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ORGANIZATIONAL SET UP OF Financial Institutions PowerPoint Presentation
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ORGANIZATIONAL SET UP OF Financial Institutions

ORGANIZATIONAL SET UP OF Financial Institutions

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ORGANIZATIONAL SET UP OF Financial Institutions

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  1. ORGANIZATIONAL SET UP OF Financial Institutions

  2. Functions of Financial Institutions 1. Aids the flow of capital 2. Credit allocation 3. Provides economies of scale and scope 4. Satisfies the needs of general public 5. Provides specialization and expertise 6. Assists asset transformation 7. Offers INTERMEDIATION
  3. Intermediation The process of transforming a secondary security into a primary security by a financial institution. It relates to financial investments by savors
  4. Dis-intermediation The process of reversing or rejecting the transfer of funds into the financial institutions. This refers to the low deposit interest rates or high operating costs charge to customers.
  5. Illustration of Disintermediation The removing of Middlemen The dis- or re-channeling funds flow from the FI Changing Role to the Servicing of Markets Security Investments Mutual Funds Insurance
  6. Types of Intermediation 1. Liquidity 2. Maturity 3. Denomination 4. Risk
  7. Types of Financial Institutions By Banking Business Nature: Banks Non-Banks Non-Finance
  8. By Business Operations: Thrift type Contractual type Investment type Other type
  9. Thrift-type Financial Institutions Banks: Commercial Banks Savings Banks Investment Banks (Merchant Banks) etc Non-Banks: Deposit-taking Company, Savings and Loan, Home Loans, Building Society, Credit Unions
  10. Contract-type Financial Institutions Insurance Companies: Life Insurance Accident and Healthy Insurance Pension Funds: Mandatory Providence Funds Retirement Funds/Pension Funds
  11. Investment-type Financial Institutions Investment Companies: Closed-end Investment Companies - Investment Brokers Open-end Investment Companies - Mutual Funds/Unit Trust Real Estate Trust Investment Companies
  12. Other Financial Institutions Finance Companies Factors Companies Lease Companies Mortgage Companies Credit Card Companies Non-finance Financial Institutions: General Electric, Ford Motors, Toyota Motors wholesalers, Manufactures, Department Stores
  13. Why Financial Institutions? Fulfill economic goals Reduce transaction and information costs Provide liquidity Prevent risks As transmission of monetary policy Provide payment mechanism Supply credit allocation
  14. Analysis of Financial Institutions 1. Transaction Costs 2. Information Asymmetry -- Moral Hazard 3. Financial Risks 4. Financial Innovation
  15. Solution Information Asymmetry--Moral Hazard: Information Symmetry and Full Disclosure Regulation Reform Financial Intermediation Financial Risks: Risk Management and Control Burden Administration
  16. Solutions Financial Innovations: Enhance Internal Control-- Planning, Control, and Administration Tighten Asset Management and Quality Modernized Operation System Strengthen Regulation and Monitoring
  17. Duties of the Management of Financial Institutions 1. Determining the optimal capital structure Assets, Liabilities, and Capital 2. Managing interest rate/currency/credit risks 3. electing/Pricing investments and liabilities Maturity Matching, Profit Making 4. Operating effectively Information Processing Communication Technology