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10 December 2013

UNCLASSIFIED. ARCYBER The Next Battlefield. 10 December 2013. UNCLASSIFIED. Cyberspace as a Domain. UNCLASSIFIED.

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10 December 2013

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  1. UNCLASSIFIED ARCYBER The Next Battlefield 10 December 2013 UNCLASSIFIED

  2. Cyberspace as a Domain UNCLASSIFIED CYBERSPACE: A global domain within the information environment consisting of the interdependent network of information technology infrastructures, including the Internet, telecommunications networks, computer systems, and embedded processors and controllers.(JP 1-02) • Man-made domain – ever changing • Interdependent w/ traditional war-fighting domains. • Not special or separate – part of every unit’s Operating Environment • Physical, logical (virtual), and social characteristics • Instantaneous operational reach – global battlefield. Constant presence – evolves at the speed of code! 2 UNCLASSIFIED

  3. UNCLASSIFIED Evolution of the Operational Environment (Emergence of Cyberspace) Past Classical – AirLand Battle Today Classical–Network Enabled Future Land Cyber CYBER CYBER Mass and Velocity of Change in OE OPTEMPO Increasing • Convergence has taken place between land-human-cyber; so successful Unified Land Operations will require integrated and successful cyberspace operations 3 UNCLASSIFIED

  4. Threat…Contested Environment UNCLASSIFIED • Sophisticated, Growing and Evolving • Exploiting daily, Increasing disruption, Developing destruction capabilities • Current approach is not defendable or affordable • Limited Situation Awareness • Disparate Networks • Reactive Defense (Signature-based) • Compliance is our first line of defense Threats Developing Faster Than We Can Protect Against Them 4 UNCLASSIFIED

  5. United States Cyber Strategy UNCLASSIFIED • U.S. International Strategy for Cyberspace: • “…combine Diplomacy, Defense & Development to enhance prosperity, security & openness…” • Dissuading and Deterring • Strengthening Partnerships • Building Prosperity and Security • Our strategic approach is always grounded by our unshakable commitments to fundamental freedoms of expression, privacy, and the free flow of information • Department of Defense Strategy for Cyberspace • Treat cyberspace as an operational domain • Employ new defense operating concepts • Enable a whole of government cybersecurity strategy • Build relationships with U.S. allies and International partners • Leverage the Nation’s ingenuity U.S. Joint Cyberspace Doctrine is Emerging and Evolving 5 UNCLASSIFIED

  6. U.S. Cyber Command UNCLASSIFIED On June 23, 2009, the Secretary of Defense directed the Commander of U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) to establish a sub-unified command, United States Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM). Full Operational Capability (FOC) was achieved October 31, 2010. The command is located at Fort Meade, MD. Service elements include: Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER); Air Forces Cyber (AFCYBER); Fleet Cyber Command (FLTCYBERCOM); and Marine Forces Cyber Command (MARFORCYBER). The Command is also standing up dedicated Cyber Mission Teams to accomplish the three elements of our mission. 6 UNCLASSIFIED

  7. U.S. Cyber Command UNCLASSIFIED USCYBERCOM Mission:plan, coordinate, integrate, synchronize and conduct activities to: direct the operations and defense of specified Department of Defense information networks and; prepare to, and when directed, conduct full spectrum military cyberspace operationsin order to enable actions in all domains, ensure US/Allied freedom of action in cyberspace and deny the same to our adversaries. Defend the Nation DoD Information Networks (DODIN) Combatant Command Support Mission Areas CyberForces Cyber National Mission Forces DISA/Services Cyber Protection Forces Cyber Combat Mission Forces (CCMD Aligned) DODIN Operations Defensive Cyber Operations (DCO) Offensive Cyber Operations (OCO) 3 Lines of Operations - Running Throughout the Mission Areas Lines of Operation 7 UNCLASSIFIED

  8. Army Cyber Command UNCLASSIFIED Our Mission • Army Cyber Command/2nd Army plans, coordinates, integrates, synchronizes, directs, and conducts network operations and defense of all Army networks; when directed, conducts cyberspace operations in support of full spectrum operations to ensure U.S./Allied freedom of action in cyberspace, and to deny the same to our adversaries. • Serve as Cyber Proponent • Conduct Information Operations 2nd Army / Army Cyber Command Cyberspace Operations = Build + Operate + Defend + Exploit + Attack 8 UNCLASSIFIED

  9. Command & Control…Evolving UNCLASSIFIED STRATCOM CYBERCOM Army • Organize to Support Combatant Commands • Train, Organize, Equip to Meet Requirements ARCYBER/ 2nd Army Army Cyber Center (USMA) Cyber Center of Excellence (TRADOC) PROPONENT Army Cyber Operations and Integration Center (ACOIC) ARNG Cyber Units USAR Cyber Units NETCOM/9th SC 1ST IO CMD (L) INSCOM CYBER BDE (780th MI) Unity of Effort for Cyberspace Operations 9 UNCLASSIFIED

  10. Army Cyber Command Roles UNCLASSIFIED • Defense of All Army Networks • Serves as Service Component to U.S. Cyber Command • Train, Organize and Equip • Provide Trained & Ready Forces • Build Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber capability • Integrate Cyberspace into Planning and Exercises • Cyber Education, Training and Leader Development • Build Partner Capacity • Conduct Information Ops for the Army • Support to Institutional Cyber Force Development 10 UNCLASSIFIED

  11. Defending All Army Networks UNCLASSIFIED • Collapse to a defendable enterprise network • Provide all-source indications and warnings • Maintain cyber situational awareness • Ensure Intel-Ops-Signal (“2-3-6”) integration • Train and equip all Army HQs, units, and users to defend their networks • Recognize and understand the importance of trusted and disciplined system and network administrators • Monitor and enforce compliance • Conduct forensics of all attacks • Obtain required tools and capabilities • Identify and defend cyber key terrain • Ensure future integration into the Joint Information Environment framework • Army Networks • 400+ Network Connections • 700+ Circuits • Over 800,000 Workstations • Over 35,000 Servers • Over 90,000 Mobile Devices • Over 1,200,000 Users • A Global footprint Must Defend to Maintain the Freedom to Operate 11 UNCLASSIFIED

  12. Cyber “In Stride” Initiatives UNCLASSIFIED Strategic Landpower LandCyber White Paper Cybersecurity Awareness Week Education, Training, & Leader Development Cyber Home Station Training Pilot FORSCOM Cyber Summit Cyber Security Assessment Teams Commanders Program on Cyberspace Risk FY14 FORSCOM Training Guidance Mission Command Assessment Teams TRADOC Plan for Cyber Center of Excellence Cyber-Electromagnetic Activities (CEMA) Elements World Class Cyber Opposing Force Do What We Can Now While More Develops UNCLASSIFIED

  13. Evolving Doctrine UNCLASSIFIED • JP 3-12 (Cyberspace Operations): • Cyberspace Operations are the employment of cyberspace capabilities where the primary purpose is to achieve objectives in or through cyberspace • Most aspects of Joint Operations rely in part on cyberspace • Commanders conduct cyberspace ops to retain freedom of maneuver in cyberspace and deny freedom of action to adversaries • FM 3-38 (Cyber-Electromagnetic Activities):Activities leveraged to seize, retain, and exploit an advantage over adversaries and enemies in both cyberspace and the electromagnetic spectrum, while simultaneously denying and degrading adversary and enemy use of the same and protecting mission command systems 13 UNCLASSIFIED

  14. Army Cyber Training UNCLASSIFIED Vision: A team of elite, trusted and disciplined cyber warriors trained to operate and defend Army networks • Individual Level • Increase individual cyber awareness (passwords, software updates, suspicious attachments); Begin with Initial Military Training • Certification is a first step…Every user has training requirements • Ensure leaders understand and are capable of planning Cyber ops • Unit Level • Train units for a degraded cyber environment • Seek opportunities to integrate and evaluate Cyber ops into planning, training, and exercises at all levels • Synchronization of Cyber ops with all other operations • is imperative • Establish cyber OPFOR capability • Service/Joint • Establish and meet Joint cyber training standards Making the US Army “Second to None” in Cyberspace… Training and Leader Development is the Key 14 UNCLASSIFIED

  15. Establish New Systems Engineering FA26 Operations LT/CPT MAJ LTC COL

  16. 25D - Cyber Network Defender HQDA Approved 25D MOS Nov 2013 Five CND Specialties JAN 2014: Recruiting Target MOS 25B predominate pool • Qualifying Scores. A minimum score of 105 in aptitude areas GT and ST on • Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) tests administered on • and after 1 July 2004 • Possess a security clearance of TOP SECRET (TS) sensitive compartmented • information (SCI) • U.S. citizen • Meet service remaining requirement per AR 614-200 (36 months) • A physical demands rating of medium • A physical profile of 212221 • Normal color vision • Candidates for MOS, as follows: • MOS Immaterial • A SSG ALC graduate with at least 8 years TIS • At least 4 years of experience in IA and IT. This experience must be verified • IA Certification: Must hold a current certification under either IAT Level II or • IAM Level I IAW DoD 8570.01-M 811

  17. Ongoing Initiatives • Science, Technology, Engineer, Math (STEM) 50% SC Accession Targets • Additional Point on OML for STEM Cadets • Voluntary Transfer Incentive Program (VTIP) for FA and BR • MOCS Action approved requiring STEM and TS-SCI for FA53 • Increased Throughput FA53 ISMC • Submitted request to document Civilian Certifications on ORB • Cyberspace Operations and Security Training With Industry (TWI) • Zero-based update of all ACS/TWI Requirements • Documented CPT officer positions as Cyber related ACS utilization assignments • CMF KD positions in DA Pam 600-3 for AOC 24A, 25A, 53A & Signal WO • 40 Seats USAF Cyber 200 Course and 45 at 300 Course for FY 14 (CW4 instructor assignment @ AFIT) • 8 annual ACS seats for AFIT Cyber related MS Degree Programs (PhD instructor assignment @ AFIT) • Implemented TS-SCI Cyber Threat briefing for all Signal PCC • Piloting ECOPS for all Signal PCC • Signal Regimental Officer Transformation MOCS Action (AOC 25G and FA 26) • Increased SC WO accessions to meet CMF build requirements • HQDA approved 25D MOCS Action / 25D Pilot course • 25D In-Service Screening Test (ISST) • CIO/G6 provided DoDD 8570 annual IA/Cybersecurity recertification vouchers

  18. Developing Initiatives • Incorporate SANS MS Degree into FA 26 education program • Organic ACOPC instructor capability in the Cyber Leader College • Cyberspace Technological Enrichment Program (CTEP) (HIA) • Non-MEL4 Fellowship @ NCCIC and FCC for field grade and warrant officers • USCC/NSA CMF equivalency for SC AOC/MOS qualification training course • SIGCoE Course Emphasis on Blended Education vice Training • Army Career Tracker Pilot for all Signal Regiment Officers, WO, Enlisted • Select SC 2LT to USAF Undergraduate Cyber Training @ Keesler AFB • Army Cyber Assessment (ACA) transfer of responsibility from ARCYBER

  19. What We Must Do UNCLASSIFIED • Embrace cyberspace as a contested domain • Know the threat….It is not random • Treat the Network as a weapon system • Enforce Compliance with Basic Standards and Discipline • Cyber security is not a given and remediation is expensive • This is leader’s business • Conduct Training and Leader Development • Make people the Centerpiece, not Technology Strong partnerships are critical to success 19 UNCLASSIFIED

  20. Cyber Warriors UNCLASSIFIED Vision: Professional team • Elite, trusted, precise, disciplined warriors • Culture of trust, respect, and dignity Who • Defend and operate all military networks • Provide dominant effects in cyberspace • Ensure Mission Command • Enable Unified Land Operations • Ensure a decisive advantage—Land and Cyber The Key to Cyberspace Operations is People, not Technology UNCLASSIFIED

  21. Questions UNCLASSIFIED “Transforming Cyberspace While at War… Can’t Afford Not To!” 21 UNCLASSIFIED

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