Download
rallying the troops and gaining support n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Rallying the Troops and Gaining Support PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Rallying the Troops and Gaining Support

Rallying the Troops and Gaining Support

127 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Rallying the Troops and Gaining Support

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Rallying the Troops and Gaining Support

  2. Propaganda as a Tool of War • Propaganda was used to PERSUADE people to SUPPORT the war. • Appeared in a variety of media: films, magazine articles, radio programs, political speeches, and posters. • Was made to appeal to a sense of patriotism in the people and to encourage them to join the army, buy victory bonds, use less fuel, eat less meat, and support the government in any way. • WORKED: 80% of the Canadian men in WWI were VOLOUNTEERS. • Propaganda also spouted ETHNOCENTRIC ideas about Germans being terrible beasts. • Propaganda also minimalized the amount of casualties in the war and made it seem less horrible then it was.

  3. The Halifax Disaster • Dec. 6, 1917 • The MONT BLANC, a French vessel carrying more than 2500 tonnes of dynamite accidentally collided with another ship. • The collision caused an explosion so powerful that it devastated Halifax’s harbour and much of the city. • Between 2000 and 3000 people were killed in the explosion or the fires that followed. • More than 10,000 were injured.

  4. The Conscription Crisis • Most people believed that the war would end soon after its outbreak in 1914. • However, by 1917, there was a CRISIS. Not enough men were signing up to fight to replace the many thousands of Canadian men killed and the many thousands wounded. • Prime Minister Borden had promised that there would be NO CONSCRIPTION: Compulsory enlistment for military service. • David Lloyd George, the British Prime Minister, convinced Borden that more men would be needed and that conscription was necessary. • BORDEN THEN INTRODUCED the MILITARY SERVICES ACT, which would require compulsory enlistment. • At first, there were exceptions for men who were disabled, the clergy, those with essential jobs, and CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS: Those who did not believe in the war on religious grounds.

  5. Those Who Object • The lowest levels of recruitment came from QUEBEC. Few French recruits spoke English and few officer corps spoke French. • Relations between French and English speakers were also quite strained due to the issues having to do with French Canadian rights. • Majority of French Canadians do not feel patriotic toward France or Britain because their ancestors had come to Canada generations before. • Saw the MILITARY SERVICES ACT as a way to force them into war. • FARMERS ALSO HATED CONSCRIPTION: They needed their sons and hired workers to do the work on the farm and felt that their contributions of FOOD was enough for the war effort. • THE LABOUR MOVEMENT: Middle class workers, particularly the COAL MINERS OF VANCOUVER ISLAND resisted conscription. They were making very little already and if they were sent to war-they would make less.

  6. Canada’s Election • In the face of HUGE OPPOSITION to the war, PRIME MINISTER BORDEN decided to call an election over the issue of CONSCRIPTION. • Prior to announcing the election, BORDEN passed two new pieces of legislation designed to ensure his RE-ELECTION. • 1. MILITARY VOTERS ACT: This Act allowed the men and women overseas to vote. • 2. WARTIME ELECTIONS ACT: Gave the vote to all Canadian women directly related to servicemen. • THE ABOVE ACT WOULD ALSO CANCEL THE VOTE FOR ALL CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS and IMMIGRANTS who had come from enemy countries in the last 15 YEARS. • Borden also made a COALTION GOVERNMENT with the LIBERALS who favored conscription. They made a WARTIME UNION GOVERNMENT. • THE UNION GOVERNMENT WON THE ELECTION with the support of the armed forces and those who were related to them. (women)

  7. DISCRIMINATION • Anger and resentment stirred up by the conscription debate remained. • In Quebec, French Canadians demonstrated against CONSCRIPTION. • French Canadians were taunted for not enlisting. • MANY ANTI-CONSCRIPTION RIOTS TOOK PLACE • Conscription went ahead however, and of the 404,000 men across Canada who were forced to enlist, 380,500 applied for EXEMPTIONS. • In the end 130,000 were enlisted.