
Problems with Bio Medical Therapy • Antidepressants are being overprescribed in the US • According to a CNN census from 1998 to 2008 the rate of anti depressant prescriptions has rose 48%. • "Doctors are now medicating unhappiness," stated a CNN correspondent. "Too many people take drugs when they really need to be making changes in their lives”(CNN).
Well known patients of Bio Medical Therapy • Jim Carrey-Prozac • Antidepressants • Rosey O’ Donnell- Inversion Therapy • A form of ECT • Pete Wentz- Lorazepam • Antidepressants
Sources • Cohen, Elizabeth . (Producer). (2010). Cdc: antidepressants most prescribed drugs in the u.s.. [Web]. Retrieved from http://articles.cnn.com/2007-07-09/health/antidepressants_1_antidepressants-high-blood-pressure-drugs-psychotropic-drugs?_s=PM:HEALTH • Dr. Alta , A. Smit. (n.d.). Metabolic disease. Retrieved from http://www.encognitive.com/files/Metabolic%20disease.pdf • Mayo Clinic Staff, Initials. (2010, July 09). Electroconvulsive therapy (ect). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/electroconvulsive-therapy/MY00129 • Meyers, D.G. (2007). Behavior Therapies. In C. BRune, & N. Fleming (Eds.). Psychology Eighth Editions (pp.712-713.). New York: Worth. • PlanetPsych, Initials. (1999). Biomedical therapy. Australia: PlanetPsych. • Schimelpfeing, Nancy. (2007). Pete wentz admits he has bipolar disorder. Retrieved from http://depression.about.com/b/2007/08/07/pete-wentz-admits-he-has-bipolar-disorder.htm • Schimelpfening, Nancy. (2007). Does rosieo'donnell's inversion therapy help depression?. Retrieved from http://depression.about.com/b/2007/03/19/does-rosie-odonnells-inversion-therapy-help- depression.htm • VMC, Initials. (2010). Biomedical therapy. Australia: Virtual Medical Centre.