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جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان دافغانستان اسلامی جمهوریت. ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF AFGHANISTAN MINISTRY OF FINANCE PROCUREMENT POLICY DIRECTORATE. AFGHANISTAN. AFGHANISTAN Landlocked and mountainous South Asia Heart of Asia
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جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان دافغانستان اسلامی جمهوریت ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF AFGHANISTANMINISTRY OF FINANCEPROCUREMENT POLICY DIRECTORATE
AFGHANISTAN • AFGHANISTAN • Landlocked and mountainous • South Asia • Heart of Asia • Connecting South & East Asia with Central & Western Asia • Area: 647,500 Km2 • Population: 30 M (2005 est) • border countries: China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan 744 km, Uzbekistan 137 km • GPD per Capita: $ 678
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM • May 2003 –Procurement review carried out and a number of serious constraints were identified • Limited procurement capacity at all levels • Lack of best International practice based Legal Framework • Lack of ownership of procurement • No consistency in the structures of the line ministries • Lack of adequate Standards in procurement • The main priority/recommendations were as follows: • Preparation of public Procurement Regulation • Establishment of Procurement Policy Unit • Adaption of regulations, SBDs to implement the PPL • Capacity Development Program on procurement • Institutional Development/arrangements
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM Procurement Policy Unit • established August, 2006 • policy and professional development, and as a performance monitoring organ in the field of procurement Focusing on • Regulatory Framework • Institutional Development • Capacity Development • PMIS (e-GP) Objectives • establish and ensure continuity of a transparent, accountable, efficient and effective IT based Public Procurement System in the country, based on sound legal and institutional framework where all the public procuring entities have fully developed capacities to perform their full procurement function.
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM Regulatory Framework • Public Procurement Law – October 2005 (amended twice and 3 time under process • Rules of Procedures for Public Procurement • SBD for Goods • SBD for Civil works (small) • SBD for Civil Works (Large and Plants) • RFP • SBD for Non-Consultancy Services • SBD for Health Sector • SRFQ for Works and Goods • Operational Manual for Appeal Review Mechanism • Operational Manual for SPC • 55 Policy Circulars
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM Capacity Development Since December, 2007 – Training Institute with 15 staff Standard Basic Training – 2 week Standard Intermediate Training – 3 weeks Special/Short Term trainings – 3 to 4 days 25 Procurement Capacity Building Officers (PCBOs) 25 Procurement Controllers in 45 procuring entities 50 Procurement Specialists
Institutional Development : This Includes • Standardize and unify the Procurement Department Structure • Revising the Structure based on volume of work and budget • Revising TORs • 22 line Ministries have been completed
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM Institutional Development: This Includes • Standardize and unify the Procurement Department Structure • Revising the Structure based on volume of work and budget • Revising TORs • 22 line Ministries have been completed
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM • Procurement Management Information System (PMIS) • automated functions for communication • document management and Procurement Information • Enable users to develop monitoring & evaluation skills • Support different stake holders & making decisions by providing data and feed back • Develop a system of communication between various stake holders on procurement information to ensure a two-way flow of information • Institute a mechanism of data analysis & information processing to fast track the implementation of the new procurement Law
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM PMIS Cont. • facilitate compatibility of sharing information in local languages, simplifying the procedures, and reduction of costs in procurement practices. • create a website for dissemination of information on public procurement in Afghanistan. • Public Web Portal: To provide the online facility of easy public access to standard procurement documents including: • Procurement Law • Standard Bidding Documents • Appeal and Review • PPU Circulars • Procurement Rules of Procedures • PPU PMIS Modules: To provide PPU with online services including: • Monitoring / Reporting of procurement activities within procurement entities. • Preparing the list of Debarred Bidders. • Adding new procurement entities. • User Registration/Management • News Management • Training Registration Management
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM PMIS Cont. • PMIS Modules for Line Ministries: To provide electronic services for Procurement Entities including: • Procurement Plan Submission • Entering the Procurement Monitoring Data • Bidders Registration • Contract Awards • Bidding Opportunities • Public PMIS Modules: To provide a data dissemination facility by dynamic contents to public users including: • List of Registered Bidders • List of Debarred Suppliers • Bidding Opportunities • Contract Awards • Registering for Training
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM Special Procurement Commission (SPC) • Established under PPL • Unlimited authority under the Law to grant approval for procurement contracts • Referred to SPC when beyond the Award Authority thresholds • Members • Minister of Finance – Member and Chairman • Minister of Justice – Member • Minister of Economy – Member
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT REFORM Contract Management Office (CMO) • Established as per PPL • Provides secretariat support to SPC in reviewing the documents
APPEAL AND REVIEW MECHANISM Administrative Review Committee • Established as per PPL • Review bidders’ complains • Take Decisions • Members • Public and Private Sector
NATIONAL PROCUREMENT CONFRERNCE When • November 05, 2013 Participants • Ministers • Deputy Ministers • Ambassadors • Heads of Donor Agencies • Heads of Procurement Agenda • Impact of Procurement on Budget Execution and on “on-budget” finance • Procurement performance and related data • Implementation of Procurement law, Build Capacity to Decentralize Procurement Conference Outcome • Synchronise all ministries to execute an IT based public procurement management with “one procurement voice” (law, policies and implementation). • Concrete actions by removing unnecessary approval layers, empowering procurement staff, and streamlining procurement performance to establish firm accountability of all funds expended in budget execution affecting procurement to prevent waste, fraud and abuse. • Remain within defined roles and responsibilities and act within the confines of the Constitution concerning procurement.
FUTURE PLAN Regulatory & Legal Framework • Issuance of SBDs in Pashto Language • Simplify Bidding Documents • Prepare Procurement Manual • Prepare Regulation on PPP • Prepare Regulation on Reverse Auction
FUTURE PLAN Capacity Building • Strengthen/revise Training Curriculum for Basic and Intermediate • Prepare Advance Standard Training Curriculum • Develop Professionalized Procurement Module as Diploma courses
FUTURE PLAN Institutional Development • All Ministries, independent Directorates and Provinces.
FUTURE PLAN PMIS • e-Bid Submission • e-Contract Management • e-Purchasing • Reverse Auction • E-Learning
BOTTLENECKS • Low level of participation in PMIS by line Ministries • Low capacity and National and Particular at Sub-National Level • weak ICT infrastructure • Resistance to Change • No dedicated staff for PMIS data entry • Extra steps in the procurement process introduced by ministries that have no basis in law • Interference in procurement decisions by senior management • Interference by agencies having no mandate • Lack of understanding of procurement law among senior management • Fear of prosecution by AGO and other investigative bodies • Lack of authority of procurement officers • No Harmonization of Procurement Guidelines among the Donors • Lack of Coordination among the Donors • Lack of Power Delegation/Trust • Absence of Incentive/Reward Mechanism • Lack of Procurement Expertise
STEPS TO ADDRESS THE BOTTLENECKS • Effective dialogue between MOF, other ministries and key business associations to improve transparency and trust in public procurement • Mitigation/reduction of undue influences on contracting officials • Determine the best way to synchronize all ministries to execute on public procurement With one procurement voice” (law, policies and implementation) • Review procurement thresholds to avoid signature excess • Establish viable Procurement Offices within Provincial and Governor’s Offices • Determine how to reduce centralization and empower procurement staff • Build capacity at sub-national level • Devise strategies to organize and energize sub-national markets for goods and services • Strengthen and Expand the Capacity Development Program • Harmonization of Donor Guidelines and use of Country System • Build the Procurement Capacity of the Investigating bodies. • Apply reward and punishment mechanism • Enhance the Procurement Knowledge among senior management