References • Afghan National Security Forces • REFRENCES • ANA 1 The Afghan National Army • ANA 1-3 Operations • ANA 1-3.5 Plans and Orders • ANA 1-3.6 Mission Command • ANA 1-4.1 Transportation Operations • ANA 1-4.2 Material Accountability Policy and Procedures • ANA 1-4.5 Ammunition and Explosive Operations Policy and Support Procedures • ANA 1-4.9 Maintenance Operations • ANA 3 Brigade Operations • ANA 6-22.1 Commander's Battle Staff Handbook • ANA 6-22.2 ANA Small Unit Leader’s Hand Book • ANA 7-20.4 Combat Support and Combat Service Support for the Infantry Kandak Commander • ANA 17-236-11 Mission Training Plan (Chapter 5)Training and Evaluation Outlines For Support Platoon Of CSS KANDAK • ANA 42-418-30 Mission Training Plan (Chapter 5)Training and Evaluation Outlines For Maintenance and Supply Company Of CSS KANDAK • ANA 55-158-30 Mission Training Plan (Chapter 5)Training and Evaluation Outlines For Transportation Company Of CSS KANDAK • ANA 17-236-11 Mission Training Plan (Chapter 5)Training and Evaluation Outlines For Headquarters Company Of CSS KANDAK • ANA 63- 20.1 Combat Service Support Commander’s Handbook • US ARMY REFRENCES • JP 4-0 Logistics Support for Joint Operations, 06 April 2000 FM 4-30.3 Maintenance Operations and Procedures, 01 September 2000 • TC 43-4 Maintenance Management, 08 May 1996 AR 600-20 Army Command Policy, 01 FEB 2006 • AR 600-8-111 Replacement Operation, AUG 1993 AR 600-8-1 Army Casualty Operation, APR 1993 • AR 600-8-6 Personnel Accounting and Strength Reporting, SEP 1998 FM 4-0 Combat Service Support, 29 August 2003 • FM 10-27-4 Organizational Supply and Services for Unit Leaders, 14 April 2000 FM 55-1 Transportation Operations, 03 October 1995 • FM 63-11 Logistics Support Elements Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures, 08 October 1996 FM 4-02.1 Combat Health Logistics, 28 September 2001
Valuable Resource Chapter 1 – Introduction from the CJTF Phoenix Commander__1 Chapter 2 – Organizational Structure 1 Chapter 3 – Duties, Responsibilities and Capabilities 1 Chapter 4 – Logistics Decrees 1 Chapter 5 – Reports 1 Chapter 6 – MoD Processes and Procedures 1 Chapter 7 – Decree 4.0 MoD Forms 1 Chapter 8 – Critical Milestone Rating (CM) Validations 1 Chapter 9 – Checklists 1 Chapter 10 – ANA Equipment 1 Chapter 11 – Training Plans 1 Appendix A – Additional Tools in Mentor Handbook CD 1 Appendix B – J4 Points of Contact Listing 1 Appendix C – MoD Forms 1 Appendix D – T10/T22 Contracting Enclosures 1 Appendix E – Solar Perpetual Calendar 1 Appendix F – ANA Airlift Sample Memos 1 Appendix G – Glossary of Acronyms 1
Afghan Logistics History • No logistics system in place for the Afghans prior to the start of OEF; there was virtually no Afghan Police • Prior to 1990, Afghanistan utilized the Soviet “Push” type Logistics system • Soldiers and police are not accustomed to requesting items • It is a challenge to help them plan ahead for what they will need • The Soviet system gave them a “hoarding” mentality • Logistics is the largest challenge with the ANP
UNCLASSIFIED / FOUO “When we receive items that don’t follow the MODs processes and are not approved by LSOC, we view these items as gifts from the Coalition.” - Afghan Colonel
ANSF Logistics • Although getting better…Logistics continues to be a challenge for the ANSF • ANA logistics is better off than the ANP, but still remains a challenge • The Ministry of Interior’s (MoI) logistical system for the ANP mirrors the MoD’s system • Mentor’s play a critical role in enforcing the logistics standards • Know and understand the MoD 14 Process • Ensure that they go through their channels—generate the request (even for items that are not readily available in the Afghan system). • Track and verify requests • Use Operational Funds (OPFUNDS) only when the ANSF logistics systems has been utilized / exhausted • Ministry of Defense (MoD) forms: • MoD ANA Form 2 (Stock Accounting Record) • MoD ANA Form 3 (Register of Supply Actions) • MoD ANA Form 4 (Document Control Register) • MoD ANA Form 9 (Item Materiel Issue Order) • MoD ANA Form 14 (Request for Issue or Turn-In) • MoD ANA Form 1298 (Due out Record) MoD 14 is the key form for ANSF Logistics
Class of SuppliesClass I Food Class II Consumables Class III FuelClass V AmmunitionClass VII MTOEClass VIII MedicalClass IX Parts
DEPOTS DEPOTS DEPOTS DEPOTS DEPOTS LSOC CSS Way Ahead with ASL Forward National FSD FSD Expanded ASL Classes I, II, III, V, VII Class V = 2 ABL’s 75 – 100 Lines Limited ASL Classes I, III, V 20 – 50 Lines Class I = Subsistence (Food) Class II = OCIE, Office & Cleaning Supplies Class III = Fuel Class IV = Construction Materials Class V = Ammunition Class VI = Personal Items Class VII = Major End Items (Vehicles, Weapons, etc… Class VIII = Medical Supplies Class IV = Repair Parts Depot 0 = Class II (General Supplies) Depot 1 = Class II, VII (Weapons) Depot 2 = Class VII (Vehicles) 22 Bunkers = Class V Fuel Depot = Class III ASL = Authorized Stockage List ABL = Authorized Basic Load
X Kabul XXX 201 X 201 2 201 3 PeC Daruleman ANSF Regional Corps Area of Operations and Provincial Breakdown Badakhshan Jowzjan Balkh Konduz Takhar Mazar-e Sharif 209th Corps ARSIC-North Samangan Faryab Baghlan Sar-I Pol Nuristan Parwan Badghis Kapisa Konar Bamiyan Kabul Laghman Wardak Herat Kabul 201st Corps ARSIC-Central 207th Corps ARSIC-West Ghor Nangarhar Day Kundi Lowgar Paktia Gardez Herat Khost 203rd Corps ARSIC-East Uruzgan Ghazni Farah Paktika Zabul Kandahar 201st Corps ARSIC-Central 205th Corps ARSIC-South Nimroz Kandahar Helmand ANSF: Afghan National Security Forces ARSIC: Afghan Regional Security and Integration Command
NATO Training Mission – Afghanistan Combined Security Transition Command – Afghanistan Logistics Training Advisory Group (LTAG)- presently dismantled and merged with CJ4 National Logistics Forum 14 Jan 2010
Logistics Training Advisory Group • Ministerial Development • MOI • MOD • National Logistics Infrastructure and Sustainment development • Advising Echelons Above Corps/Regional level • Logistics Command • MOI Support Command
Konduz MeS Jalalabad Herat Kabul D Gardez Shindad Khowst Farah Kandahar Qalat • KABUL • LTAG Advisors—MoD, MoI Logistics • “Hub” for National Log System • Nat’l Log Depots--ANA, ANP • (above Corps, above RHQ/PHQ) • All classes of supply Lashkar Gar 13
Forward Support Depot Regional Logistics Center Konduz MeS Forward Support Depot Regional Logistics Center Jalalabad Herat Kabul D Gardez Shindad Khowst Forward Support Depot Regional Logistics Center Farah Kandahar National Regional Depots Qalat • Forward Support Depots (ANA) • Avg 4 LTAG advisors/each • 4 of 4 facilities fully operational • Regional Log Centers (ANP) • Avg 4 LTAG advisors/each • 3 of 4 facilities initial op capability • Awaiting ANP manning Lashkar Gar Forward Support Depot Regional Logistics Center 14
Forward Support Depot Regional Logistics Center Konduz MeS Forward Support Depot Regional Logistics Center Jalalabad Herat Kabul D Gardez Shindad Khowst Forward Support Depot Regional Logistics Center Farah Kandahar Qalat Cargo Movement Capabilities Lashkar Gar Forward Support Depot Regional Logistics Center • Central Movement Agency (ANA) • 657 ANA, with 25 LTAG advisors • Transportation Battalion (ANP) • 137 ANP, with 5 LTAG advisors 15
MOI/MOD Decrees, Directives, & Policy Adherence • Advisors not fully versed in MOI/MOD policy, directives • Hinders ability to effectively advise counterparts • Critical to the development of National Logistics • Decrees, Directives, & Policy must be institutionalized within ANSF and advisors need to be part of the solution not the problem • Decree revision timeline
DRAFT ANA Policy Development Schedule 2009 2009 2010 2010 2010 Jul-Aug Sep-Oct Nov-Dec - - Jan-Feb May-Jun Jul-Aug Sep-Oct Nov-Dec Mar-Apr 4.1 Trans (Jul 09 -Dec 09) 4.9 Maint (Dec 09- APR 10) 4.6 Fuel (Dec 09- APR 10) 4.5 Ammo (Mar 10- Jul 10) 4.0 Supply (Mar 10 – Jul 10) 4.2 Accountability (Jul 10 – Dec 10) Decree 6 Month Process Decree Process CSTC-A Prep Afghan Mentored WG Afghan WG Approval/Print CSTC-A prepares outline of decree, but reduces how much of the draft is built in a vacuum. Does not imply an Afghan only generated decree. CSTC-A works hand-in-hand with MoD to build draft document. CSTC-A assists production by providing personnel to draft document and edit content. CSTC-A provides facilitators to work final draft with larger Afghan working group.. MOD approves all Decrees then prints and disseminates copies
Where to find the Decrees • Here: On your Logistics Disk (master) in the OEF Folder (provided by your friendly Specialty CSS instructor) • Theater: https://cstca.oneteam.centcom.mil/sites/CJ4/log/trans/Decrees/Forms/AllItems.aspx
MoD ANA Logistics Process AT&L Strategic Log Cmd GSG4 Each Corps to Support Acq Agency 3 x BDE 4 x BDE à Special Forces Training X 5 Depots Operational LSOC CMA Air Force FSG XXX XXX FSD G4 Tactical X RMTC X 5 II II CSB ASD x Requirements S4 MOD 14 Request II II II II II S4 S4 S4 S4 Future Capability XXX XXX II CSSK Procurment ANAAC Kabul KAF SPT SPT SPT SPT II II I Materiel Flow – AT&L Herat Det CDO ENG MeS Det ENG RBWT x 5 Materiel Flow – Below Corps
MoI ANP Logistics Process MoI Strategic General Dept of Log Dept of Procure-ment MoI Support Cmd Operational Depots Trans Btn MMC RLC RHQ Tactical PSP Requirements PHQ Request Future Capability Non-Stock Item District Materiel Flow – Dept of Log Materiel Flow – Below PHQ
Perceptions vs. Realities of a Broken Logistics System • There are over 20K unfilled requisitions currently in the system • All unfilled are class VII items • System can’t fill b/c priority is going to initial fielding • New policy for what can be filled • Fill or kill -- keeps from having due outs linger in the system • Working to improve system to provide feedback loop to units via 1298 and CORIMS • By-passing the MOI/MOD processes and systems • Over-reliance on local purchase • Using FOO money inappropriately • Advisors not holding the Afghan units accountable to use their processes and systems • Afghan solutions for Afghan problems
UNCLASSIFIED / FOUO Where/Why the system is Broken • Initial fielding vice sustainment • All current stocks are allocated for initial fielding • Nothing is purchased for sustainment of forces • It was determined to be an acceptable risk by senior leaders • Mitigation Efforts • “CJ4” buys 15% over requirement to build stock levels • Absorbed by acceleration • LTAG and CJ4 (merged) working to establish ASLs at Depots and FSD’s
ANA Supply System MoD 14 MoD 14 GSG4 Form 4 I N P U T Form 4 AMoD Acquisition, Technology, & Logistics Forward Supply Depot MoD 14 Form 4 Form 4 Forward Supply Group MoD 14 S4 I N P U T Critical Concept in System: Single Document Number Used by each Point in System Tracks and accounts for a single requisition In Stock Logistics Support Operations Center CORP Form 4 S4 MoD 14 MoD 9 Items Form 4 National Depots MoD 14 Combat Service Support Kandak MoD 9 Issued Items CSTC-A Form 4 MoD 9, Items Form 4 Forward Supply Depot Vendors MoD 8
ANA Logistics Supply Flow Downrange Via Central Movement Agency Via Corps Assets National Depots Forward Supply Depots Combat Service Support Kandaks Via Corps Assets Via Central Movement Agency Via Corps Assets Via Corps Assets Logistics Command/Logistics Support Ops CTR S4 Asst Minister of Defense ,Acquisition, Technology, & Logistics Planning, Budgeting, Requirements LTAG and MOI Department of Logistics Looses Visibility Supply Flow per Policy Soldier Supply Flow Today National Supply Chain Operational Chain
ANP New Supply System MoI 14 MoI 14 Form 4 Form 4 MoI Logistics Department Supply Plans Provincial Supply Point MoI 14 Form 4 Form 4 Regional Logistics Center District HQ MoI 14 I N P U T Critical Concept in System: Single Document Number Used by each Point in System Tracks and accounts for a single requisition In Stock Police Unit Originates Requisition, Records on MoI Form 3 Logistics Department MMC MoI 9 Items Form 4 National Depots Provincial Supply Point MoI 14 MoI 9 Issued Items CSTC-A MoI 9, Items Form 4 Form 4 Regional Logistics Center Vendors MoI 8
ANP Logistics Supply Flow Downrange MOI Tech Center C2 Via Trans BN and Jingle Via Trans Coy and Jingle Intermediate Logistics Facility Regional Logistics Facility Provincial Supply Point Via Trans BN and Jingle TBN and Jingle Dept of Logistics and MMC Customer Pick Up Regional HQ Provincial HQ Planning, Budgeting, Requirements District LTV LTAG and MOI Department of Logistics Loses Visibility Supply Flow per Policy District Supply Flow Today National Supply Chain Operational Chain
National Level Initiatives • Establishment of ASLs • Initial push of sustainment stocks • Greater emphasis of sustainment to combat commanders is needed • Proportional logistics infrastructure growth to support combat forces • Developing acquisition potential on an incremental basis
Where we need your help/Where do you need our help • Call LSOC if you have questions regarding MOD 14’s • Call MOI Support Command Regarding MOI 14’s • Learn decrees/processes and assess, question, and train ANA in daily duties • Cannot overemphasize presenting Afghan solutions for Afghan problems • Advisors need to stop codling & hold the ANSF accountable for their own systems • Make them find solutions • Don’t take the easy way out and do it yourself • Stop being action officers for ANSF b/c we are too impatient to convince them to get it done • ANSF are very capable when they need/want to be
MoD 14 Request Form • Purpose: Initiate a requisition or turn-in items for repair or disposition. • > As the vast majority of MoD 14s are requisitions, we will discuss this use. The use of the MoD 14 as a turn-in document will be covered in a training class at another time. • Importance: The MoD 14 is the starting point for the entire supply system. Only properly filled out MoD 14s will make the supply system function properly, therefore, the success or failure of the system rests on each individual completing the MoD 14 properly.
Document Number Blocks 3, 1 and 5 make up the document number for the requesting item. Example W93A2161990001
MoD 3 Supply Action Register • Purpose: Track what is expected to be received, by document number, from issuing units. • Importance: The MoD Form 3 allows the requesting unit to track what is due into them, account for partial deliveries, and track follow up on when items are due. This form tracks a date which gives the requester a date when status checks need to be made on items which have not been received.
MoD 4 Document Control Register • Purpose: The MoD Form 4 is used to track who the MoD Form 14 has been given to for further processing. • Importance: The MoD Form 4 is the form which will enable tracking of documents through the supply system and allow for status checks on where in the process each document is.
MoD Form 4 The Commander of the Unit will initiate the register with a statement establishing the date; authority, unit and certify it with their signature. This will be filed in the front of the book. On the last page for the year the Commander will close the book with their Signature and Date. The MoD Form 4 is kept by Calendar Year. The numbers start with 0001 and will run consecutive until the last day of the year. The MoD Form 4 is used to document each form that is submitted to someone. A separate line will be filled out for each document.
MoD 9 Material Issue Form • Purpose: The MoD Form 9 is a issue and or turn-in document It specifies what is being issued/turned in, who the material is being sent to, and the quantity of the material. • Importance: The MoD Form 9 closes the supply system loop. It is used to reconcile your MoD form 3 with what you received. By this process you will know if the order is complete, or a partially filled order and how much is still due into your unit. It also, allows for a check on corruption, in that it will tell the receiving unit how much was issued, which can be verified by an inspection of the materials received.
MoD Form 9 Solar Date Issue Authorized Enter the solar date that materiel issue was directed. Example- 24/7/1385 Solar Chronological Date Issue Authorized Enter the solar chronological date that materiel issue was directed. Example-5210 Priority Enter the priority from the original MoD Form 14 submitted by the requesting unit. Example If the MoD Form 14 has priority 2 then enter priority 2 on the Form 9.
Fuel Generator / Vehicle • US: • Email Ordered via Corps Fuel Officer • Contracted from Kabul • Sign Fuel Receipt and Verify Quantity • ANSF: • MOD 14 • Contracted from Kabul • Assist ANSF S4/Fuel Officer to Verify Quantity
On Site Maintenance • Performing maintenance at the location of equipment failure or at the supported unit’s MCP. • Delivering repair parts directly to supported unit. • Providing technical assistance. • It also includes liaison visits to identify issues and requirements of supported units and to inform them of the support available and the procedures required to obtain it. • Liaison teams and MSTs provide on site maintenance support usually contracted out to RM Asia. PLL/POL is still a challenge and is being worked, with a site being set up in Kabul by RM Asia under contract.
Property BookAccountability Hand Receipt 2062 Used for ANSF/US Records
Tashkil • The “Tashkil” is the Afghan version of the US Army MTOE • (Modified Table of Organization and Equipment) • The Tashkil details all of the authorizations for a particular unit, both personnel and equipment. • Number and types of weapons authorized • Number of personnel and by rank • Amount and types of accountable items authorized • * Prior to requesting supplies consult the Tashkil for allowable allocations. • If the unit is short of authorized amounts they can order • If the unit needs more than the Tashkil allows, you can help by mentoring on letters of justification and/or working to adjust the Tashkil
When the request on a Form 14 is denied there is an important decision to be made- • Is the request something that is vital to the mission and survivability? • If the answer is “NO”…then you explain to the mentee and drive on
If the answer is “YES”…you will need to obtain copies of the denied Form 14’s and help maneuver up through the RPAC. (Battalion Task Forces) • There are structures in place to help obtain necessary items outside of the Afghan logistics system, however; the Afghan system must be tried first!