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Sewing Equipment

Sewing Equipment

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Sewing Equipment

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  1. Sewing Equipment FACS Chapter 43

  2. Objectives • You will learn. . . • How small sewing equipment is used. • How to operate a sewing machine.

  3. Small Sewing Equipment • Cutting and Measuring Equipment • Marking Equipment • Pressing Equipment

  4. Cutting and Measuring Equipment • Small scissors • Use small scissors to clip threads and trim fabric • Shears • Use to cut fabric • Long blades with one handle for the thumb and one handle for two or more fingers

  5. Cutting and Measuring Equipment • Seam Ripper • Hook-Like Point • Handy for cutting and removing stitches

  6. Cutting and Measuring Equipment • Tape Measure • Narrow strip of durable plastic often marked with both inches and centimeters

  7. Cutting and Measuring Equipment • Measuring Stick • Yardstick or Meterstick • Useful for measuring a pattern and fabric on a flat surface

  8. Cutting and Measuring Equipment • Sewing Gauge • Small ruler with a slide marker that can be set to gauge specific measurements • Examples • Width of a seam allowance or hem

  9. Marking Equipment • Tracing Wheel • Tailor’s Chalk • Fabric Marker

  10. Marking Equipment • Tracing Wheel • Used with a special waxed paper to transfer pattern markings to the wrong side of the fabric

  11. Marking Equipment • Tailor’s Chalk • Pencils, small squares, or small wheels of chalk or wax are used to mark fabric

  12. Marking Equipment • Fabric marker • Special Pen marks fabrics temporarily. • Some marks can be removed with water • Other fade in a short time period

  13. Pressing Equipment • Iron and Ironing Board • Press Cloth

  14. Pressing Equipment • Iron and Iron Board • A steam iron and a well-padded ironing board enable you to press as you sew • Press Cloth • Used for dark fabrics • Place between the fabric and iron to keep dark fabrics from developing a shine

  15. Other Small Equipment • Straight Pins • Used to anchor the pattern to the fabric and to hold layers of fabric together

  16. Other Small Equipment • Pincushion • Use to keep needles and pins handy while you work

  17. Small Equipment • Thimble • Used to push a needle through fabric while hand sewing • Should fit snugly on the hand that holds the needle

  18. Equipment Safety • Keep all small sewing equipment together in an organized box or basket • Fold your tape measure and secure it with a rubber band • Place needles in their original containers or in a pincushion • Store pins in a pincushion rather than in a box to avoid spills • Store shears, scissors, and seam rippers with protective covers

  19. Store shears, scissors, and seam rippers with protective covers • Use small boxes or plastic bags to store small items such as thimbles, fabric markers, buttons, an other fasteners • After use, allow an iron to cool. Wrap the cord and store. • Store all sewing equipment away from small children

  20. Find the sewing equipment in the room…. • Where do we store the equipment we just learned about? • Each of you will need to find one of each type of equipment we just went over and store it in your tub • Make a name tag for your tub • You will use this tub throughout our sewing unit

  21. Sewing Machines • One of the most important and most expensive pieces of sewing equipment we will use

  22. Parts of the Machine • Handwheel • Large wheel on the right side of the machine • Controls the up-and-down movement of the needle and thread take-up lever

  23. Parts of the Machine • Thread take-up Lever • This lever feeds thread from the spool to the needle

  24. Parts of the Machine • Throat Plate • Metal plate under the machine needle

  25. Parts of the Machine • Bobbin • A small, flat spool that holds the bottom thread

  26. Parts of the Machine • Bobbin Case • This hold the bobbin and is found beneath the throat plate

  27. Parts of the Machine • Bobbin Winder Spindle • Holds the bobbin while thread is wound from the thread spool to the bobbin

  28. Parts of the Machine • Feed Dogs • Set of Metal “teeth” that move the fabric during stitching • (2)

  29. Parts of the Machine • Presser Foot • This holds the fabric firmly in place against the feed dogs for sewing • (1)

  30. Presser Foot Lifter A lever that raises and lowers the presser foot Parts of the Machine

  31. Tension Control • A dial for adjusting tightness or looseness of the needle thread

  32. Stitch Length Control • This is used to adjust the length of stitches from short to long

  33. Stitch Width Control • This control is used to adjust the width of stitches other than the straight stitch

  34. Stitch Pattern Control • Can be adjusted to make different stitching patterns

  35. Reverse Stitch Control • Depending on the machine, this will be a button or a lever that allows you to stitch backward to secure the end of a seam

  36. Spool Pin • Holds the Spool of thread

  37. Thread Guides • Guide the needle thread as it travels from the spook to the needle

  38. Foot Control • The amount of pressure you apply with your foot to this control regulates the operation of the machine