Exploring Your Personality and Major Chapter 2
Job Jar Activity Introducing the assessments
Personality Type • We are born with certain preferences • DWYA is based on Carl Jung and Myers-Briggs Type Indicator • It explains normal differences • Each person is different and unique just like fingerprints or snow flakes • Knowing your personal strengths will increase self-understanding and help you make a good choice of a major
Preference Activity Sign Your Name What words would you use to describe the act of signing your name?
Personality Assessment (DWYA) • Use your access code to set up an online portfolio and take this assessment. • Your results are linked to matching careers.
Directions for the DWYA • Find a time when you are not tired or rushed. • There are no right or wrong answers. • Answer quickly giving your first impression. Do not over analyze. • You will have a chance to look at your profile and change it if you think it is not correct.
Directions for the DWYA • Answer the questions honestly to get the best results. • Answer the questions how you usually are when you are not stressed. • Do not answer the questions: • How you want to be • How you have to be at home, work or school • How others want you to be There are no good or bad types. Each type has personal strengths that can be used in the workplace.
Directions for DWYA The test does not measure: • Intelligence • Psychological or emotional health • It is a sorting instrument, it does not measure anything Based on your answers, DWYA indicates your personality preferences and matches them to possible careers.
4 Dimensions of Personality Type • How we interact with the world • where we focus our energy Extravert or Introvert Attitude
Extraverts and Introverts Extraverts Introverts Are energized by in inner world of ideas, thoughts and reflections Tend to direct more of their energy inward Figure things out by thinking them through Can be social and talkative with people they know well, or when they have great interest in the topic or person • Are energized by the outer world of things, activities or people • Tend to direct more of their energy outward • Figure things out by talking them out • Can be social and talkative with people they’ve just met as well as people they know well
Introverts and Extroverts • What energizes you? • How much down time do you need? • Gold Coins • Depth vs. Breadth • Mouth open, insert foot • Culture • Debriefing your day • Projection – Arm crossing • Interrupting/Interjecting • Silence • Problem Solving – out loud
Personality and Work Environment Extraverts Introverts Are career specialists Like quiet for concentration Think before acting Prefer written communication Learn by reading Prefer working alone • Are career generalists • Like variety and action • Are good at communication • Like to talk while working • Learn by talking with others • Like to work as part of a team
Sample Careers Extravert • Customer service • Sales • Public relations • Human resources • Physical therapist • Financial advisor • Business management Introvert • Computer scientist • Software engineer • Scientist • Engineer • Accountant • Graphic designer • Pharmacist • Artist
E & I Activity- 2 GroupsDiscuss the following question:What do you like in a work environment?What do you admire about the other group?What annoys you about the other group?What questions do you have for the other group?Share – Which is your natural preference?
4 Dimensions of Personality TypeSensingor Intuition (Mental Process) • The kind of information we naturally notice, remember, like and trust • How you gather information about the world around you
Sensing and Intuition Sensing Intuitive Life information that is abstract and conceptual Focus quickly on future possibilities and interpretations Often describe themselves and imaginative and “big picture” people Need to understand the big picture first in order to understand the specifics “Trust me” • Life information that is tangible and verifiable • Focus quickly on present realities and past experience • Describe themselves as practical and realistic • Need to understand the specifics first in order to see the big picture • “Prove it”
Sensing and Intuitive • Themes or data? • Are details primary or secondary? • Sequential or big picture? (story) • Actual or potential? • Literal or interpretive? • Process and product? (misconceptions about creativity)
Personality and Work Environment Sensing Intuitive Like challenging and complex problems Like new ways of doing the job Focus on the big picture Value creative insight, creativity, imagination and originality • Are realistic and practical • Like standard ways of doing the job • Focus on facts and details • Learn from experience • Like tangible outcomes • Use common sense
Sample Careers Sensing • Business executives • Accountants • Police and detectives • Judges • Lawyers • Computer programmers • Doctors and dentists • Interior decorators Intuitive • Scientists • Engineers • Psychologists • Artists • Photographers • Actors • Professors • Writers
Thinking or Feeling Mental Process 4 Dimensions of Personality Type How we make decisions
Thinking and Feeling Thinking Feeling Harmonious decisions Focus first on impact on people Naturally “step in” to a situation See people as the primary focus Are NOT emotional decision makers • Objective decisions • Focus first on cause and effect • Naturally “step out” of a situation • See people as one of many factors • Are NOT cold and uncaring decision makers
Thinking and Feeling • What about your opposite can impede communication? • Conflict is defined differently • Projection. • “I know how you feel” • Culture Bias, men and women • Fix it or focus on what works well • Agreeing to disagree, or agreeing that we disagree
Personality and Work Environment Thinking Feeling Use personal values to make decisions Promote harmony Relate well to others Enjoy providing service to others Value careers that make a contribution to humanity • Use logic to make decisions • Objective and rational • Like to be respected for their expertise • Follow policy • Firm-minded and sometimes critical • Value money, prestige and power
Sample Careers Thinking • Business managers and administrators • Lawyer • Judge • Computer Specialist • Scientist • Engineers • Mathematicians • Doctors and dentists • Military leaders Feeling • Child care workers • Social workers • Counselors • Family practice physicians • Pediatricians • Interior decorators • Photographers • Artists and musicians
Problem Solving Decision Making Scenario
Judging or Perceptive (Attitude) 4 Dimensions of Personality Type • How you approach life • Describes an orientation to structure: Orderly or spontaneous
Judging and Perceiving Judging Perceiving Open Enjoy starting something and seeing how it unfolds Don’t mind last minute changes Feel comfortable when they are “going with the flow” Do NOT have special powers of perception just because they are P • Closure • Enjoy making a plan and following it to the finish • Don’t like last minute changes • Feel comfortable with they are in control • Are NOT “judgmental” just because they are J
Judging and Perceiving • Time management • Vacations • Lists, everyday or someday • Traditional Education
Personality and Work Environment Judging Perceptive Like to be spontaneous and go with the flow Good at dealing with the unplanned and unexpected Prefer flexible work environments Stressed by deadlines • Prefer structure and organization • Like to have the work finished • Prefer clear and definite assignments
Sample Careers Judging • Business executives • Managers • Accountants • Financial officers • Police and detectives • Judges • Lawyers • Computer programmers • Military leaders Perceptive • Pilots • Athletes • Paramedics • Police and detective work • Forensic pathologists • Engineers • Scientists • Carpenters • Artists and musicians
Group Activity: J and P Exercise: Where do you stand? • I can play anytime • I have to finish my work before I play
Judging and Perceptive Types Need Each Other • Perceptive types need judging types to become more organized and productive. • Judging types need perceptive types to encourage relaxation and fun. They need good communication to understand each other.
Other Factors in Choosing a Major • Once your have completed the DWYA, you may have several job options to consider. Research the job outlook to find out which jobs will be available and how much they pay. Some students may opt for lower Paying jobs that serve humanity and provide personal fulfillment.