Bid Number: E1243THE ROLE OF WASTE PICKERS IN WASTE MANAGEMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA26/03/2013 1 1
PROBLEM STATEMENT • Unemployment drastically dropped from well above the 30% mark between 2001 and 2003, to slightly below 25% from 2008. • From 2010 to 2011, there has been a 3.1% increase in the unemployment figures. • Coupled with high unemployment rates, South Africa is faced with basic service backlogs, including the provision of basic waste services.
WASTE SERVICE BACKLOGS Source: Stats SA, 2011
BACKGROUND • Challenges: • Unemployment and waste service backlogs • The environmental pressures on natural resources and the negative environmental impacts of waste. • These have resulted in the widely known and acceptable waste hierarchy • The waste hierarchy forms the basis for South African waste legislation.
BACKGROUND • This offers a unique opportunity to address both the environmental issues while also contributing towards the socio-economic concerns of the country. • Historically, in South Africa, the recycling sector was driven by the private sector with a huge participation of the informal sector i.e. waste pickers.
BACKGROUND – RECYCLING FIGURES Source: DEA, 2012
RECOGNITION AND ACCEPTANCE OF WASTE PICKERS • Waste pickers generally are not recognised contributors in the sector. • Generally they are seen as “a problem” • Working conditions not acceptable. • Wages are very low. • In certain cases face exploitation.
ORGANISATION OF WASTE PICKERS • On July 2 and 3, 2009, waste pickers from across the country gathered for South Africa’s First National Waste Pickers’ Meeting. • The waste pickers came from 26 landfills in seven of South Africa’s nine provinces.
BENEFITS OF ORGANISATION • Raising social status and self-esteem; • Improving members’ incomes and quality of life, in part by circumventing middlemen; • Improving working conditions and contributing to better health quality; • Facilitating the development of networks; • Providing institutional frameworks for hiring of waste pickers for local bodies/firms; • Preventing harassment and violence;
LEGAL FRAMEWORK • The objects of the National Environmental Management: Waste Act (59 of 2008) are (a) to protect health, well-being and the environment by providing reasonable measures for— (i) minimising the consumption of natural resources; (ii) avoiding and minimising the generation of waste; (iii) reducing, re-using, recycling and recovering waste; (iv) treating and safely disposing of waste as a last resort;
LEGAL FRAMEWORK • The National Waste Management Strategy • Goal 1: Promote waste minimisation, re-use, recycling and recovery of waste • Goal 2: Ensure the effective and efficient delivery of waste services. • Goal 3: Grow the contribution of the waste sector to the green economy.
SCOPE OF WORK • Establish the extent of waste picking in SA. • Establish the different modes of operation of waste pickers in SA. • Determine the impact or contribution of waste pickers on waste management in SA. • Propose how waste pickers can be formally included in waste management in SA in view of the current and future waste management systems based on the current policy direction.
SCOPE OF WORK • Develop training material for waste pickers covering the following: • Health and Safety issues relating to operating on landfill sites. • The recycling value chain. • Recycling business models that will assist waste pickers to understand the business. • Undertake one training session per province for waste pickers. The Service Provider will cover all associated travel and accommodation costs related to this training.
methodology • The study will include primary and secondary data sources. • Where secondary data sources have been used, data verification and/or ground truthing will be required. • For primary data collection a clear sampling method has to be provided including the reasons for choosing such a method. • The primary focus should be ensuring a representative sample that can be used to project an accurate national picture.
REQUIREMENTS • The service provider/s shall submit a detailed budget proposal detailing: • the hourly rates for the different personnel to be used in the project • the hours and respective amounts for each activity/phase of the project. • Unit costs should also be included where applicable. • The service provider/s shall submit a detailed work plan including a clear approach and methodology to be employed.
THANK YOU! Mamosa Afrika Tel: 012 – 310 3920 E-mail: Mafrika@environment.gov.za Tsebo Mohapi Tel: 012 – 310 3861 E-mail: Tmohapi@environment.gov.za 18 18