¿Puede usted ayudarme? Serving ESL/ELL Students in the Library Patti Fleser – Highland Park High School, Highland Park, IL Kris Nielsen – Gemini Junior High, Niles, IL October, 2005
Can You Help Me? • Japanese • Norwegian • Russian • Arabic
Public School Bilingual Census Summary 1999-2000 • 118 languages spoken by students in Illinois schools • 87% are represented in CPS • http://www.isbe.net/bilingual/htmls/psbc9900.htm
What is your school’s language makeup? SpanishPolishUrduArabicSerb/Croat/BosnianGujaratiKorean CantoneseVietnameseRussianPilipinoAssyrianJapaneseRomanianMandarin LaoAlbanianHindiCambodianBulgarianMalayalamGreekUkrainian ItalianFrenchPanjabiGermanLithuanianThaiHaitian/Creole TeluguFarsiCzechPortuguese TagalogHungarianHebrew
Getting to Know Your Students • What is my culturally and linguistically diverse population? • Are there cultural rules I should be aware of? (culture norms) http://www.augsburg.edu/education/edc210/norms-values.html • Individual space • American culture: arm’s length – may be perceived by Hispanics as cold and unfriendly • Hispanic culture: closer than arm’s length – may be perceived by Americans as too friendly and intimate
ELL in School Libraries “…schools need to accommodate their policies and practices to students’ needs and realities if they are to be safe and nurturing learning environments.” Nieto, Sonia. Affirming Diversity: The Sociopolitical Context of Multicultural Education. 4th ed. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. 2004.
Welcoming Place • Orientation: ESL only • What do we have for you? • Getting to know your students • Celebrating multiculturalism • The Usborne Book of Peoples of the World; Internet Linked • Keeping the Traditions; A Multicultural Resource
Translation Sites • http://www.reforma.org/SpanishforLibrarians.pdf Phrases in Spanish for Librarians • http://www.worldlanguage.com/Languages/ List of world languages • http://babelfish.altavista.com/ translation site • http://www.word2word.com/dictionary.html On-line bilingual dictionaries
Collection “Developing literacy in the primary language is an extremely efficient means of developing literacy in the second language. To become good readers in the primary language, however, children need to read in the primary language.” Krashen, Stephen. “Bridging Inequity with Books." Educational Leadership Dec. 1997/Jan. 1998: 18-22. FirstSearch. 28 Feb. 2005 <http://firstsearch.oclc.org>.
HiLo • Weiser Educational books • High Noon Books • Orca Publishing
Graphic Novels • Follett Resources • http://my.voyager.net/~sraiteri/comicslinks.htm Links to many on-line graphic novel resources. • http://www.graphicclassics.com/ Classic novels written in graphic format. • Stoker • Twain • Stevenson • Homer
First Language Books • http://www.powells.com/psection/ForeignLanguages.html • http://www.mantralingua.com/ • http://www.bilingual-books.com • http://www.schoenhofs.com/
Other materials • Dual Language • Books on tape • Picture books • Visual dictionaries
Series of Books • Free Voluntary Reading - “FVR is a system for encouraging silent, self-selected reading of enjoyable books written at the students’ independent level.” • Series have familiar contexts. • Interesting and easy to read and understand. Krashen, Stephen D. The Power of Reading: Insight From the Research. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 2004. Herrell, Adrienne and Michael Jordan. Fifty Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc., 2004.
Series Books Examples • Primary – Hank the Cowdog, Magic Tree House, The Zack Files • Upper Elementary – The Boxcar Children, Dear America, Nate the Great • Middle School – Animorphs, The Royal Diaries, Goose Bumps • High School – California Diaries, Circle of Magic, Ever World
Teacher Resources – On-line • http://www.eslcafe.com/ • http://eleaston.com/books/ books to purchase with ESL/ELL activities
Teacher Resources - Print • Book Bridges for ESL students: Using Young Adult and Children’s Literature to Teach ESL • Multicultural lessons • The Usborne Book of Peoples of the World; Internet Linked • Keeping the Traditions; A Multicultural Resource • Teaching with the Internet (ch 7)
On-line resources for students • http://a4esl.org/q/h/ • http://a4esl.org all levels • http://www.ohiou.edu/esl/english/grammar/activities.html#AllLevels Grammar Activities – all levels
Bibliography -The Library as a Welcoming Place Public School Bilingual Census Summary 1999-2000 – from the ISBE http://www.isbe.net/bilingual/htmls/psbc9900.htm Phrases in Spanish for Librarians – From Reforma.org http://www.reforma.org/SpanishforLibrarians.pdf Babelfish – Translation Site http://babelfish.altavista.com/ ISBE Information on English Language Learning http://www.isbe.net/bilingual/htmls/Resources1.htm Serving Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Students: Strategies for the School Librarian - Eric Digest article http://www.ericdigests.org/1996-3/librarian.htm Reforma – the Association to Promote Library and Information Services to Latinos and the Spanish Speaking http://reforma.org/ Comparing Cultural Norms and Values http://www.augsburg.edu/education/edc210/norms-values.html Library as Home: Multicultural Programs Make a Difference http://www.umanitoba.ca/cm/cmarchive/vol19no3/libraryashome.html Ethnologue: Lanugages of the World. An encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world’s 6,912 known living languages http://www.ethnologue.com/ List of world languages http://www.worldlanguage.com/Languages/ UrduWord.com – Urdu/English Dictionary http://www.urduword.com/Home/index.cgi Poltran.com – Polish/English Translation Site http://poltran.com/
Bibliography - Collection Links to many on-line graphic novel resources. http://my.voyager.net/~sraiteri/comicslinks.htm Graphic Classics - Classic novels written in graphic format. http://www.graphicclassics.com/ Powells.com http://www.powells.com/psection/ForeignLanguages.html MantraLingua – Bilingual Books and CDs for Children http://www.mantralingua.com/ Bilingual-Books.com http://www.bilingual-books.com Schoenhof’s Foreign Books http://www.schoenhofs.com/ Bilingual Books for Children – Book List from ALA http://www.ala.org/ala/alsc/alscresources/booklists/bilingualbooks.htm Bilingual Books/Recomendada Lectura. NEA recommended bilingual (Spanish/English) books http://www.nea.org/readacross/resources/bilingualbooks.html List of Children’s Bilingual Books by Language -- List of dual language books with publisher and purchasing resources http://www.seattleschools.org/area/fam/documents/listoflanguages.xml Barahona Center for the Study of Books in Spanish for Children and Adolescents. An academic center at California State University San Marcos that promotes literacy in English and Spanish. http://www.csusm.edu/csb/ Professional Development Topics – ESL for Teens. ALA article with bibliography http://www.ala.org/Template.cfm?Section=diversitytools&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=73616
Bibliography – Teacher Resources Dave’s ESL Café http://www.eslcafe.com/ E.L. Easton – Books to purchase with ESL/ELL activities http://eleaston.com/books/ Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages – A Global Education Association http://www.tesol.org In the Classroom -a Toolkit for Effective Instruction of English Learners. Presented by The National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/practice/itc/index.htm Resources for Teachers and Students of English – Links, activities and purchases for the ELL teacher (not connected with TESOL.org) http://www.tesol.net/ Online Resources for ESL Students – Article from TechLearning (free sign-up needed) http://www.techlearning.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=12803451 Book Bridges for ESL students: Using Young Adult and Children’s Literature to Teach ESL by Suzanne Elizabeth Reid http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0810842130/103-3662699-9116651?v=glance&n=283155&n=507846&s=books&v=glance Teaching With the Internet: Strategies and Models for K-12 Curricula by Beverly Crane (Chapter 7 – “Teaching Second-Language Learners Using the Internet) http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1555703755/103-3662699-9116651?v=glance&n=283155&s=books&v=glance Doherty, Gillian and Claybourne, Anna. The Usborne Book of Peoples of the World, Internet-Linked. Scholastic. New York. 2001. Perry, Phyllis J. Keeping the Traditions; A Multicultural Resource. Fulcrum Resources Golden CO. 2000.
Bibliography – Resources for Students • Activities for ESL Students –Quizzes, tests, exercises and puzzles to help you learn English as a Second Language (ESL). This project of The Internet TESL Journal (iteslj.org) has thousands of contributions by many teachers. • http://a4esl.org all levels • Self-Study Quizzes for ESL Students • http://a4esl.org/q/h/ • Grammar Activities – from Ohio University • http://www.ohiou.edu/esl/english/grammar/activities.html#AllLevels • English-Zone.com – Self-guided lessons. Many pages free, though some need membership. • http://english-zone.com/index.php • Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab – ESL Listening Quizzes • http://www.esl-lab.com/ • Interesting Things for ESL Students – A fun study site for students of English as a Second Language. Some activities require Java or Flash. • http://www.manythings.org/