SIX PERSPECTIVES OF PSYCHOLOGY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SIX PERSPECTIVES OF PSYCHOLOGY

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  1. SIX PERSPECTIVES OF PSYCHOLOGY

  2. BIOLOGICAL VIEW • looks for causes of behavior by studying genes, brain, & nervous system • Determinism = life events determined by mental, physical, & behavioral tendencies; actions are beyond your control • Opposite view: free will. Power to control own behavior • Charles Darwin: natural selection

  3. COGNITIVE VIEW • understand ourselves by looking at our minds  actions influenced by our interpretation of experiences • look at world through other people’s eyes • combination of structuralism & functionalism

  4. PSYCHODYNAMIC VIEW • looks to understand the mind, BUT places heavy emphasis on motives & mental conflicts • treatment of mental disorders • Freud & psychoanalysis; study of unresolved, deep feelings of anger/resentment  LETHAL behavior

  5. HUMANISTIC VIEW • human ability, growth, & potential • people have free will to make choices about their lives • includes people who “feel like a nobody, but want to be somebody”, or someone who is too narcissistic • counselors & psychotherapists

  6. BEHAVIORAL VIEW • source of our behavior is based on environment vs. biology or mind • can only study observable behavior (Skinner) • Skinner prefaced Watson by saying our actions are determined by rewards & punishments

  7. SOCIOCULTURAL VIEW • other people influence our behavior just as much as we influence our own • decides which social behaviors are appropriate/inappropriate • social learning  we learn from other’s behaviors; driven by rewards & punishments (ex: media violence)