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Chapter 11: The Genus Homo PowerPoint Presentation
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Chapter 11: The Genus Homo

Chapter 11: The Genus Homo

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Chapter 11: The Genus Homo

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  1. Chapter 11: The Genus Homo

  2. Homo habilus: “handy man”, Around 2 mya (1.6-2.3), Primary finds at Olduvai Gorge and Lake Turkana Brain size was about 750cc

  3. Limbs more human like: arms shorter and legs longer

  4. Teeth were not large like the other specimens of the same age (boisei)

  5. Oldowan Tools Cutting: Buttering meat Bashing: Breaking open long bones for marrow First tools or first stone tools? Implies greater cognitive ability

  6. Behaviors? • Hunting? • Scavenging • Homicide/cannibalism • Built simple huts: like bushmen today? • Larger home ranges • Probably nuclear family units: one male, one (maybe more) females • Food sharing with kin • Seminomadic • Central place foraging?

  7. Homo erectus African Asian

  8. Brain Bigger:about 1000cc Teeth very human like

  9. Skeleton Look more human like(more robust) "The Turkana Boy“ (early erectus)

  10. Acheulean tools Choppers: simpler with cutting edge (Africa and Asia) Hand axes: symmetric biface (not in Asia, bamboo curtain)

  11. Behaviors • Big Game hunter (elephants and such) • Big packages of meat imply wider sharing networks (kinship and reciprocity) • First Fire? • Choppers used to working skins (clothes making) • First to leave Africa (Europe and Asia) • New Habitats • Language? • Symmetry in tools implies special cognitive ability • Cultural?

  12. Homo floresiensis