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## Manipulatives Can Help Adults Learn Math Too

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**Manipulatives Can Help Adults Learn Math Too**Marcia Torgrude K-12 Math Specialist mtorgrude@tie.net**Number Sense**“Being able to handle numbers comfortably and competently is important to adults as parents, workers and community members. This competence relies upon having developed a kind of "number sense" about whole numbers, money, fractions, decimals, and percentages. Number sense includes calculation skills with numbers as well as a sense of number and operation and an ability to appropriately use estimation, mental math, computation, calculators or other tools.” The Massachusetts Mathematics Curriculum Framework http://shell04.theworld.com/std/anpn//frame5.html**Outcomes**• Mental Math – for daily life skills • Using manipulativesat any age to gain an understanding of numbers • Multiplication/Division strategies • Develop Fraction sense • Visualize decimals for understanding • Build Algebraic understanding hands-on**Mental Math**If I earn $415 per week. How much will I earn in 20 weeks? No paper or pencil – how could we solve this mentally? • Estimation • Breaking numbers apart • Compensation**Manipulatives for Multiplication**• Base ten blocks • Grid/Array model • Compare to traditional algorithm What are your thoughts?**Manipulatives for Division**• Grid • Friendly number or partial quotient division • Compare to traditional algorithm What are your thoughts? Why is this important for adult learners?**Working with Fractions**• Parts of a whole • Pattern Blocks • Hands on • Patch Tool – Illuminations - http://illuminations.nctm.org/ActivityDetail.aspx?ID=27 • Cuisinaire Rods**Working with Fractions**• Equivalent Fractions • http://illuminations.nctm.org/ActivityDetail.aspx?id=18**Working with Fractions**• Adding Fractions • Pattern Blocks • Cuisinaire rods**Working with Fractions**• Making Sense of Multiplying Fractions • You have two thirds of an enormous brownie and decide to eat one fourth of the two thirds. How much of the brownie are you eating? • Making Sense of Dividing fractions • I have 3 ½ pounds of hamburger. I want to make quarter pound burgers. How many can I make?**Working with Decimals**• Base ten blocks to build decimal number sense • Graph paper and decimals**Working with Integers**• Building understanding of positive and negative numbers • Adding and Subtracting positive and negative • Use of Charge Model • Use of the linear model**Algebraic Equations**• Algebra Tiles to develop an understanding of algebraic expressions and equations • Adding/Subtracting • Multiplying • Using the Array or Grid model • Connecting to the traditional algorithms**Working with Algebra TilesExpressions**• Build 3x +2 + (-4x) +(-5) • Simplify this. • Now try: • 5x-9-2-3x**Working with Algebra TilesAddition/Subtraction**• Build 2x2 + 3x + 5 • Now add x2 – 2x • Solve • Now try: 2x2 +4x – 5 – (x2 +2x -3)**Working with Algebra TilesMultiplication**• Build (x+3) (x- 2) • Solve • Now try: (-2x + 2)(x – 3)**Working with Algebra TilesFactoring**• Create an array for x2 + 5x + 6 • What are the factors? • Now try: x2 – 7x + 12 • http://mathbits.com/mathbits/AlgebraTiles/AlgebraTilesMathBitsNew07ImpFree.html**Open Discussion**• What understanding did you build today? • How might you use the manipulatives with adult learners? • What questions do you have?