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  1. Reading Your best friend just broke up with her boyfriend. The biggest math test of the year is on Friday. And, to top it all off, your parents are still unhappy with your last report card. 中譯 回目錄 整課朗讀 下一頁

  2. Reading part-2 All of these things are causing you a lot of stress. With so much going on, you might be starting to feel pretty upset. 關 句 4 中譯 回目錄 返回 上一頁 下一頁

  3. Reading part-3 When people’s stress levels get too high, they become “stressed out.” Stressed-out people often feel moody or unhappy. They may have difficulty sleeping or may lose their appetite. 9 11 句 型 關 句 中譯 回目錄 返回 上一頁 下一頁

  4. Reading part-4 Even worse, too much stress can make their immunesystems weak. People who experience lots of stress are more likely to become tired and sick. If you are a student, all of this stress can ruin your concentration and affect your performance in school. 關 句 13 16 17 關 句 句 型 中譯 回目錄 返回 上一頁 下一頁

  5. Reading part-5 Unfortunately, there is no way to completely remove stress from our lives. But the good news is that stress is not always a problem. In fact, the stress response is an important function of our bodies. 關 句 20 21 句 型 中譯 回目錄 返回 上一頁 下一頁

  6. Reading part-6 The body’s response to stress helps people react quickly and stay safe in dangerous situations. The hormones produced during times of stress speed up our heart rate and breathing, raise alertness, and provide extra energy. This stress response can benefitathletes competing in games and students taking exams. 句 型 24 25 28 句 型 句 型 中譯 回目錄 返回 上一頁 下一頁

  7. Reading part-7 Stress only becomes a problem when it lasts for a long period of time. That’s why learning how to manage stress is the trick to staying healthy. Fortunately, there are many ways to help relieve stress. 31 關 句 中譯 回目錄 返回 上一頁 下一頁

  8. Reading part-8 Taking a bath, reading a book, and going for a walk are all good ways to relax. Regular exercise, enough sleep, and a healthy diet also keep stress levels low. And healthy relationships with family and friends provide a support system during stressful times. 33 35 句 型 關 句 中譯 回目錄 返回 上一頁 下一頁

  9. Reading part-9 Since stress is a natural part of life, the most successful people are the ones who know how to deal with it. Individuals with positiveattitudes can turn stressful events into healthy challenges. Accepting that some problems are a normal part of life can keep stress from becoming too much to handle. 句 型 38 40 41 句 型 關 句 中譯 回目錄 返回 上一頁

  10. Reading 中譯 part-1 Your best friend just broke up with her boyfriend. The biggest math test of the year is on Friday. And, to top it all off, your parents are still unhappy with your last report card. 你最好的朋友剛和她的男友分手,週五將有年度最重要的數學考試,不僅如此,你的父 母對你上次的成績單仍耿耿於懷。 返回

  11. Reading 中譯 part-2 All of these things are causing you a lot of stress. With so much going on, you might be starting to feel pretty upset. 這些事都為你帶來很多壓力。發生這麼多 事,你可能會開始覺得非常沮喪。 返回

  12. Reading 中譯 part-3 When people’s stress levels get too high, they become “stressed out.” Stressed-out people often feel moody or unhappy. They may have difficulty sleeping or may lose their appetite. 人在壓力指數過高時會變得「焦慮」,焦慮的人往往覺得憂鬱或不快樂,他們可能睡不 好或沒有食慾。 返回

  13. Reading 中譯 part-4 Even worse, too much stress can make their immune systems weak. People who experience lots of stress are more likely to become tired and sick. If you are a student, all of this stress can ruin your concentration and affect your performance in school. 更糟的是,壓力太大可能弱化他們的免疫系統,歷經極大壓力的人較易疲倦及生病。如果你是學生,這些壓力都會妨礙你的專注 力,影響你的在校表現。 返回

  14. Reading 中譯 part-5 Unfortunately, there is no way to completely remove stress from our lives. But the good news is that stress is not always a problem. In fact, the stress response is an important function of our bodies. 不幸的是,我們無法完全消除生活中的壓力,所幸壓力不盡然只是問題,事實上,壓 力反應為人體的一項重要機能。 返回

  15. Reading 中譯 part-6 The body’s response to stress helps people react quickly and stay safe in dangerous situations. The hormones produced during times of stress speed up our heart rate and breathing, raise alertness, and provide extra energy. This stress response can benefit athletes competing in games and students taking exams. 人體對壓力的反應,可於遭遇險境時助人迅速反應以保安全。承受壓力時所分泌的荷爾蒙,會加快人的心跳及呼吸、讓人提高警覺,並提供額外的活力,此種壓力反應對參加競賽的運動員或面對考試的學生都有助 益。 返回

  16. Reading 中譯 part-7 Stress only becomes a problem when it lasts for a long period of time. That’s why learning how to manage stress is the trick to staying healthy. Fortunately, there are many ways to help relieve stress. 壓力只有在持續長時間時才會構成問題,這就是為何學習如何應付壓力為常保健康的要 訣。 返回

  17. Reading 中譯 part-8 Taking a bath, reading a book, and going for a walk are all good ways to relax. Regular exercise, enough sleep, and a healthy diet also keep stress levels low. And healthy relationships with family and friends provide a support system during stressful times. 所幸很多方法都有助於舒緩壓力,洗澡、閱讀和散步都是放鬆的好方法,規律的運動、充足的睡眠及健康的飲食,也可降低壓力指數。和家人朋友建立健康的關係,在面對壓 力時也提供了支援系統。 返回

  18. Reading 中譯 part-9 Since stress is a natural part of life, the most successful people are the ones who know how to deal with it. Individuals with positive attitudes can turn stressful events into healthy challenges. Accepting that some problems are a normal part of life can keep stress from becoming too much to handle. 由於壓力為生活中很自然的一部分,最有成就的人就是那些懂得如何應付壓力的人。態度積極的人能把有壓力的事轉換成有益健康的挑戰。能體認某些問題為生活中的正常部分的人,可控制壓力使之不至於沉重得無法 處理。 返回

  19. 句型-1 With so much going on, you might be starting to feel pretty upset.(見第4行) (中譯:發生這麼多事,你 可能會開始覺得非常沮喪。) with + O + OC 用來說明附帶狀態。 ※ 有關with + O + OC 的文法,詳參本課 Grammar Focus I。 關鍵句型 回目錄 回課文

  20. 句型-2 Stressed-out people often feel moody or unhappy.(見第9行) (中譯:焦慮的人往往覺得憂鬱或不快樂。) (1) stressed out 是片語放在名詞之後。stressed out為形容詞,放在名詞之前。 (2) feel 是連綴動詞,後接形容詞做為主詞補 語。 例:How can you feel so happy after hearing such bad news? 聽到如此糟的消息後,你怎能如此快樂 呢? 回目錄 回課文

  21. 句型-3 They may have difficulty sleeping or may lose their appetite.(見第11行) (中譯:他們可能 睡不好或沒有食慾。) have difficulty + V-ing ... ……有困難,類似用法尚有have trouble、have problems 與have a hard time 等。 例:The woman seemed to have difficulty communicating with her children. 這婦人跟孩子溝通時似乎有困難。 關鍵句型 回目錄 回課文

  22. 句型-4 Even worse, too much stress can make their immune systems weak.(見第13行) (中譯:更糟的是,壓力太大可 能弱化他們的免疫系統。) (1) 比較級前面可用even、much、far、still 或a lot 加強語氣。 例:Your efforts have paid off. You are singing much better than before. 你的努力有代價了,你現在唱歌比以前 好很多。 回目錄 下一頁

  23. 句型-4 (2) even worse 修飾too much stress can make their immune systems weak 全句,表達此 句內容比前面的feel moody or unhappy 與 have difficulty sleeping or lose their appetite 都來得更加糟糕得多。 (3) make 接受詞their immune systems 後,以 形容詞weak 做為受詞補語。 例:Her teacher’s groundless criticism really made Viola angry. 薇爾拉的老師毫無根據的批評真的讓她 為之氣結。 關鍵句型 回目錄 回課文 上一頁

  24. 句型-5 People who experience lots of stress are more likely tobecome tired and sick.(見第16行) (中譯:歷經極大壓力的人較易疲倦及生病。) (1) 關係子句who experience lots of stress 說明 先行詞people 的狀況,因who 為主格,不 可省略,在此也不宜用that 代替。 例:I really admire people who do their best at whatever they do. 我真的很欣賞凡事全力以赴的人。 回目錄 下一頁

  25. 句型-5 (2) be likely to V ... 有可能…… 例:It’s ten already. Bob is likely to be late again. 已經十點了,鮑伯有可能會再遲到。 (3) become 是連綴動詞,後面接形容詞做主 詞補語。 例:The neighborhood became famous after a movie star moved in. 在某位電影明星搬入後,這個社區就變 得很有名。 關鍵句型 回目錄 回課文 上一頁

  26. 句型-6 If you are a student, all of this stress can ruin your concentration and affect your performance in school.(見第17行) (中譯:這些壓力都會妨礙你的專注力,影 響你的在校表現。) if 如果 文法/句型 回目錄 回課文

  27. 句型-7 Unfortunately, there is no way to completely remove stress from our lives.(見第20行) (中譯:不幸的是,我們無法完全消除生活中的 壓力。) (1) unfortunately 說明全句的狀態,表達無法 完全把壓力移除生活是不幸的。 (2) remove ... from ... 從……移除…… 例:The doctors removed a bullet from the soldier’s leg. 醫生們取出這名士兵腿中的子彈。 關鍵句型 回目錄 回課文

  28. 句型-8 But the good news is that stress is not always a problem.(見第21行) (中譯:所幸壓力不盡然只是問題。) that 引導的名詞子句做為the good news 的主詞補語。 例:The most important thing is that we should never give up, even in difficult times. 最重要的事情是即使在艱困的時期,我 們絕不放棄。 回目錄 回課文

  29. 句型-9 The body’s response to stress helps people react quickly and stay safe in dangerous situations.(見第24行) (中譯:人體對壓力的反應,可於遭遇險境時助人 迅速反應以保安全。) (1) response to ... 對……的反應 (2) help + O + V ... 幫助…… 例:Studying in the library is a good way to help me stay focused. 在圖書館讀書是幫助我專心的好方式。 文法/句型 回目錄 回課文

  30. 句型-10 The hormones produced during times of stress speed up our heart rate and breathing, raise alertness, and provide extra energy.(見第25行) (中譯:承受壓力時所分泌的荷爾 蒙,會加快人的心跳及呼吸、讓人提高警覺, 並提供額外的活力。) (1) N + p.p. 過去分詞片語 (2) times 在此指「時期」,如: difficult times 艱困的時期。 文法/句型 回目錄 回課文

  31. 句型-11 This stress response can benefit athletes competing in games and students taking exams.(見第28行) (中譯:此種壓力反應對參加競 賽的運動員或面對考試的學生都有助益。) (1) competing in games 是簡化自who are competing in games 的分詞片語, 說明 athletes 的狀態。 (2) taking exams 是簡化自who are taking exams 的分詞片語,說明students 的狀 態。 (3) N + V-ing ... 現在分詞片語 文法/句型 回目錄 回課文

  32. 句型-12 That’s whylearning how to manage stress is the trick tostaying healthy.(見第31行) (中譯:這就是為何學習如何應付壓力為常保健 康的要訣。) (1) That’s why ... 那就是為什麼…… (2) 動名詞learning how to manage stress 當做 主詞,視為單數,故用單數動詞is 。 (3) 不定詞片語how to manage stress 做為learn 的受詞。 文法/句型 關鍵句型 回目錄 下一頁

  33. 句型-12 (4) the trick to ... ……的訣竅,此時to 是介系 詞,如遇動詞,需用V-ing 。 【補充】 trick 表示an effective and skillful way of doing something 或a good method 時,後面可接for/of/to doing something 等。 (5) stay 在此要譯為「保持,維持」後接形容 詞,做為補語。 例:Don’t panic. All you need to do now is stay calm. 不要驚慌,你現在必須做的事就是保持 鎮定。 回目錄 回課文 上一頁

  34. 句型-13 Taking a bath, reading a book, and going for a walk are all good ways to relax.(見第33行) (中譯:很多方法都有助於舒緩壓力,洗澡、閱讀和 散步都是放鬆的好方法。) 連續三個動名詞taking a bath 、reading a book 、going for a walk 當主詞,為複數,故動詞用are。 回目錄 回課文

  35. 句型-14 Regular exercise, enough sleep, and a healthy diet also keep stress levels low.(見第35行) (中譯:規律的運動、充足 的睡眠及健康的飲食,也可降低壓力指數。) 句中的low 是受詞補語,說明stress levels 的狀態。 S + keep + O + OC【受詞補語用法】 【說明】keep 是「不完全及物動詞」如接受詞,需再加「受詞補語」,才能使句意完整並清楚。受詞補語可以是V-ing(強調主動)、p.p.(強調被動)、形容詞片語(如介系詞片語)或名詞片語等。 關鍵句型 回目錄 下一頁

  36. 句型-14 ●A cup of coffee can always keep me awake when I want to study. 當我想讀書時,一杯咖啡總能讓我保持清 醒。 ●I am terribly sorry for keeping you waiting so long. 很抱歉讓你久等了。 ●Let’s keep each other informed of how the project is going through e-mail. 讓我們透過電子郵件方式,讓彼此保持知 道這個計畫的進度。 回目錄 回課文 上一頁

  37. 句型-15 Since stress is a natural part of life, the most successful people are the ones who know how to deal with it.(見第38行) (中譯:由於壓力為生活中很自然的一部分,最 有成就的人就是那些懂得如何應付壓力的人。) (1) since 是連接詞,本句譯為「既然」。 例:Since we can’t go out on such a stormy day, why don’t we have a good rest at home? 既然我們無法在如此的風雨天外出,我 們何不就在家裡好好休息? 回目錄 下一頁

  38. 句型-15 (2) 關係子句who know how to deal with it 說 明先前詞the ones , who 為主格,不可省 略。 (3) 名詞片語how to deal with it 為know 的受 詞。 回目錄 回課文 上一頁

  39. 句型-16 Individuals with positive attitudes can turn stressful events into healthy challenges.(見第40行) (中譯:態度積極的人能把有壓力的事轉換成有 益健康的挑戰。) (1) N + with + N ... 有…… 【說明】 with 後面加名詞,形成介系詞片語,修飾前面的名詞,通常表示「有……」的意思。 回目錄 下一頁

  40. 句型-16 ● A house with three kitchens and ten rooms is quite big. 有三間廚房和十個房間的房子真的很大。 (2) turn ... into ... 把……變成…… 例:The earthquake turned the whole village into ruins. 地震把整個村落變成廢墟。 回目錄 回課文 上一頁

  41. 句型-17 Accepting that some problems are a normal part of life can keep stress from becoming too much to handle.(見第41行) (中譯:能體認某些問題為生活中的 正常部分的人,可控制壓力使之不至於沉重 得無法處理。) (1) 名詞子句that some problems are a normal part of life 做為accept 的受詞,而 accepting that ... life 是全句的主詞(動名詞為主詞)。 回目錄 下一頁

  42. 句型-17 (2) keep + O + from + V-ing ... 阻撓…… 不……,近義的片語尚有: stop ... from ... 與prevent ... from 等。 例:Nothing could keep her from pursuing her dream. = Nothing could stop her from pursuing her dream. = Nothing could prevent her from pursuing her dream. 沒有人可以阻撓她追求夢想。 回目錄 上一頁 下一頁

  43. 句型-17 (3) too ... to ... 太……不能…… ※ 有關too ... to ... 的文法,詳參本課 Grammar Focus II。 關鍵句型 回目錄 回課文 上一頁

  44. 文法/句型-6 【文法/句型】 If S + V + ..., S + will/can/may/should + V + ... 【說明】 if 是「附屬連接詞」引導一個「副詞子句」,做為主要句發生在未來時的條件。因此,if 引導的子句也稱為「條件子句」,時態通常是現在式。要注意的是,「副詞子句」若置於句首,常用「逗點」與主要句分開,反之則不用「逗點」。 ● If you have a cold, you should go to the doctor. 如果你有感冒,你應該看醫生。 回目錄 回課文 返回

  45. 文法/句型-9 【補充】 response to ... 對……的反應 此處的to 是介系詞,後接名詞或動名詞。類似的用法尚有: solution(解決方式)、key(關鍵)、answer(答案)、reply(回覆)、reaction(反應)、trick(要訣)、access(管道)、secret(祕訣)、approach(方式,途徑)等。 ● The children’s positive response to Peter’s performance encouraged him a lot. 孩子們對彼得表演的正面回應對他鼓勵很大。 回目錄 回課文 返回

  46. 文法/句型-10 【文法/句型】 N + p.p.【過去分詞片語的用法】 【說明】 過去分詞p.p. 在此作形容詞用,用來修飾前面的名詞N ,是從形容詞子句(關代功能為主格,動詞為被動語態)簡化而來。簡化步驟為:(1) 刪關代;(2) 將動詞改為p.p.(亦即直接將be 去掉)。 ● The hormones which are produced during times of stress .... → The hormonesproduced during times of stress .... N p.p. 回目錄 下一頁

  47. 文法/句型-10 ※ 還可參考B1L7 的Grammar Focus 省略對等連接 詞的分詞構句;或參考B1L8 的Grammar Focus 省略附屬連接詞的分詞構句。 回目錄 回課文 返回 上一頁

  48. 文法/句型-11 【文法/句型】 N + V-ing ...【現在分詞片語的用法】 【說明】 現在分詞V-ing 在此作形容詞用,用來修飾前面的名詞N ,是從形容詞子句(關代功能為主格,動詞為主動語態)簡化而來。簡化步驟為:(1) 刪關代;(2) 將動詞改為V-ing 。 ● The man who is chairing the meeting is our new manager. → The man chairing the meeting is our new manager. 主持會議的這位男士是我們的新經理。 回目錄 回課文 返回

  49. 文法/句型-12 【文法/句型】 That’s why ... 那就是為什麼…… 【說明】 why 在此當關係副詞,引導形容詞子句,修飾先行詞the reason ,此處the reason 常被省略。 ● Helen is very talkative. That’s why we think of her as a noisy person. 海倫很愛說話,這是為何我們覺得她是個聒噪的 人。 回目錄 回課文 返回

  50. 關鍵句型 1.with + O + OC 2.have difficulty/trouble/a hard time + V-ing 3.make + O + adj. 4.be likely to V 5.Adv., S + V ... 6.that's why/what/how/where/when ... 7.keep + O + adj. 8.too ... (for somebody) to ... 回目錄