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Introduction to Film

Introduction to Film

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Introduction to Film

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  1. Introduction to Film Silent Movies

  2. 1895 Birth of Cinematography • Robert W. Paul invented the film projector • First public showing in 1895 • Movies were shown in: • Storefront spaces • Traveling exhibitions • Vaudeville

  3. 1895 Birth of Cinematography Early Films: • Under a minute • Usually a single scene • authentic or staged • everyday life • public event • sporting event • slapstick • No editing • No camera movement

  4. 1895 Birth of Cinematography • One of the most popular short films: • Sally Rand, The Fan Dance • An exotic dancer and actress.

  5. Silent Era 1895-1927 A Trip to the Moon (1902) • Georges Méliès • Directed & Starred • Paris stage magician • Pioneered many of the basic special effects used in movies • Increased the length of movies to fifteen minutes

  6. Silent Era 1895-1927 The Great Train Robbery (1903) • Edwin S. Porter, Director • Thomas Edison, Producer • First Western • Emphasized the shot, rather than the scene

  7. The Great Train Robbery (1903) • Filmed in New Jersey • Included shot of a bandit shooting at the audience • Audiences at the time would usually scream in fear, then laugh in relief

  8. Boom in nickelodeons (the first permanent movie theaters) 10,000 in the U.S. by 1908 Standard length of a film remained one reel (ten to fifteen minutes) Silent Era 1895-1927

  9. Silent Era 1895-1927 The Birth of a Nation (1915) • First full length film (190 minutes) • Director D.W. Griffith

  10. Birth of a Nation (1915) • Pioneered cinematic techniques • Jump-cut • Close-ups • Introduced cinematic innovations • Documentary • Mobile cameras

  11. Birth of a Nation (1915) • "Top 100 American Films" (# 44) by the American Film Institute • In its day, the highest grossing film, taking in more than $10 million at the box office • ($210 million) • In 1992 the United States Library of Congress deemed it "culturally significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.

  12. Silent Era 1895-1927 • U.S. produced an average of 800 silent films a year • The comedies of Charlie Chaplin • Swashbuckling adventures of Douglas Fairbanks • Romances of Clara Bow

  13. Talking Pictures 1927 • Turning point came in 1927 • Warner Brothers Studios released The Jazz Singer • First synchronized dialogue (and singing) in a feature film.