Egypt vs. Nubia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Egypt vs. Nubia

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  1. Egypt vs. Nubia

  2. Background Egypt • Middle Kingdom defeated • By who? • With what technology? • Hyksos (1640-1570 B.C.) • Egyptians get upset • Queen Ahhotep • Pharaoh Kamose (chased across Sinai)

  3. New Kingdom (1570-1075 B.C.) • Wealthier and more powerful than ever before • Weapons: • Bronze • Chariots • Eighteenth Dynasty Army • Archers • Charioteers • Infantry

  4. Pharaohs became engulfed w/ war Added a third crown Thutmose III Attacks Palestine & Syria Pushes south to Nubia Hatshepsut Gained throne by default Encouraged trade War vs. Trade

  5. Ramses II • Fights the Hittites in Palestine (Battle of Kadesh 1285 B.C.) • Karnak added temple to Amon, chief god • Ruled from 1290-1224 B.C. • Lived to 99 years old w/ 150 kids • Pharaoh = “Great House”

  6. “People of the Sea” • Attack the Hittites and Egyptians • Believed to be the Philistines • Rebellion in East, attack from West (Libyans) • Weak = small kingdoms • Libyans take over but adopt Egyptian customs • Nubia comes after Libyans

  7. Kush (2000-1000 B.C.) • Had been area of slaves for the Egyptians • Kerma 1st Nubian Empire • Trade route off Nile River • Ideas • Goods • Kush was controlled by Egypt • Egypt's decline = Rise in Kush Empire • Guardians of Egyptian values

  8. Piankhi • 751 B.C. led army down Nile and defeated Libyan dynasty • United all of Nile Valley • Established 25 dynasty • Defeated in 671 B.C. by the Assyrians

  9. Meroë • Assyrians enter Egypt, Royal family flees • Iron ore • Close to Red Sea (Significance?) • Rainfall • Prosperous 250 B.C. – A.D. 150 • Falls to Aksum in A.D. 350