Ethnic Groups and Social Inclusion in Education and Training in the Western Balkan countries Third Regional Experts Meeting 13-14 November 2008, Turin
Challenges • Implementation/operationalisation is sometimes hampered by a too many uncoordinated strategic documents • Inadequate planning - annual or multi-annual planning of the ministries is not always based on strategic priorities • Financing - very often the planned policies are not supported by the adequate national and external financing • Implementation coordination among the different institutions/ international and national development partners is not always easy
Challenges • Monitoring & Evaluation – it is necessaryto develop suitable Monitoring Evaluation mechanism • Policy planning process does not always include a Monitoring and Evaluation mechanism, hence there is not enough fine-tuning of the future policies • Some policy impact assessment and evaluation is done but not enough to be a crucial input to policy frameworks and effective/efficient/sustainable implementation • There is a need for standardisation and harmonisation of the national indicators with those recommended by international organisations (OECD, EU Common Quality Assurance Framework)
Challenges • Not enough integration of the good “pilots” into the national systemic solutions • Not enough adequately enhanced capacities of the national institutions/partners/communicities • Need for better use of IPA programming
Comments/thoughts for discussions • No shortage of new ideas and policy formulation, implementation, tools, instruments, measures and approaches • Evaluation and review to support policy maintenance, succession or termination • Persistent flaws in mainstreaming and large-scale delivery • Transnational cooperation with a special focus on peer learning action to reduce the “policy and implementation gap”
Need for regional cooperation : • Addressing regional challenges helps to de-politicise highly political national issue • Provides greater opportunity to pool and expand strategic knowledge • Enables capacity development through learning from peers who have overcome the same challenges • Contributes to successful lobbying and accessing financial resources • Regional networks can be an efficient forum of bringing together national/ regional/EU and other international learning in one place.
IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER: • Education and training of vulnerable ethnic groups is the best foundation for social integration and the best guarantee possible against exclusion, unemployment and discrimination • It is crucially important to design and implement policies that guarantee an optimal integration and employment BUT: • Education and training is one of the many sectors • There is no obvious and straightforward rule for finance ministry and development partners on how to allocate spending • Discussion of this workshop should be guided by the overall realities of the national context within the framework of EU integration.