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GEOGRAPHY

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GEOGRAPHY

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  1. GEOGRAPHY

  2. GEOGRAPHY OF

  3. RUSSIA GEOGRAPHY OF

  4. RUSSIA GEOGRAPHY OF

  5. RUSSIA GEOGRAPHY OF

  6. RUSSIA GEOGRAPHY OF

  7. RUSSIA GEOGRAPHY OF

  8. RUSSIA GEOGRAPHY OF

  9. RUSSIA GEOGRAPHY OF

  10. RUSSIA GEOGRAPHY OF

  11. RUSSIA 5 THEMES GEOGRAPHY OF

  12. LOCATIONEXACT • 40* E. - 170 * W. LONG

  13. LOCATION

  14. LOCATIONEXACT • 40* E. - 170 * W. LONG • 81 * N. - 35 * N. LAT • WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?

  15. LOCATION

  16. LOCATION:RELATIVE • NORTHERN HEMISPHERE • EASTERN HEMISPHERE • tiny bit of Western Hemisphere

  17. LOCATION

  18. LOCATION

  19. LOCATIONRELATIVE • CONTINENTS: EUROPE AND ASIA • NEIGHBORS:CHINA, MONGOLIA, AFGHANISTAN, IRAN, TURKEY, EASTERN EUROPE AND FINLAND • OCEANS: ARCTIC AND PACIFIC

  20. LOCATIONRELATIVE • ONE OF ONLY TWO “EURASIAN” NATIONS • ASIATIC RUSSIA CALLED “SIBERIA”

  21. EUROPE ASIA URAL MTs.

  22. SIBERIA URAL MTs.

  23. PLACESIZE • COVERS 1/6 OF THE WORLD’S SURFACE • CROSSES 11 OF 24 TIME ZONES • GIANT AMONG THE “GIGANTICS” • LARGEST OF 8 LARGEST COUNTRIES • OVER 8 MILLION SQ. MI. • LARGEST “LAKE”: CASPIAN SEA

  24. PLACESIZE • LARGEST NATION IN WORLD • 6000 miles E-W • 2 X SIZE OF CANADA (#2) • LARGEST FOREST • LARGEST PLAIN • DEEPEST LAKE (BAiKAl) • LONGEST COASTLINE • MOST NEIGHBORS • EUROPEs LONGEST RIVER: VOLGA

  25. PLACECLIMATE • 4 FACTORS DETERMINE CLIMATE

  26. PLACECLIMATE • DISTANCE FROM EQUATOR: • LATITUDE • FAR NORTH OF EQUATOR: LITTLE DIRECT SUNLIGHT • AREAS NORTH OF ARCTIC CIRCLE EXPERIENCE POLAR NIGHT • 6 MONTHS DAY / NIGHT • PERMAFROST OR PERMANENTLY FROZEN GROUND

  27. Arctic Circle Tropic of Cancer EQUATOR

  28. PLACECLIMATE • WINDS: • COLD ARCTIC WINDS WHIP ACROSS TUNDRA • WARM SOUTHERN WINDS NEVER REACH RUSSIA

  29. PLACECLIMATE • MOUNTAIN BARRIERS • WARM SOUTHERN WINDS OFF INDIAN OCEAN ARE BLOCKED BY HIMALAYAS • NO NORTHERN MOUNTAINS BLOCK ARCTIC WINDS

  30. PLACECLIMATE • DISTANCE FROM OCEANS • MOST OF LAND IS FAR FROM WATER BODIES • MOISTURE FROM OCEANS CANNOT REACH INTERIOR

  31. CLIMATE IS CONTINENTAL • TEMPERATURE EXTREMES: • TEMPS. RANGE 130*- -50* • HAVE 4 SEASONS, VARIED LENGTH • FAR FROM LARGE BODIES OF WATER • WATER MODERATES TEMP. • ...NO WATER, NO MODERATING EFFECT • HENCE: TEMP. EXTREMES

  32. Bitter cold Moderate Mediterranean Temperature extremes

  33. CLIMATE IS CONTINENTAL • PRECIPITATION: • RUSSIA IS ONE OF WORLDS DRIEST COUNTRIES • MOST OF IT IS FAR FROM WATER BODIES • MOISTURE CARRYING CLOUDS CANNOT REACH INTERIOR

  34. Arid Semi Arid

  35. REGIONSTOPOGRAPHY • FIVE CLIMATIC - VEGETATION ZONES • LAY IN BANDS EAST TO WEST • HAVE DISTINCT FLORA AND FAUNA • CLIMATE AND TOPOGRAPHY ARE UNIQUE TO EACH AREA

  36. TUNDRA Tundra Taiga Steppe Mediterranean Desert

  37. TUNDRA

  38. REGIONSTOPOGRAPHY • TUNDRA • BORDERS ARCTIC OCEAN • REINDEER, ARCTIC HARES, FOXES, WOLVES, POLAR BEARS • NATIVE TRIBES - NOMADIC HERDERS • LOW HARDY GRASSES, MOSSES • PERMAFROST AND POLAR NIGHT • 4 SEASONS: ALL SHORT, BUT WINTER LONG, HARSH

  39. TAIGA

  40. REGIONSTOPOGRAPHY • TAIGA • FOREST ZONE • CONTAINS 1/4 OF WORLDS HARDWOOD • MOST TREES ARE BROADLEAF AND NEEDLELEAF • HARDWOODS AND PINES

  41. STEPPE

  42. REGIONSTOPOGRAPHY • STEPPE • COVERS GREAT PLAIN • MASSIVE GRASSLAND • RICH BLACK SOIL: CHERNOZEM • WHEAT MAJOR CROP • RUSSIA’S BREADBASKET

  43. DESERT

  44. REGIONSTOPOGRAPHY • DESERT • HOT, DRY, BARREN • WITH IRRIGATION, DESERT HAS BECOME PRODUCTIVE • GROW COTTON OTHER CROPS

  45. MEDITERRANEAN

  46. REGIONSTOPOGRAPHY • MEDITERRANEAN • VACATION AREA • RIMS THE BLACK SEA • LONG HOT DRY SUMMERS • SHORT MOIST WINTERS • GROW CITRUS FRUITS • MUCH LIKE SOUTHERN CALIF.

  47. RUSSIA