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複合形容詞 . 複合形容詞 由兩種以上的獨立的自所組合而成的生字. 名詞＋動詞- ing 名詞＋動詞- en 形容詞＋動詞- ing 形容詞＋動詞 -en 副詞＋動詞- ing 副詞＋動詞- en 形容詞＋名詞- ed 數量詞＋單數名詞. 1.名詞 + 動詞- ing ( 單數的名詞是此及物動詞的受詞 ) . time-consuming 耗時的 Compiling a book is a job which consumes time. →Compiling a book is a time-consuming job. Practice
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複合形容詞由兩種以上的獨立的自所組合而成的生字複合形容詞由兩種以上的獨立的自所組合而成的生字 • 名詞＋動詞-ing • 名詞＋動詞-en • 形容詞＋動詞-ing • 形容詞＋動詞-en • 副詞＋動詞-ing • 副詞＋動詞-en • 形容詞＋名詞-ed • 數量詞＋單數名詞
1.名詞+動詞-ing (單數的名詞是此及物動詞的受詞 ) • time-consuming 耗時的 • Compiling a book is a job which consumes time. • →Compiling a book is a time-consuming job. Practice Q:I take pity on the boy whose heart is broken. A.:I take pity on the heart-breaken boy.
2.名詞+動詞-en ( 由V-en+by+ N而來，如made by man ) • hand-made. 手製的 • This is a dress which was made by hand. • →This is a hand-made dress. Practice The couple sat at a table which was lit by a candle. →The couple sat at a candle-lit table.
3.形容詞+動詞-ing ( 此adj為此型連綴動詞之補語 ) • good-looking 面貌矯好的 • He is a young model who looks good. • →He is a good-looking young model. Practice They make fun of the woman who looks ugly. →They make fun of the ugly-looking woman.
4.形容詞+動詞-en • brown-painted 漆成褐色的 • I like the house which was painted brown. • →I like the brown-painted house. Practice A baby who was born new is really cute. →A new-born baby is really cute.
5.副詞+動詞-ing ( 由Vi.+ Adv. 而來，如move fast ) • brightly-shinning 星光閃閃的 • Can you see the star which is shining brightly? • →Can you see the brightly-shining star? Practice There is a tornado which is approaching fast. →There is a fast-approaching tornado.
6.副詞+動詞-en ( 由be V-en+ adv. 而來，如 be done well ) . • carefully-made 精心製作的 • This is a cake which is made carefully. • →This is a carefully-made cake. Practice The job was done well. →A well-done job.
7.形容詞+名詞-ed ( 形容詞+單數名詞 ed ) • kind-hearted 心腸好的 • He is a man with such a kind heart that he will surely help us. • →He is such a kind-hearted man that he will surely help us. Practice He is a man who has a bad temper. →He is a bad-tempered man.
8.數量詞+單數名詞 ( 名詞是與時間價值長度有關的數值 ) • ten-minute 十分鐘的 • It is a walk which takes just ten minutes. • →It is just a ten-minute walk. Practice We made a journey which took three weeks. →We made a three-week journey.