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New Hollywood

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  1. New Hollywood

  2. New Hollywood New Hollywood Cinema • Economic Crisis • Hollywood Renaissance • Conglomeration • Instability  • Innovation  • Crisis  • New Paradigm

  3. New Hollywood New Hollywood Cinema • Innovation • New methods of production and exhibition • New talents, new business arrangements • New aesthetics • New Sounds • New Looks • Editing • Cinematography

  4. New Hollywood New Hollywood Cinema • Social Issues • Vietnam continues

  5. New Hollywood New Hollywood Cinema • Social Issues • Vietnam continues • Oil Embargo

  6. New Hollywood New Hollywood Cinema • Social Issues • Vietnam continues • Oil Embargo • Global recession • Post-Fordism / Postmodernity

  7. New Hollywood • Studios in Crisis • Bought by conglomerates (1st wave)

  8. New Hollywood They're young... they're in love... and they kill people. - Ad campaign for Bonnie and Clyde

  9. New Hollywood • Youth market and B Pictures • Roger Corman

  10. New Hollywood

  11. New Hollywood New Hollywood Cinema • Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) – Film Ratings • Jack Valenti (1921-2007) • G • GP (PG in 1972) • M (eliminated in 1970) • R • X – (Midnight Cowboy, 1971)

  12. New Hollywood • “Hollywood Renaissance” • An AUTEUR cinema in Hollywood • TV Generation • Sam Peckinpah • Robert Altman • William Friedkin • Etc.

  13. New Hollywood • “Hollywood Renaissance” • An AUTEUR cinema in Hollywood • Peter Bogdanovich • Arthur Penn • Hal Ashby

  14. New Hollywood • “Hollywood Renaissance” • An AUTEUR cinema in Hollywood • “Film Generation” / “Hollywood Brats” • Francis Ford Coppola - UCLA

  15. New Hollywood • “Hollywood Renaissance” • An AUTEUR cinema in Hollywood • “Film Generation” / “Hollywood Brats” • Francis Ford Coppola - UCLA • Martin Scorcese – NYU • Brian De Palma • John Milius – USC • Paul Schrader - UCLA

  16. New Hollywood • “Hollywood Renaissance” • An AUTEUR cinema in Hollywood • “Film Generation” / “Hollywood Brats” • Francis Ford Coppola – Zoetrope Studios • An alternative to the studios?

  17. New Hollywood • “Hollywood Renaissance” • An AUTEUR cinema in Hollywood • “Film Generation” / “Hollywood Brats” • Francis Ford Coppola – Zoetrope Studios • An alternative to the studios? • Steven Spielberg – NO USC, Cal State Long Beach

  18. New Hollywood • “Hollywood Renaissance” • An AUTEUR cinema in Hollywood • “Film Generation” / “Hollywood Brats” • George Lucas - USC

  19. New Hollywood • Industrial Restructuring • Blockbusters / Saturation Booking • B genres to A pictures • The Godfather, 1972 – 400 Screens

  20. New Hollywood • Industrial Restructuring • Blockbusters / Saturation Booking • B genres to A pictures • Jaws – 1975, 1000 screens

  21. New Hollywood • Industrial Restructuring • Blockbusters / Saturation Booking • B genres to A pictures • Star Wars, 1977

  22. New Hollywood • Industrial Restructuring • Blockbusters / Saturation Booking • B genres to A pictures • Merchandising

  23. New Hollywood New Hollywood Cinema • Economic Crisis • Hollywood Renaissance VS. New Hollywood • Conglomeration • Instability  • Innovation  • Crisis  • New Paradigm - Studios reassert control • (what is a studio?)

  24. New Hollywood New Hollywood Cinema • Innovation • New methods of production and exhibition • New talents, new business arrangements • New aesthetics

  25. New Sounds Dolby A

  26. New Sounds Dolby Optical Stereo

  27. New Sounds Dolby SR

  28. New Hollywood New Hollywood Cinema • New Sounds

  29. New Rhythms

  30. New Rhythms

  31. Studio system crumbles; rise of indies Rise of independent production companies making mainstream films Films aimed at the newly important youth market Young filmmakers and cinematographers that had closely studied film history. The new cinematography

  32. Haskell Wexler Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Bound for Glory, One Flew Under the Cuckoo’s Nest, Days of Heaven, Mulholland Falls Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (Nichols, 1966) Medium Cool (Wexler, 1969)

  33. Gordon Willis Klute, Godfather I-III, All the President’s Men, Annie Hall, Interiors, Purple Rose of Cairo Parallax View (Pakula, 1973) Manhattan (Allen, 1979)

  34. Gordon Willis Godfather: Under-exposure / Low Light Photography

  35. Gordon Willis Godfather: Under-exposure / Low Light Photography

  36. Gordon Willis Godfather: Unusual Angles and Composition

  37. Gordon Willis Godfather: Unusual Composition and Color

  38. Gordon Willis Godfather II: New color schemes

  39. Gordon Willis Godfather II: Underexposure—Depth

  40. Steadicam