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The Mogollon, the Anasazi, and the Hohokam

The Mogollon, the Anasazi, and the Hohokam

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The Mogollon, the Anasazi, and the Hohokam

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  1. The Mogollon, the Anasazi, and the Hohokam Adaptations and Alterations Made for Survival

  2. The Mogollon~1 a.d. – 1450 a.d.

  3. Mogollon Habitat • Mountain and desert dwellers • Gila River Country • Mimbres River • San Francisco River

  4. Mogollon Habitat Mountain dwellers Desert dwellers blm.gov/az

  5. Mogollon Habitat Gila River Country blm.gov/az

  6. Mogollon Habitat Mimbres & San Francisco Rivers nmsu.edu

  7. How the Mogollon got food and other goods • Hunter-GatherersWhat did they hunt and gather? • Farmers: corn, beans, squash, cotton • Traders What did they trade? With whom?

  8. How the Mogollon got food and other goodsHunter-Gatherers blm.gov

  9. How the Mogollon got food and other goodsFarmers Corn Squash www.pecad.fas.usda.gov blog.usa.gov

  10. How the Mogollon got food and other goodsTraders statemuseum.arizona.edu

  11. Mogollon Artifacts • spear points • stone knives • grinding bones(deer, rabbit, squirrel, gopher, prairie dog, badger, pronghorn and mountain sheep)

  12. Mogollon ArtifactsSpear Points, Stone Knives statemuseum.arizona.edu

  13. Mogollon ArtifactsBones blm.gov

  14. More Artifacts • PotteryBrown or red before 900 a.d.Mimbres (black on white) in 900 a.d. • Stone axes ground on 3 sides • Shell pendants, bone hairpins

  15. Artifacts Mimbres Pottery Blm.gov statemuseum.arizona.edu Nps.gov

  16. ArtifactsStone Axes Nps.gov

  17. ArtifactsShell Pendants, Hair Pins statemuseum.arizona.edu

  18. Mogollon Adaptations and Alterations1.Totally relied on environment 2. Followed seasons

  19. Mogollon Adaptations and AlterationsMay have left area due to climate change or drought which would lead to food shortages

  20. Mogollon RuinsGila Cliff Dwelling Kinishba Pueblo Grasshopper Q Ranch Pueblo Point of Pines Pueblo

  21. Mogollon RuinsGila Cliff Dwellings nps.gov

  22. Mogollon RuinsKinishba Pueblo Nps.gov

  23. The Anasazi~100 a.d. - 1300 a.d.

  24. Anasazi Habitat Stone architecture Cliff dwellings or pueblos Kiva built in center of plaza -underground -for ceremonies -with benches

  25. Anasazi HabitatCliff dwellings or pueblos nps.gov

  26. How the Anasazi got food and other goods Farmers: corn or maize, squash Hunter-Gatherers: rabbit, deer, prairie dogs Basket makers

  27. How the Anasazi got food and other goodsFarmers usda.gov blog.usa.gov

  28. How the Anasazi got food and other goodsHunter-Gatherers blm.gov

  29. How the Anasazi got food and other goodsBasket Makers Nps.gov

  30. Anasazi Artifacts • Pottery (learned from the Mogollon) • Squash gourds for water • Baskets • Stone tools – spear, throwing stick • Digging sticks

  31. ArtifactsPottery Loc.gov

  32. ArtifactsSquash gourds for water The gourds used to store water would have looked something like this. Nps.gov

  33. Anasazi ArtifactsBaskets Nps.gov

  34. Anasazi ArtifactsStone tools Throwing Sticks and Spears Nps.gov

  35. Anasazi ArtifactsDigging Sticks Can you imagine using a stick to dig a hole to plant a seed in order to get food?

  36. Anasazi Adaptations and Alterations 1. Carried water from source to village 2. Built homes in cliffs for protection from elements and enemies 3. Built homes facing south for heat in winter

  37. Anasazi Adaptations and Alterations nps.gov

  38. Anasazi Adaptations and Alterations What may have happened to them? Drought Enemies invaded Internal conflict

  39. Anasazi Ruins • Mesa Verde • Canyon de Chelly • Kayenta

  40. Anasazi RuinsMesa Verde usgs.gov

  41. Anasazi RuinsCanyon de Chelly nasa.gov

  42. The Hohokam~1 a.d. – 1450 a.d.

  43. Hohokam Habitat • Sonoran Desert by rivers • Made homes of ‘jacal’ (adobe) • Villages built around plaza

  44. Hohokam Habitat Hohokam adobe dwelling Nps.gov

  45. How the Hohokam got food and other goodsFarmers: corn, beans, cotton, agave, and squashHunter-Gatherers

  46. How the Hohokam got food and other goodsFarmers Corn Agave Cotton usda.gov Virginia.gov usda.gov