What will you learn today? • Define stress and eustress • List several effects stress produces in your body • Compare common stressors among teens • Understand the physiological response to stress and what is happening at a biochemical level.
Did any of you receive the reminder on your phones? Do it now. • Take out your corrections to your homework. Turn in the original HW paper too. 2. Take out your Decision Making homework, both assignments • What are we doing today? • Reviewing/ correcting the decision making homework • take a quiz 3. work on stress packet pages 19-20 independently
Essential Question: What is stress and how can it harm the body? ? Do it now. • Take out your Stress Management packet. Did you complete p. 19-20? • Copy HW complete pages 21-23 in the stress management packet. What are we doing today? 1. identify stress and eustress 2 Understand where stress comes from and it’s effect on the body 3. Group work 4. stress activity
WHAT IS STRESS? The body and mind’s reaction to everyday demands and threats. Click on pic for youtube.
Stress cannot be avoided • It is an every day phenomenon • Stress can have a good source(eustress) • Stress can have a harmful sourse (distress)
IS GOOD STRESS EU – GREEK PREFIX WHICH MEANS GOOD EUSTRESS
DISTRESS • BAD STRESS
Positive Stress • Enables concentration • Increases performance • Energizes you into motion • Examples: Sports Exams (for some) Work Accomplish a to- do list
Negative Stress Lack of motivation Reduced effectiveness Physical, mental and behavioral problems Examples: • Socially disconnected (break up) • Death in family • Feelings of worthlessness • Illness/ disability • Losing something/someone • Overwhelming schedules
Where does stress come from? • BIOLOGICAL STRESSORS Heart Disease Illness ADD/Obsessive /Compulsive disorders Diabetes Anxiety attacks • ENVIRONMENTAL • COGNITIVE OR THINKING • PERSONAL BEHAVIOR • LIFE STITUATIONS
STRESSORS • THINGS THAT PRODUCE A STRESS RESPONSE Peer Pressure
What causes your Stress? • Open your stress management packet to page 19. Look at the stressors that you have had to deal with recently. Compare your list with others in your group. What stressors do you have in common with other members in your group?
What happens when you do not deal with stress? Who would like to take the stress challenge?
Group Work • Fill in the circle on your worksheet called “Things that cause stress.” Add other ideas that are not listed on page 19 of your stress management packet. • Now stop after you have 6 ideas. Click on pic for youtube “Effects of stress on the body”
Working in your group • Fill in the 4 boxes: • How my body reacts • How my heart feels ? Emotionally • How my head reacts or what I think What is stress? youtube Click on pic for you tube.
Essential question: What effect does stress have on the body? Do it now. • Turn in Homework: Stress Management Packet. I will collect it. 2. Take out corrected work too. 2. Take out the note taking sheet on stress from our last class. What are we doing today? 1. Learn about the biochemistry of stress and the body and the symptoms of untreated stress. 2. Group work: Draw a stress response .
What happens during a stress response? • The adrenal gland on top of each kidney is a key organ in a stress response. • The cortex or outer part releases cortisol • The medulla releases epinephrine (adrenaline) Click on here for youtube Adrenal Gland You tube
What are the effects stress hormones? • Increase blood pressure and heart rate • Blood clots • Decrease digestion- weight gain • Stomach acids increase • Weaker immune system • Breathe faster and shallow • Sweat more • Muscle strain • Blood sugars rise • Anti-aging hormones decrease • Less sex hormones –and sex drive • Decrease memory • Increases fat ,cholesterol and glucose
Short term Physical Stress Symptoms •Dry Mouth •Cool skin •Cold hands and feet •Increased sweating •Rapid Breathing •Faster heart beat •Tense Muscles •Feelings of nausea, or 'Butterflies in stomach •Diarrhea A desire to urinate
Long Term Physical Stress Symptoms Insomnia change in appetite sexual disorders aches and pains frequent colds illnesses such as: asthma back pain digestive problems headaches feelings of intense and long-term tiredness Immune system is weakened Weight gain Skin problems Infertility Faster aging
Behavioral/Social Stress Symptoms •Yawning •Talking too fast or too loud •Fiddling and twitching, nail biting, grinding teeth, drumming fingers, pacing, etc. •Bad moods: Defensiveness Irrationality Being irritable Being critical Aggression Overreaction and reacting emotionally
More behavioral/Social affects Reduced personal effectiveness: Being more forgetful Being unreasonably negative Making less realistic judgments Making more mistakes Being more accident prone Neglect of personal appearance Changing work habits Increased absenteeism
Let’s stop and produce stress! • Who is up for a challenge of a stress walk?
Read me first Find a progressive muscle tape to listen to. After you tried the experience at home, write down the web address and a paragraph about your experience. Take out your stress Management Packets, I will collect them. Next quiz: Covering depression and stress will be Friday.
How to Manage Your Stress 1. ELIMINATE OR REDUCE YOUR EXPOSURE TO THE STRESS • CHANGE THE WAY YOU PERCEIVE THE STRESS 3. ACCEPT THAT YOU CANNOT CHANGE THE STRESSOR
RELIEVING STRESS • EXERCISE • MUSIC THERAPY • MEDITATION • HUMOR OR LAUGHING • PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION • DEEP BREATHING • MASSAGE Click on boy for Progressive muscle relaxation tape.
Hans Selye 1936Canadian physician coined the term stress • The only person who controls your stress level is you. Stressors may happen, but your reaction to them will determine the outcome in your body. • “Its not stress that kills us, it is our reaction to it.”
Stop here • Teacher notes follow.
General Adaptation Syndrome Alarm Stage This is the immediate reaction to a stressor. In the initial phase of stress, humans exhibit a "fight or flight“ response, which causes one to be ready for physical activity. However, this initial response can also decrease the effectiveness of the immune system, making persons more susceptible to illness during this phase.
Resistance Stage • Your body will repair any damage caused by the stress in this stage, however if the stressor does not go away, the body cannot repair the damage and stays alert. • High blood pressure • Hives • Insomnia • Lack of appetite • headache
Stage of exhaustion At this stage, the stress has continued for some time. The body's resistance to the stress may gradually be reduced, or may collapse quickly. Generally, this means the immune system, and the body's ability to resist disease, may be almost totally eliminated. Patients who experience long-term stress may succumb to heart attacks or severe infection due to their reduced immunity. For example, a person with a stressful job may experience long-term stress that might lead to high blood pressure and an eventual heart attack.