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Civilization Case Study: Ur in Sumer

Civilization Case Study: Ur in Sumer

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Civilization Case Study: Ur in Sumer

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Civilization Case Study: Ur in Sumer Chapter 1 Section 3

  2. Key Terms • Civilization • Specialization • Artisan • Institution • Scribe • Cuneiform • Bronze Age • Barter • Ziggurat

  3. Villages Grow into Cities • Economic changes • Irrigation systems for more crops • Food surplus • Develop other skills • Wheel and sail invented • Trade developed

  4. Villages Grow into Cities • Social changes • Specific groups of workers • Formed social classes • Religion more organized • Centered on nature and animal spirits • New Stone Age many gods and goddesses

  5. How Civilization Develops • Civilizations • 1-advanced cities • 2-specialized workers • 3-complex institutions • 4-record keeping • 5-advanced technology

  6. Advanced Cities • Birthplace of first civilizations • Center of trade for larger area • Depend on trade • Produced goods for exchange

  7. Specialized Workers • Specialization- development of skills in a specific kind of work • Artisans- made good by hand (metal, tools, pottery) • Helped cities to become center of trade

  8. Complex Institutions • Institution-a long lasting pattern of organization in a community • Soaring populations • Formed governments • Needed to establish laws • Religion • Temples • Priests • City belonged to the gods • Served as economic center

  9. Record Keeping • Document taxes • Passage of law • Storage of grain • Keep track of calendars and rituals • Systems of writing

  10. Record Keeping • Scribes-professional record keepers • Cuneiform- meaning wedge shaped writing • Pictographs- symbols of writing • Used a sharpened reed • Baked tables in the sun • Beginning of written history (Sumer)

  11. Improved Technology • Ox drawn plows • Irrigation systems • Pottery wheel • Jugs, plates, bowls • 2500 BC metal workers • Melt tin and bronze • Made spearheads • Bronze Age-using bronze instead of copper and stone

  12. Civilization Emerges in Ur • Ur- one of the earliest cities • 30,000 residents • Agricultural • Large scale irrigation • Food surpluses • Life in the City • One story box homes • Merchants and artisans

  13. Ur’s Thriving Trade • Merchants on broad avenues • Coins are not used • Trade pots of grain for a jug of wine • Barter-the trading of goods without using money

  14. The Temple: center of City Life • Ziggurat- pyramid shaped monument means “mountain of god” • 100 steps to top • Priests conduct rituals • Sacrifice animals • Storage of grain, woven fabrics, gems • Believe in afterlife