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ADVANCES IN MEDICINE

ADVANCES IN MEDICINE

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ADVANCES IN MEDICINE

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  1. ADVANCES IN MEDICINE • Medicine in the late middle ages dominated by ancient Greek thought = Galen • Galen’s influence on medieval medicine included • Anatomy • Physiology – functioning of the body = 2 blood systems • Disease – treatment of imbalances of the 4 humors -> bleeding and purging

  2. PARACELSUS • Diagnosis and treatment of disease • Renames himself “greater than Celsus” • Calls himself “monarcha medico rum” = the monarch of physicians • New “Chemical Philosophy”

  3. VESALIUS • Modern anatomy • Author of – On Anatomical Procedures, and On the Fabric of the Human Body • Practical research on human anatomy • “hands-on” approach to anatomy

  4. WILLIAM HARVEY • Circulation of the blood • Author of – On the Motion of the Heart and Blood • His ideas based on observation and experiments • heart not liver circulates blood • not two types of blood • blood makes complete circuit of body

  5. WOMEN IN THE ORIGINS OF MODERN SCIENCE • Margaret Cavendish -> engaged in sci. debates/attacked the idea that man can control nature • Maria SibyllaMerian -> studied bugs • Maria Winkelmann -> women astronomer, rejected by the Berlin Academy Margaret Cavendish Maria Winkelmann

  6. “ QUERELLES DES FEMMES” • “ARGUMENTS ABOUT WOMEN” • Women seen as lower, easily persuaded, sinful, temptresses • Woman begin to attack these ideas -> we can think and reason and benefit from education • Men said for a woman to be educated she had to be like a man • Science used to reaffirm/reinforce old stereotypes about women • Anatomy “proved” were designed to make babies not think